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Tegea (Greek: Τεγέα) was a settlement in ancient Greece, and it is also a former municipality in Arcadia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Tripoli, of which it is a municipal unit.[1] Its seat was the village Stadio.

History

Ancient Tegea was an important religious center of ancient Greece,[2] containing the Temple of Athena Alea. The temenos was founded by Aleus, Pausanias was informed.[3] Votive bronzes at the site from the Geometric and Archaic periods take the forms of horses and deer; there are sealstones and fibulae. In the Archaic period the nine villages that underlie Tegea banded together in a synoecism to form one city.[4] Tegea was listed in Homer's Catalogue of Ships as one of the cities that contributed ships and men for the Achaean assault on Troy.

55 : Fragment of a votive relief. Doliana marble.

Tegea struggled against Spartan hegemony in Arcadia and was finally conquered ca 560 BCE. In the 4th century Tegea joined the Arcadian League and struggled to free itself from Sparta. The Temple of Athena Alea burned in 394 BC and was magnificently rebuilt, to designs by Scopas of Paros, with reliefs of the Calydonian boar hunt in the main pediment.[5] The city retained civic life under the Roman Empire; it was sacked in 395 by the Goths. Pausanias visited the city in the 2nd century CE. The "tombs" he saw there were shrines to the chthonic founding daemones: "There are also tombs of Tegeates, the son of Lykaon, and of Maira, the wife of Tegeates. They say Maira was a daughter of Atlas, and Homer makes mention of her in the passage where Odysseus tells to Alkinous his journey to Hades, and of those whose ghosts he beheld there."[6]

In the Middle Ages, the town was known as Nikli (Νίκλι) and the seat of a barony of the Principality of Achaea.

The site of ancient Tegea is now located within the modern town of Alea, which was referred to as Piali (not to be confused with Palaia Episkopi). Alea is located about 10 kilometers southeast of Tripoli. The municipality of Tegea has its seat at Stadio. The province of Megalopoli is bordered to the west and the province of Kynouria is bordered to the east.

Subdivisions

The municipal unit Tegea is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

Alea
Episkopi
Garea
Kamari
Kandalos
Kerasitsa, where the politician Gregoris Lambrakis was born in 1912
Lithovounia
Magoula (Magoula, Giokareika)
Manthyrea
Mavriki
Psili Vrysi (Psili Vrysi, Bouzaneika)
Rizes
Stadio (Stadio, Agios Sostis, Akra)
Tzivas
Vouno
Strigkos (Strigkos, Demiri)

Historical population
Year Population
1991 4,539
2001 3,858

Persons

Anyte of Tegea
Cepheus, mythical king and an Argonaut
Gregoris Lambrakis
Echemus
Telephus

See also

Communities of Arcadia

Notes

^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
^ "This sanctuary had been respected from early days by all the Peloponnesians, and afforded peculiar safety to its suppliants" (Pausanias, Description of Greece iii.5.6)
^ Description of Greece viii.4.8.
^ Compare the origin of Sparta.
^ The Calydonian boar and the head of Atalanta have been removed to the National Archaeological Museum of Athens
^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 8.48.6

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