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Georgios Gennadios (Greek: Γεώργιος Γεννάδιος, 1784–1854) was a Greek man of letters who was instrumental in the founding of some of the first educational establishments of modern Greece, considered among the most important personalities of the Greek Enlightenment (Diafotismos), often referred to as the "Teacher of the Nation" (Διδάσκαλος του Γένους).

Georgios Gennadios (Γεώργιος Γεννάδιος)

Life

Gennadios was born in 1784 in Doliana, a village in the Zagori region of Epirus, or according to another view in 1786 in Selymbria in Thrace, where his Epirotan parents went to live for a period. He started his studies in his home village in Doliana and possibly also in Monodendri. He continued his studies in the schools of Ioannina and subsequently in Bucharest (Wallachia). In 1804 he began to study philology at the University of Leipzig under Wilhelm Ernst Weber. He returned to Bucharest upon completion of his studies in 1814.

At 1815 he became an assistant to Neophytos Doukas, then at the Princely Academy of Bucharest. In 1817–20 he went to Odessa, following an invitation by the city’s Greek community and by Ioannis Kapodistrias, then Russia's foreign minister, where he helped to found and direct the Greek School of Commerce. In 1820 he returned to Bucharest following an invitation by Prince Alexandros Soutzos of Wallachia and taught in the city’s schools. That year he also became a member of the Filiki Eteria revolutionary organization. Following the defeat of Alexandros Ypsilantis in 1821 he went to Odessa and from there to Dresden. He returned to Greece in 1826 to take part in the Greek War of Independence.

Following the establishment of the independent Greek state, Gennadios was appointed by Ioannis Kapodistrias, now Governor of Greece, together with Georgios Konstantas and Ioannis Benthylos to compile an official grammar of the Greek language. He founded the Central School of Aegina, later transferred to Athens. In 1832, he was appointed first director of the National Library of Greece in Athens. He founded the Philekpaideutike Etaireía (Φιλεκπαιδευτική Εταιρεία, "Society of the Friends of Education"), taught at the Arsakeion School in Athens and briefly taught history at the University of Athens. He also founded the Archaeological Society of Athens and initiated the numismatic collection eventually housed at the Numismatic Museum of Athens. Among his students were Constantine Paparrigopoulos and Alexandros Rizos Rangavis.[1][page needed]

In 1854, during the Crimean War, he led a revolutionary committee for the liberation of Epirus, his homeland, but died the same year during a cholera epidemic. Gennadios’ statue was placed in front of the National Library of Greece following the construction of Theophil Hansen's neoclassical building to house the collections of the library in 1903.


Works

Grammar of the ancient Greek language, (Γραμματική της αρχαίας Ελληνικής γλώσσης, 1832).
Edited Σύνοψις της Ιεράς Ιστορίας (1835) and Κατήχησις ή Ορθόδοξος διδασκαλία της Ανατολικής Εκκλησίας (1835).

References

Anastasios N. Goudas Βίοι Παράλληλοι των επί της αναγεννήσεως της Ελλάδος διαπρεψάντων ανδρών, Τόμος Β’ Παιδεία, Publisher: M.P. Perides Printing House, Athens

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Modern Greek Enlightenment
Main Ideas

Greek Independence Nationalism Liberalism Constitutionalism Education Westernization Hellenization Freedom of religion Greek language


Cover of Hermes o Logios
Publications

Asma Polemistirion Salpisma Polemistirion Adelphiki Didaskalia Geographia Neoteriki Hellenic Nomarchy Hellenic Library Ephimeris Calliope Rossaglogallos Hermes o Logios Politika Parallela Thourios or Patriotic hymn Pamphlet of Rigas Feraios Map of Greece New Map of Wallachia and part of Transylvania Real Bliss General Map of Moldavia Gnostike, Stoicheia Philosophias

Academies

Ottoman Empire: Athonite Academy Evangelical School Kaplaneios Maroutsaia New Academy Phanar Greek Orthodox College Phrontisterion of Trapezous

Diaspora: Flanginian School Princely Academy of Bucharest Princely Academy of Iași

Representatives

Methodios Anthrakites Kosmas Balanos Athanasios Christopoulos Neophytos Doukas Vikentios Damodos Theoklitos Farmakidis Rigas Feraios Anthimos Gazis Georgios Gennadios Theophilos Kairis Theodore Kavalliotis Grigorios Konstantas Adamantios Korais Konstantinos Koumas Stefanos Kanellos Sevastos Leontiadis Benjamin of Lesbos Iosipos Moisiodax Minas Minoidis Konstantinos Michail Daniel Moscopolites Konstantinos Nikolopoulos Michail Papageorgiou Christodoulos Pablekis Daniel Philippidis Athanasios Psalidas Theoklitos Polyeidis Athanasios Stageiritis Konstantinos Tzechanis Neophytos Vamvas Ioannis Vilaras Eugenios Voulgaris

Related

Philomuse Society Filiki Eteria Ionian Academy Orphanage of Kairis

Modern Greek Literature

Ancient Greece
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
Science, Technology, Arts, , Warfare , Literature, Biographies, Icons, History
Modern Greece

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