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Christodoulos Pablekis (Greek: Χριστόδουλος Παμπλέκης, 1733-1793), was a Greek scholar of the 18th century, one of the most radical scholars in the Modern Greek Enlightenment movement.

Life

Christodoulos Efstathiou Pablekis was born in the village of Babini in Aetolia. At a young age he lost his left eye to illness and his father. He studied in the Athonite Academy under Eugenios Voulgaris and became a monk.

In 1759 he went to Vienna, where he worked as a scholar for the Greek community. He later found himself in Leipzig and in 1781 he publiced in Venice the "Real Politic", where he expresses his theses on governance and religion. In 1786 in Vienna he published his work "about Philosophy, Physics, Metaphysics, Spiritual and God" (Περί φιλοσόφου, φιλοσοφίας, φυσικών, μεταφυσικών, πνευματικών και Θείων) which was influenced by Newton, Diderot, d’Alembert, D’Holbach, Rousseau, Bacon and Cartesius. He criticized the orthodox clergy and condemned aspects of the Christian religion.

In 1791, influenced by Voltaire, he published "Tropaeon of Orthodoxy", and expressed deist sentiments. He died in 1793 in Leipzig.

In 1793, after his death and in response to his critics, his students published his unfinished work "about Theocracy" (Περί Θεοκρατίας) or "Apantisis", in which he criticized the Church and favored separation of church and state. For this work the orthodox Holy Synod in Fanari excommunicated Pablekis, post mortem, his students, the readers of the book and anyone who spread such ideas.
Sources

Panagiotis Kondylis, «Ο Ψαλίδας, ο Παμπλέκης και η θεία Αποκάλυψη», Ηπειρωτικά Χρονικά, 24 (1982), σελ. 249-266.
Χριστόδουλος Παμπλέκης

vte

Modern Greek Enlightenment
Main Ideas

Greek Independence Nationalism Liberalism Constitutionalism Education Westernization Hellenization Freedom of religion Greek language


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Publications

Asma Polemistirion Salpisma Polemistirion Adelphiki Didaskalia Geographia Neoteriki Hellenic Nomarchy Hellenic Library Ephimeris Calliope Rossaglogallos Hermes o Logios Politika Parallela Thourios or Patriotic hymn Pamphlet of Rigas Feraios Map of Greece New Map of Wallachia and part of Transylvania Real Bliss General Map of Moldavia Gnostike, Stoicheia Philosophias

Academies

Ottoman Empire: Athonite Academy Evangelical School Kaplaneios Maroutsaia New Academy Phanar Greek Orthodox College Phrontisterion of Trapezous

Diaspora: Flanginian School Princely Academy of Bucharest Princely Academy of Iași

Representatives

Methodios Anthrakites Kosmas Balanos Athanasios Christopoulos Neophytos Doukas Vikentios Damodos Theoklitos Farmakidis Rigas Feraios Anthimos Gazis Georgios Gennadios Theophilos Kairis Theodore Kavalliotis Grigorios Konstantas Adamantios Korais Konstantinos Koumas Stefanos Kanellos Sevastos Leontiadis Benjamin of Lesbos Iosipos Moisiodax Minas Minoidis Konstantinos Michail Daniel Moscopolites Konstantinos Nikolopoulos Michail Papageorgiou Christodoulos Pablekis Daniel Philippidis Athanasios Psalidas Theoklitos Polyeidis Athanasios Stageiritis Konstantinos Tzechanis Neophytos Vamvas Ioannis Vilaras Eugenios Voulgaris

Related

Philomuse Society Filiki Eteria Ionian Academy Orphanage of Kairis

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