Kosmas (Greek: Κοσμάς) is a village and a former community in Arcadia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality South Kynouria, of which it is a municipal unit. Its 2001 population was 591. Kosmas is located southeast of Tripoli, south of Argos, south of Tyros, 32 km south of Leonidio, 24 km from Skala and east of Sparta.
View of the church.
Much of the area are mountainous and are also barren and forested, farmlands are around the village.
Kosmas has a school and a facility as well as a church and a square. In the community features a library, folklore literature and a monument. It also has a church. Its houses are stone built, even as Kosmites reminds of its stone built buildings. In the center of the village includes the village church with a maple tree and a office square where it features baklava for its café. Its economy is based mainly on agricultural products.
In the area which is now known as Kosmas was the ancient city of Selinous and the temple of Apollo. Kosmas was first mentioned in 1592 in a scroll of metropolitan of Monemvasia Gennadios.
Historic sources features the running of the village of Kosmas especially during the Greek Revolution of 1821 and World War II's Greco-Italian War. The village was burnt by the Germans in 1944 and was ruined again during the Greek Civil War (1946-1949). The village was later rebuilt and later introduced electricity, pavement, automobiles and other necessities including TVs and later computers.
Outside the village is the monastery (Moni Eleonis) founded in the 16th century. It contains an icon of Panagia assumed to be the work of the Apostel Luke. The monastery is build on a side of a hill.
Division of the community
- Kosmas / Κ.δ. Κοσμά [ 591 ]
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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