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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Arkadia

Tripoli (Greek: Τρίπολη, Trípoli, formerly Τρίπολις, Trípolis; traditionally Τριπολιτσά Tripolitsa) is a city of about 25,000 inhabitants in the central part of the Peloponnese, in Greece. It is the capital of the prefecture of Arcadia and the centre of the municipality of Tripolis, pop. 48,000.


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History

In the Middle Ages, the place was known as Drobolitsa, Droboltsá, or Dorboglitza, either from the Greek Hydropolitsa, 'Water City' or perhaps from the South Slavic for 'Plain of Oaks'.[1]
Map showing the first phase of the Siege of Tripolitsa during the Greek War of Independence.

Modern Tripolis was created in 1770 near the ruins of the ancient cities of Pallantion, Tegea, and Mantinea, hence its name Τρίπολις = τρεις πόλεις 'three cities'. Before the Greek War of Independence, it served as one of the Ottoman administrative centers in the Peloponnese and had large Muslim and Jewish populations. Tripolis was one of the main targets of the Greek insurgents in the Greek War of Independence, who stormed it on October 17, 1821, following the bloody Siege of Tripolitsa, and proceeded to exterminate the Muslim and Jewish populations in revenge.[2][3] Ibrahim Pasha retook the city on June 22, 1825, after it had been abandoned by the Greeks. Before his evacuation of Peloponnese early 1828, he destroyed the city and tore down its walls.[4]

Tripolis became a major center of newly independent Greek state.
Geography and climate

Tripolis is located in the center of the Peloponnese, in a broad montane basin at approximately 650m in altitude. Tripolis is surrounded by thickly wooded mountains on all sides, the tallest and closest of which is Mount Mainalon to the northwest. The southwest of the Tripolis basin formerly consisted of wetlands which have now been drained and converted to farmland. Because of its inland location and high altitude, Tripolis has a transitional mediterranean/continental climate with hot dry summers and cold winters. Summer temperatures can exceed 40C/104F (Record max. 44C/112F) and in winter temperatures below −10C/14F have been observed (Record min. -18C/0F). Snow can occur several times between late October and early April.

Its main plazas are aligned with the main street and with a highway linking to Pyrgos and Patras. One of them is named Kennedy, the other is named Georgiou B' (George II). The southern part has its main street named Washington. The main section of the city is enclosed around the castle walls that were built during the Ottoman occupation of Greece. An industrial park has been built in the southwest.
Month Mean min (C) Mean max (C)
Jan: 0.9 9.6
Feb: 1.2 10.5
Mar: 2.5 13.0
Apr: 4.9 17.1
May: 8.2 22.7
Jun: 11.9 27.8
Jul: 14.3 30.1
Aug: 14.5 30.1
Sep: 11.6 26.4
Oct: 8.3 20.6
Nov: 4.9 15.5
Dec: 2.8 11.2

(taken from www.hnms.gr – Greek National Meteorological Service)
Municipality

Subdivisions

Division of the former municipality of Tripolis , population 28976

The municipality Tripoli was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 8 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[5]

Falanthos
Korythio
Levidi
Mantineia
Skyritida
Tegea
Tripoli
Valtetsi

Education

Tripoli is the seat of the recently founded University of the Peloponnese with two departments of the Sciences and Technology School and one department of the Economics and Administration School.
Transportation
Tripoli's railway station.

Because of its location at the centre of the Peloponnese, Tripolis is a transportation hub. Corinth is 75 km NE, Pyrgos 145 km E, Patras 144 km NW, Kalamata 60 km SW, and Sparti 60 km S.

Tripoli is mainly accessed from Athens and the rest of Greece through the Corinth-Tripoli-Kalamata motorway, known as the Moreas Motorway (A7). An alternative route is the GR-7 which used to be the main highway to Tripoli before the construction of the motorway. The city is also accessed by GR-74 and GR-76 from Pyrgos and by GR-39 from Sparta.

Tripoli is served by the metre gauge railway line from Corinth to Kalamata of the Hellenic Railways Organisation (OSE). The line has been recently renovated and passenger services to Argos and Corinth, which were suspended for a few years, were reinstated in 2009.
Military

Tripoli is home to the two largest Armed Forces bootcamp centers of Greece, one for the Hellenic Army and one for the Hellenic Air Force

251 Army Training Battalion (Greek)
124 Basic Training Wing (Greek)

Battle of Tripolitsa, Panagiotis Zografos

Liberation of Tripolitsa, Panagiotis Kephalas raises the Flag in Tripolitsa,

Tripolis, 1829

Statue of Theodoros Kolokotronis, Statue of Anastasios Polyzoidis,

Church, Tripolis station, Court House,

Sports
Asteras Tripolis' emblem.

Asteras Tripolis is the city's association football club.
Tripoli in popular culture

The Siege of Tripolitsa was made famous in the folk (Δημοτικό) song "40 παλικάρια από την Ληβαδειά" (Forty lads from Livadhia)[6]
Historical population
Year Municipal district Municipality
1981 21,337 –
1991 22,429 26,432
2001 25,520 28,976

Famous people
Alexandros Papanastasiou.

Moralı Enişte Hasan Pasha (1658–1713) Ottoman vezier and general
Alexandros Papanastasiou (1876–1936) politician and sociologist, Prime Minister of Greece
Konstantinos Georgakopoulos (1890–1978) lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Greece
Kostas Karyotakis (1896–1928) poet
Stavros Tsiolis (1937) film director
Yiannis Kouros (1956) ultramarathon runner
Konstantinos Manetas (1879–1960) general and politician
Theodoros Manetas (1881–1947) general and politician
George Peponis medical practitioner, sports administrator and former captain of the Australian Rugby League team was born in the town in 1953.
Petros Tatoulis (1953) politician

International relations
Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece
Twin towns — sister cities

Tripoli, Greece is twinned with:

Lebanon Byblos, Lebanon

References

^ Transactions of the Philological Society 1934, p. 19-20
^ Nevill Forbes, et al., The Balkans full text
^ Theodoros Kolokotronis, Apomnimoneumata
^ John Hartley, Researches in Greece and the Levant p 341
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
^ http://www.vangelislyrics.com/vangelis-and-irene-papas-odes-english-translation-lyrics.htm#LES%2040%20BRAVES

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