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The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is a China-based multinational particle physics project studying neutrinos. The multinational collaboration includes researchers from China, Chile, the United States, Taiwan (Republic of China), Russia, and the Czech Republic. The US side of the project is funded by the US Department of Energy's Office of High Energy Physics.

It is situated at Daya Bay, approximately 52 kilometers northeast of Hong Kong and 45 kilometers east of Shenzhen. There is an affiliated project in the Aberdeen Tunnel Underground Laboratory in Hong Kong. The Aberdeen lab measures the neutrons produced by cosmic muons which may affect the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment.

The experiment consists of eight antineutrino detectors, clustered in three locations within 1.9 km (1.2 mi) of six nuclear reactors. Each detector consists of 20 tons of liquid scintillator (linear alkylbenzene doped with gadolinium) surrounded by photomultiplier tubes and shielding.[1]

A much larger follow-up is in development in the form of the Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) in Kaiping,[2] which will use an acrylic sphere filled with 20,000 tons of liquid scintillator to detect reactor antineutrinos. Groundbreaking began 10 January 2015, with operation expected in 2020.[3]

Neutrino oscillations

The experiment studies neutrino oscillations and is designed to measure the mixing angle θ13 using antineutrinos produced by the reactors of the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant and the Ling Ao Nuclear Power Plant. Scientists are also interested in whether neutrinos violate Charge-Parity conservation.

On 8 March 2012, the Daya Bay collaboration announced[4][5][6] a 5.2σ discovery of θ13 ≠ 0, with

\( {\displaystyle \sin ^{2}(2\ \theta _{13})=0.092\pm 0.016\,\mathrm {(stat)} \pm 0.005\,\mathrm {(syst)} .} \)

This significant result represents a new type of oscillation and is surprisingly large.[7] It is consistent with earlier, less significant results by T2K, MINOS and Double Chooz. With θ13 so large, NOνA has about a 50% probability of being sensitive to the neutrino mass hierarchy. Experiments may also be able to probe CP violation among neutrinos.

The collaboration produced an updated analysis of their results in 2014,[8] which used the energy spectrum to improve the bounds on the mixing angle:

\( {\displaystyle \sin ^{2}(2\ \theta _{13})=0.090_{-0.009}^{+0.008}} \)

An independent measurement was also published using events from neutrons captured on hydrogen:[9]

\( {\displaystyle \sin ^{2}(2\ \theta _{13})=0.083\pm 0.018}. \)

Daya Bay has used its data to search for signals of a light sterile neutrino, resulting in exclusions of some previous unexplored mass regions.[10]

At the Moriond 2015 physics conference a new best fit for mixing angle and mass difference was presented:[11]

\( {\displaystyle \sin ^{2}(2\ \theta _{13})=0.084\pm 0.005,\qquad |\Delta m_{ee}^{2}|=2.44_{-0.11}^{+0.10}\times 10^{-3}{\rm {eV}}^{2}}

Antineutrino spectrum

Daya Bay Collaboration measured the anti-neutrino energy spectrum, and found that anti-neutrinos at an energy of around 5 MeV are in excess relative to theoretical expectations. This unexpected disagreement between observation and predictions suggested that the Standard model of particle physics needs improvement.[12]
See also

Neutrino
Sterile neutrino
Weak interaction

External links

"Daya Bay home page".
"Catching neutrinos in China". Symmetry Magazine. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2006-11-15.
"Daya Bay θ13 reactor neutrino experiment & Aberdeen cosmic ray muon-induced neutron experiment". Department of Physics. The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 2007-05-10. Retrieved 2007-04-27.

Collaborators

Beijing Normal University
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Catholic University of Chile
California Institute of Technology
Charles University
Chengdu University of Technology
China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group
China Institute of Atomic Energy
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chinese University of Hong Kong
College of William and Mary
Dongguan Institute of Technology
Illinois Institute of Technology
Institute of High Energy Physics
Iowa State University
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Kurchatov Institute
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California at Berkeley
Nanjing University
Nankai University
National Chiao-Tung University
National Taiwan University
National United University
Princeton University
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Shandong University
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shenzhen University
Siena College
Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University
Temple University
Tsinghua University
University of California at Irvine
University of California at Los Angeles
University of Hong Kong
University of Houston
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
University of Science and Technology of China
University of Wisconsin
Yale University
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

References

Daya Bay collaboration (22 May 2012). "A side-by-side comparison of Daya Bay antineutrino detectors". Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A. 685 (1): 78–97. arXiv:1202.6181. Bibcode:2012NIMPA.685...78A. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2012.05.030. S2CID 7471018.
Li, Xiaonan (August 2013). Daya Bay II: Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) (PDF). Windows On the Universe.
"Groundbreaking at JUNO". Interactions NewsWire. 10 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
Daya Bay Collaboration (2012). "Observation of electron-antineutrino disappearance at Daya Bay". Physical Review Letters. 108 (17): 171803. arXiv:1203.1669. Bibcode:2012PhRvL.108q1803A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.171803. PMID 22680853. S2CID 16580300.
Adrian Cho (8 March 2012). "Physicists in China Nail a Key Neutrino Measurement". ScienceNow.
Eugenie Samuel Reich (8 March 2012). "Neutrino oscillations measured with record precision". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2012.10202.
"Announcing the First Results from Daya Bay: Discovery of a New Kind of Neutrino Transformation" (Press release). University of California, Berkeley. 8 March 2012.
Daya Bay Collaboration (10 February 2014). "Spectral measurement of electron antineutrino oscillation amplitude and frequency at Daya Bay". Physical Review Letters. 112 (6): 061801. arXiv:1310.6732. Bibcode:2014PhRvL.112f1801A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.061801. PMID 24580686. S2CID 7332532.
Daya Bay Collaboration (3 October 2014). "Independent measurement of the neutrino mixing angle θ13 via neutron capture on hydrogen at Daya Bay". Physical Review D. 90 (7): 071101. arXiv:1406.6468. Bibcode:2014PhRvD..90g1101A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.90.071101. S2CID 14698730.
Daya Bay Collaboration (1 October 2014). "Search for a Light Sterile Neutrino at Daya Bay". Physical Review Letters 113 (14): 141802. arXiv:1407.7259. Bibcode:2014PhRvL.113n1802A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.141802. PMID 25325631. S2CID 10500157.
Bei-Zhen Hu; et al. (14 May 2015). "Recent Results from Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment". arXiv:1505.03641 [hep-ex].

An, F.P.; et al. (Daya Bay Collaboration) (12 February 2016). "Measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux and spectrum at Daya Bay". Physical Review Letters. 116 (6): 061801. arXiv:1607.05378. Bibcode:2016PhRvL.116f1801A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.061801. PMID 26918980. S2CID 8567768.

vte

Neutrino detectors, experiments, and facilities
Discoveries

Cowan–Reines ( νe ) Lederman–Schwartz–Steinberger ( νμ) DONUT ( ντ) Neutrino oscillation SN 1987 neutrino burst

Operating
(divided by primary neutrino source)
Astronomical

ANITA ANTARES ASD BDUNT Borexino BUST HALO IceCube LVD NEVOD SAGE Super-Kamiokande SNEWS

Reactor

Daya Bay Double Chooz KamLAND RENO STEREO

Accelerator

ANNIE ICARUS (Fermilab) MicroBooNE MINERνA MiniBooNE NA61/SHINE NOνA NuMI T2K

0νββ

AMoRE COBRA CUORE EXO GERDA KamLAND-Zen MAJORANA NEXT PandaX SNO+ XMASS

Other

KATRIN WITCH

Construction

ARA ARIANNA Baikal-GVD BEST DUNE Hyper-Kamiokande JUNO KM3NeT SuperNEMO FASERν

Retired

AMANDA CDHS Chooz CNGS Cuoricino DONUT ERPM GALLEX Gargamelle GNO Heidelberg-Moscow Homestake ICARUS IGEX IMB K2K Kamiokande KARMEN KGF LSND MACRO MINOS MINOS+ NARC NEMO OPERA RICE SciBooNE SNO Soudan 2 Utah

Proposed

CUPID GRAND INO LAGUNA LEGEND LENA Neutrino Factory nEXO Nucifer SBND UNO JEM-EUSO WATCHMAN

Cancelled

DUMAND Project Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment NEMO Project NESTOR Project SOX BOREX

See also

BNO (Baksan or Baxan Neutrino Observatory) Kamioka Observatory LNGS SNOLAB List of neutrino experiments

Physics Encyclopedia

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