Vytina (Greek: Βυτίνα) is a village and a former municipality in Arcadia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Gortynia, of which it is a municipal unit. The seat of the municipality was the village Vytina. Its inhabitants are known as Vytiniots. Greek National Road 74 (Tripoli - Pyrgos) passes through Vytina. It is located E of Pyrgos, approx. 145 km SE of Patras, NE of Megalopoli and Dimitsana and W of Levidi and NW of Tripoli.
The village is located on the slopes of the mountain range Mainalo. Another mountain range is founded in the west and another to the north across the valley. Much of the municipal unit is forested. The area produces marble, a variation called the Black of Vytina.
Vytina, Photo: Roman Klementschitz
Year Village Municipal district Municipality
1981 876 - -
1991 824 - 1,993
2001 885 999 2,012
Vytina was founded in the ancient times as Methydrion (Μεθύδριο Methydrio, Methidrio and Methidrion). In the area featured Demeter, the rubbles of the temple in which survives by the entrance to Magouliana near Petrovouni. Methydrio was under the Roman and later the Byzantine rule. It later became Vytina and fell into Frankish rule, it was later became a part of the Ottoman Empire in the mid-15th century with a short Venetian rule in the early years and from the 1680s to the early-18th century. Vytina did not became Greek until the Greek Revolution in 1821, Vytina had a supply, the city played a great role during the middle of the war and fought many times against Ibrahim.
Vytina's population remained stable and its residents were poor, it had a great agricultural economy until World War II and the Greek Civil War.
The village used to have a large population before the beginning of the 20th century. After World War II and the Greek Civil War, the population began to decline as residents moved to larger towns and cities and outside of Greece. One exception was that the population remained steady between 1981 and 2001.
The father of the historian Constantine Paparrigopoulos, Dimitrios Paparrigopoulos was born in Vytina. Other important Vitiniots include the jurist Vasileios Oikonomidis, the provost marshal Ioannis Dimakopoulos and Kollias Vytiniotis.
Division of the municipality
- Vytina / T.δ. Βυτίνας [ 999 ]
- Elati / T.δ. Ελάτης -- η Ελάτη [ 82 ]
- Kamenitsa / T.δ. Καμενίτσης [ 347 ]
- Lasta / T.δ. Λάστης [ 62 ]
- Lasta / η Λάστα [ 47 ]
- Agridakion / το Αγριδάκιον [ 15 ]
- Lasta / η Λάστα [ 47 ]
- Magouliana / T.δ. Μαγουλιάνων [ 256 ]
- Nymfasia / T.δ. Νυμφασίας -- η Νυμφασία [ 251 ]
- Pyrgakion / T.δ. Πυργακίου [ 15 ]
List of settlements in the Arcadia prefecture
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
Municipalities and communities of the Arcadia Prefecture
Apollonas | Dimitsana | Falanthos | Falaisia | Gortyna | Iraia | Kleitor | Kontovazaina | Korythio | Lagkadia | Leonidio | Levidi | Mantineia | Megalopoli | North Kynouria | Skyritida | Tegea | Trikolonoi | Tripoli | Tropaia | Valtetsi | Vytina
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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