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The Kaplaneios School (Greek: Καπλάνειος Σχολή) was a Greek educational institution that operated in Ioannina from 1797 to 1820/1. The school evolved into the most significant intellectual center of the city through the work of Athanasios Psalidas,[1] a major representative of the modern Greek Enlightenment movement.[2]

Kaplaneios was rebuilt during 1922-1926 and since that time has housed a number of primary schools.[3]

Under Athanasios Psalidas

The school was founded at the personal expense of the brothers Manthos and Zois Kaplanis, merchants and local benefactors.[1] It succeeded another local school, the Maroutsaia, which closed due to financial problems. From its very start, Athanasios Psalidas, one of the main representatives of the modern Greek Enlightenment, took the initiative and became director of the school.[4] The same year the Kaplaneios had its own library, while it came under the protection of the Phanar Greek Orthodox College of Istanbul (Constantinople) and acquired the alternative title Patriarchal Academy.[4]

Psalidas initially faced an anachronistic and lethargic education system. In order to deal with this, he began a series of confrontations with the conservative community of Ioannina. He included in the curriculum lessons of experimental physics[2] and was an ardent supporter of contemporary European ideologies and the vernacular (Demotic) Greek language. The students were also taught Ancient Greek literature and contemporary science, including Lavoisier's chemistry and Isaac Newton's Principia.[5] Psalidas' main objective and aspiration was the intellectual uplifting and the political restoration of the Greek people. In his efforts to achieve this, he was assisted by the intelligent and religiously tolerant ruler of the region, Ali Pasha, who encouraged the education in Ioannina.[6] Because of his progressive teaching methods, Psalidas was accused of atheism and voltairianism by conservative scholars.[7]
Destruction and revival

Soon however, the Greek Enlightenment process, in which Ioannina was a major center, came to an abrupt end, with the suppression of Ali Pasha's autonomist tendencies against the Porte as well as with the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence in 1821. The suppression of Ali Pasha resulted in the destruction of the schools of the city, including the Kaplaneios.[6]

The school was rebuilt during 1922-1926, thanks to a bequest from Zois Kaplanis, and since that time has housed a number of primary schools.[3]
Notable Graduates

Angelos Kitsos
Kosmas Thesprotos, scholar
Georgios Stavros, banker
Anastasios Sakellarios, first director of the Zosimaia School

References

Sakellariou, M. V. (1997). Epirus, 4000 years of Greek history and civilization. Ekdotike Athenon. p. 312. ISBN 978-960-213-371-2.
Bokaris, Efthymios P.; Koutalis, Vangelis (2001). "The "System of Chymists" and the "Newtonian dream" in Greek-speaking Communities in the 17th–18th Centuries". Science & Education. 17 (6): 641–661. doi:10.1007/s11191-006-9050-x.
Sakellariou, M. V. (1997). Epirus, 4000 years of Greek history and civilization. Ekdotike Athenon. p. 414. ISBN 978-960-213-371-2.
"Καπλάνειος Σχολή- Πατριαρχική Σχολή. [Kaplaneios -Patriarchical School]". Κάτοπρον Ελληνικής Επιστήμης και Φιλοσοφίας (University of Athens) (in Greek). Retrieved 2010-10-30.
Angelomatis-Tsougarakis, Helen (1990). The eve of the Greek revival: British travellers' perceptions of early nineteenth-century Greece. Taylor & Francis. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-415-03482-1.
Floros, Ioannis N. Paideia in Ioannina during the so-called Tourkokratia: 18th century - beginning 20th century. University of Johannesburg (Thesis). hdl:10210/2572.
Demos, Raphael (Oct 1958). "The Neo-Hellenic Enlightenment (1750-1821)". Journal of the History of Ideas. University of Pennsylvania Press. 19 (4): 523–541 [537]. doi:10.2307/2707921. JSTOR 2707921.

vte

Modern Greek Enlightenment
Main Ideas

Greek Independence Nationalism Liberalism Constitutionalism Education Westernization Hellenization Freedom of religion Greek language


Cover of Hermes o Logios
Publications

Asma Polemistirion Salpisma Polemistirion Adelphiki Didaskalia Geographia Neoteriki Hellenic Nomarchy Hellenic Library Ephimeris Calliope Rossaglogallos Hermes o Logios Politika Parallela Thourios or Patriotic hymn Pamphlet of Rigas Feraios Map of Greece New Map of Wallachia and part of Transylvania Real Bliss General Map of Moldavia Gnostike, Stoicheia Philosophias

Academies

Ottoman Empire: Athonite Academy Evangelical School Kaplaneios Maroutsaia New Academy Phanar Greek Orthodox College Phrontisterion of Trapezous

Diaspora: Flanginian School Princely Academy of Bucharest Princely Academy of Iași

Representatives

Methodios Anthrakites Kosmas Balanos Athanasios Christopoulos Neophytos Doukas Vikentios Damodos Theoklitos Farmakidis Rigas Feraios Anthimos Gazis Georgios Gennadios Theophilos Kairis Theodore Kavalliotis Grigorios Konstantas Adamantios Korais Konstantinos Koumas Stefanos Kanellos Sevastos Leontiadis Benjamin of Lesbos Iosipos Moisiodax Minas Minoidis Konstantinos Michail Daniel Moscopolites Konstantinos Nikolopoulos Michail Papageorgiou Christodoulos Pablekis Daniel Philippidis Athanasios Psalidas Theoklitos Polyeidis Athanasios Stageiritis Konstantinos Tzechanis Neophytos Vamvas Ioannis Vilaras Eugenios Voulgaris

Related

Philomuse Society Filiki Eteria Ionian Academy Orphanage of Kairis

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