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Main Injector Experiment for ν-A, or MINERνA, is a neutrino scattering experiment which uses the NuMI beamline at Fermilab. MINERνA seeks to measure low energy neutrino interactions both in support of neutrino oscillation experiments and also to study the strong dynamics of the nucleon and nucleus that affect these interactions.[1]

Status

The first detector module was completed in early 2006,[1] and the first events were observed by the partially assembled detector in April 2009.[2][3] Construction was completed in January, and the detector was installed in March 2010.[4][5]
Detector

The detector used for the MINERνA experiment weighs 5 tons[6] and is made of many layers of parallel scintillator strips. Each strip is connected to a photomultiplier tube which is used to detect the amount of energy deposited into the strip. The orientation of the strips varies from layer to layer so that three-dimensional information about where incoming particles interacted with the strip can be determined.
Neutrino communication

On March 14, 2012, MINERνA submitted a preprint demonstrating communication using neutrinos. Though not a part of the experiment's physics program, this is the first reported instance of a message being transmitted by neutrinos. Scientists used ASCII code to represent the word "neutrino" as a series of 1s and 0s. Over a period of 6 minutes, this sequence was delivered by either the presence (1) or absence (0) of a neutrino pulse, over a distance of about a kilometer. The data communication speed was 0.1 bit per second, with an error rate of 1%.[7][8][9]
References

MINERνA home page, retrieved 5 Oct 2007
Wisniewski, Rhianna (2009-04-03). "MINERvA opens eyes to neutrino data". Fermilab Today. Retrieved 2010-06-11.
"MINERvA Sees!". MINERvA at Fermilab. 2009-04-01. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-06-11.
"Intensity Frontier". Fermilab. 2010-03-24. Retrieved 2010-06-11.
"Status of the MINERvA detector construction". Fermilab. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
http://www.fnal.gov/pub/today/archive_2006/today06-02-15.html
"Message Encoded in Neutrino Beam Transmitted through Solid Rock" . Scientific American. 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
"Neutrino-based communication is a first". Physics World. 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2020-05-17.
Stancil, D. D.; Adamson, P.; Alania, M.; Aliaga, L.; Andrews, M.; Araujo Del Castillo, C.; Bagby, L.; Bazo Alba, J. L.; Bodek, A.; Boehnlein, D.; Bradford, R.; Brooks, W. K.; Budd, H.; Butkevich, A.; Caicedo, D. A. M.; Capista, D. P.; Castromonte, C. M.; Chamorro, A.; Charlton, E.; Christy, M. E.; Chvojka, J.; Conrow, P. D.; Danko, I.; Day, M.; Devan, J.; Downey, J. M.; Dytman, S. A.; Eberly, B.; Fein, J. R.; Felix, J.; et al. (2012-03-14). "Demonstration of Communication Using Neutrinos". Modern Physics Letters A. 27 (12): 1250077. arXiv:1203.2847. Bibcode:2012MPLA...2750077S. doi:10.1142/S0217732312500770.

vte

Neutrino detectors, experiments, and facilities
Discoveries

Cowan–Reines ( νe ) Lederman–Schwartz–Steinberger ( νμ) DONUT ( ντ) Neutrino oscillation SN 1987 neutrino burst

Operating
(divided by primary neutrino source)
Astronomical

ANITA ANTARES ASD BDUNT Borexino BUST HALO IceCube LVD NEVOD SAGE Super-Kamiokande SNEWS

Reactor

Daya Bay Double Chooz KamLAND RENO STEREO

Accelerator

ANNIE ICARUS (Fermilab) MicroBooNE MINERνA MiniBooNE NA61/SHINE NOνA NuMI T2K

0νββ

AMoRE COBRA CUORE EXO GERDA KamLAND-Zen MAJORANA NEXT PandaX SNO+ XMASS

Other

KATRIN WITCH

Construction

ARA ARIANNA Baikal-GVD BEST DUNE Hyper-Kamiokande JUNO KM3NeT SuperNEMO FASERν

Retired

AMANDA CDHS Chooz CNGS Cuoricino DONUT ERPM GALLEX Gargamelle GNO Heidelberg-Moscow Homestake ICARUS IGEX IMB K2K Kamiokande KARMEN KGF LSND MACRO MINOS MINOS+ NARC NEMO OPERA RICE SciBooNE SNO Soudan 2 Utah

Proposed

CUPID GRAND INO LAGUNA LEGEND LENA Neutrino Factory nEXO Nucifer SBND UNO JEM-EUSO WATCHMAN

Cancelled

DUMAND Project Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment NEMO Project NESTOR Project SOX BOREX

See also

BNO (Baksan or Baxan Neutrino Observatory) Kamioka Observatory LNGS SNOLAB List of neutrino experiments

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