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Ioannis "Yianis" Vilaras (Greek: Ἰωάννης (Γιάνης) Βηλαράς; 1771–1823) was a Greek doctor, lyricist and writer who often discussed linguistic matters (see Greek language question) and maintained ties with many figures of the Modern Greek Enlightenment movement.

Biography

Vilaras was born on the island of Kythira, then part of the Venetian Republic, and studied medicine in Padova, Italy. He later moved to Ioannina, his father's home city, where he was connected with Ali Pasha and became friends with Athanasios Psalidas. Vilaras's father was also a doctor in the area.

After the fall of Ioannina to the Turks, he fled to Tsepelovo in Zagori, where he died three years later, in 1823.
Work

Vilaras was one of the first modern Greek poets and important figures of modern Greek literature. He favoured an extreme/radical version of Demotic Greek (people's language), based mainly on the phonetic orthography, without using historic orthography or tones.

His most famous work is the Romeiki glosa (Ρομεηκη γλοσα [sic]), written in Corfu in 1814, which was different from the mainstream ways of Greek writing.

His other works include Amartia and Gnothi Safton. In 1953, "Apanta of Vilaras" ("Complete Works of Vilaras") was published, including erotic and lyric poems, myths, and enigmas.
Works
Poetry
Year Title Greek transliteration and English name
1827 Piimata ke peza tina Ποιήματα και πεζά τινά
1916 Ta piimata Τα ποιήματα
Poems
- To filopono melissi Το φιλόπονο μελίσσι
Prose
Title Greek transliteration and English name
I romeiki glosa stin tipografia ton Korfon 1813), i Mikri orminia gia ta gramata ke tin orthografia tia romeikis glosas Η ρομεηκη γλοσα στην τηπογραφηα τον Κορφον 1814 (modern. τυπώθηκε στην Κέρκυρα το 1814), ή Μηκρη ορμηνια για τα γραματα κε την ορθογραφηα της ρομεηκης γλοσας
The modern Greek in Romanized transliteration is:
I Romaiiki glossa typothike stin Kerkyra to 1814 (τυπώθηκε στην Κέρκυρα το 1814), gramata is now grammata ke is now kai and orthografia with an eta now with an iota, the sentence in today's Greek is slightly different from at that time.
The Romaiki (now Greek) Language Written In Corfu In 1814
O Ligiotatos taxiodiotis Ο Λογιώτατος ταξιδιώτης
O Logiotatos i o Kolokythoulis Ο Λογιώτατος ή ο Κολοκυθούλης
References

This article incorporates text translated from the corresponding Greek Wikipedia article.

External links

Wikisource-logo.svg Greek Wikisource has original text related to this article: Γιάνης Βηλαράς
Works by Ioannis Vilaras at Project Gutenberg

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Modern Greek Enlightenment
Main Ideas

Greek Independence Nationalism Liberalism Constitutionalism Education Westernization Hellenization Freedom of religion Greek language


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Publications

Asma Polemistirion Salpisma Polemistirion Adelphiki Didaskalia Geographia Neoteriki Hellenic Nomarchy Hellenic Library Ephimeris Calliope Rossaglogallos Hermes o Logios Politika Parallela Thourios or Patriotic hymn Pamphlet of Rigas Feraios Map of Greece New Map of Wallachia and part of Transylvania Real Bliss General Map of Moldavia Gnostike, Stoicheia Philosophias

Academies

Ottoman Empire: Athonite Academy Evangelical School Kaplaneios Maroutsaia New Academy Phanar Greek Orthodox College Phrontisterion of Trapezous

Diaspora: Flanginian School Princely Academy of Bucharest Princely Academy of Iași

Representatives

Methodios Anthrakites Kosmas Balanos Athanasios Christopoulos Neophytos Doukas Vikentios Damodos Theoklitos Farmakidis Rigas Feraios Anthimos Gazis Georgios Gennadios Theophilos Kairis Theodore Kavalliotis Grigorios Konstantas Adamantios Korais Konstantinos Koumas Stefanos Kanellos Sevastos Leontiadis Benjamin of Lesbos Iosipos Moisiodax Minas Minoidis Konstantinos Michail Daniel Moscopolites Konstantinos Nikolopoulos Michail Papageorgiou Christodoulos Pablekis Daniel Philippidis Athanasios Psalidas Theoklitos Polyeidis Athanasios Stageiritis Konstantinos Tzechanis Neophytos Vamvas Ioannis Vilaras Eugenios Voulgaris

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