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Kilkis (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Κιλκίς) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Macedonia. Its capital is the city of Kilkis.

Kilkis (regional unit)

(Seat: Κιλκίς, το, Ιστορική Seat: Νέα Σάντα, η)
09 80.419

Municipality Kilkis

(Seat: Κιλκίς, το)
0901 51.926
Municipal unit Gallikos 090102 6.343
Community Gallikos 09010202 969
Gallikos (Γαλλικός, ο) 0901020201 969
Community Kampanis 09010201 1.208
Kampanis (Καμπάνης, ο) 0901020101 1.170
Mylos (Μύλος, ο) 0901020102 38
Community Mandres 09010203 475
Mandres (Μάνδραι, αι) 0901020301 475
Community Nea Santa 09010204 2.144
Nea Santa (Νέα Σάντα, η) 0901020401 1.693
Panteleimon (Παντελεήμων, ο) 0901020402 451
Community Pedino 09010205 839
Pedino (Πεδινό, το) 0901020501 817
Perinthos (Πέρινθος, η) 0901020502 22
Community Chrysopetra 09010206 708
Laodikino (Λαοδικηνό, το) 0901020602 186
Peristeri (Περιστέρι, το) 0901020603 150
Pyrgotos (Πυργωτός, ο) 0901020604 163
Fanari (Φανάρι, το) 0901020605 96
Chrysopetra (Χρυσόπετρα, η) 0901020601 113
Municipal unit Doirani 090103 1.404
Community Akritas 09010302 149
Akritas (Ακρίτας, ο) 0901030201 149
Community Amaranta 09010303 353
Άγιος Χαράλαμπος, ο 0901030302 97
Amaranta (Αμάραντα, τα) 0901030301 256
Community Drosato 09010301 902
Δοϊράνη, η 0901030101 83
Drosato (Δροσάτον, το) 0901030102 713
Κορυφή, η 0901030103 106
Municipal unit Kilkis 090101 28.745
Municipal Community Kilkis 09010101 24.274
Αργυρούπολις, η 0901010102 423
Zacharato (Ζαχαράτον, το) 0901010103 196
Kilkis (Κιλκίς, το) 0901010101 22.914
Κολχίς, η 0901010104 81
Metalliko (Μεταλλικό, το) 0901010105 386
Ξηρόβρυση, η 0901010106 171
Sevasto (Σεβαστό, το) 0901010107 103
Community Vaptistis 09010102 344
Vaptistis (Βαπτιστής, ο) 0901010201 330
Kyriakaiika (Κυριακαίικα, τα) 0901010202 14
Community Kastanies 09010103 430
Kastanies (Καστανέαι, αι) 0901010301 430
Community Kristoni 09010104 988
Kristoni (Κρηστώνη, η) 0901010401 988
Community Leipsydrio 09010105 304
Akropotamia (Ακροποταμιά, η) 0901010502 128
Ano Potamia (Άνω Ποταμιά, η) 0901010503 62
Kato Potamia (Κάτω Ποταμιά, η) 0901010504 63
Leipsydrio (Λειψύδριο, το) 0901010501 51
Community Megali Vrysi 09010106 492
Megali Vrysi (Μεγάλη Βρύση, η) 0901010601 492
Community Melanthio 09010107 123
Melanthio (Μελάνθιο, το) 0901010701 123
Community Mesiano 09010108 724
Dafnochori (Δαφνοχώρι, το) 0901010802 43
Leventochori (Λεβεντοχώρι, το) 0901010803 273
Mesiano (Μεσιανό, το) 0901010801 128
Palaio Gynaikokastro (Παλαιόν Γυναικόκαστρον, το) 0901010804 280
Stavrochori 09010109 398
Stavrochori (Σταυροχώρι, το) 0901010901 398
Community Chorygi 09010110 668
Chorygi (Χωρύγι, το) 0901011001 668
Municipal unit Kroussoi 090104 4.638
Community Agios Markos 09010402 169
Agios Antonios (Άγιος Αντώνιος, ο) 0901040202 101
Agios Markos (Άγιος Μάρκος, ο) 0901040201 68
Community Anavryto 09010403 99
Anavryto (Αναβρυτό, το) 0901040301 85
Plagiochori (Πλαγιοχώρι, το) 0901040302 14
Community Antigoneia 09010404 288
Antigoneia (Αντιγόνεια, η) 0901040401 109
Gavra (Γάβρα, η) 0901040402 69
Μονολίθι, το 0901040403 31
Mylochori (Μυλοχώρι, το) 0901040404 79
Community Vathi 09010405 309
Vathi (Βάθη, η) 0901040501 309
Community Gerakari 09010406 210
Gerakari (Γερακάριο, το) 0901040601 168
Palatiano (Παλατιανό, το) 0901040602 42
Community Elliniko 09010407 114
Elliniko (Ελληνικό, το) 0901040701 114
Community Eptalofos 09010408 360
Eptalofos (Επτάλοφος, ο) 0901040801 360
Community Efkarpia 09010409 514
Efkarpia (Ευκαρπία, η) 0901040901 514
Community Theodosia 09010410 229
Theodosia (Θεοδόσια, τα) 0901041001 229
Community Isoma 09010411 293
Isoma (Ίσωμα, το) 0901041101 207
Rizana (Ριζανά, τα) 0901041102 86
Community Kato Theodoraki 09010412 150
Ano Theodoraki (Άνω Θεοδωράκι, το) 0901041202 53
Kato Theodoraki (Κάτω Θεοδωράκι, το) 0901041201 97
Community Kentriko 09010413 283
Kentriko (Κεντρικό, το) 0901041301 228
Mavroplagia (Μαυροπλαγιά, η) 0901041302 45
Πετράδες, οι 0901041303 10
Community Koiladi 09010414 258
Kalolivado (Καλολίβαδον, το) 0901041402 12
Koiladi (Κοιλάδι, το) 0901041401 91
Cheimadio (Χειμαδιό, το) 0901041403 155
Community Kokkinia 09010415 136
Kokkinia (Κοκκινιά, η) 0901041501 73
Melissourgio (Μελισσουργείον, το) 0901041502 63
Community Koronouda 09010416 145
Koronouda (Κορωνούδα, η) 0901041601 145
Community Pontokerasea 09010417 133
Παρόχθιο, το 0901041702 50
Pontokerasea (Ποντοκερασέα, η) 0901041701 83
Community Terpyllos 09010401 692
Dipotamos (Διπόταμος, ο) 0901040102 141
Metaxochori (Μεταξοχώρι, το) 0901040103 68
Terpyllos (Τέρπυλλος, η) 0901040101 483
Community Tripotamos 09010418 54
Divouno (Δίβουνο, το) 0901041801 46
Tripotamos (Τριπόταμος, ο) 0901041802 8
Community Fyska 09010419 202
Κατασκηνώσεις, αι 0901041902 0
Spourgitis (Σπουργίτης, ο) 0901041903 50
Fyska (Φύσκα, η) 0901041901 152
Municipal unit Mouries 090105 2.725
Community Agia Paraskevi 09010502 180
Agia Paraskevi (Αγία Παρασκευή, η) 0901050201 180
Community Mouries 09010503 604
Kavallaris (Καβαλλάρης, ο) 0901050302 33
Mouries (Μουριαί, αι) 0901050301 555
Παλαιό Λιθωτό, το 0901050303 16
Community Myriofyto 09010504 758
Kallirroi (Καλλιρρόη, η) 0901050402 40
Myriofyto (Μυριόφυτον, το) 0901050401 677
Neo Myriofyto (Νέον Μυριόφυτον , το) 0901050403 41
Community Stathmos Mourion 09010501 1.183
Alexandra (Αλεξάνδρα, η) 0901050102 143
Σταθμός Μουριών, ο 0901050101 1.040
Municipal unit Pikrolimni 090106 5.442
Community Anthofyto 09010602 272
Anthofyto (Ανθόφυτον, το) 0901060201 272
Community Mavroneri 09010603 915
Ano Apostoloi (Άνω Απόστολοι, οι) 0901060302 267
Mavroneri (Μαυρονέρι, το) 0901060301 535
Mesoi Apostoloi (Μέσοι Απόστολοι, οι) 0901060303 113
Community Mikrokampos 09010601 731
Mikrokampos (Μικρόκαμπος, ο) 0901060101 731
Community Neo Agioneri 09010604 1.176
Neo Agioneri (Νέον Αγιονέρι, το) 0901060401 1.176
Community Neo Gynaikokastro 09010605 1.050
Βακούφι, το 0901060502 16
Kato Apostoloi (Κάτω Απόστολοι, οι) 0901060503 408
Kokartza (Κοκάρτζα, η) 0901060504 48
Neo Gynaikokastro (Νέον Γυναικόκαστρον, το) 0901060501 578
Community Xylokeratea 09010606 412
Μπακαίικα, τα 0901060602 25
Xylokeratea (Ξυλοκερατέα, η) 0901060601 273
Pikrolimni (Πικρολίμνη, η) 0901060603 114
Community Palaio Agioneri 09010607 886
Palaio Agioneri (Παλαιόν Αγιονέρι, το) 0901060701 886
Municipal unit Cherso 090107 2.629
Community Iliolousto 09010702 328
Iliolousto (Ηλιόλουστον, το) 0901070201 328
Community Megali Sterna 09010703 362
Megali Sterna (Μεγάλη Στέρνα, η) 0901070301 312
Michalitsi (Μιχαλίτσι, το) 0901070302 14
Σουλτογιανναίικα, τα 0901070303 36
Community Plagia 09010704 866
Agia Kyriaki (Αγία Κυριακή, η) 0901070402 108
Κορομηλέα, η 0901070403 370
Plagia (Πλαγιά, η) 0901070401 388
Community Cherso 09010701 1.073
Eleftherochori (Ελευθεροχώρι, το) 0901070102 126
Iliofoto (Ηλιόφωτον, το) 0901070103 24
Kalindria (Καλίνδρια, η) 0901070104 109
Cherso (Χέρσο, το) 0901070101 814

Municipality Paionia

(Seat: Πολύκαστρο, το, Historic Seat: Γουμένισσα, η)
0902 28.493
Municipal unit Axioupoli 090202 5.619
Municipal Community Axioupoli 09020201 3.049
Axioupoli (Αξιούπολη, η) 0902020101 2.897
Pigi (Πηγή, η) 0902020102 152
Community Gorgopi 09020202 872
Gorgopi (Γοργόπη, η) 0902020201 872
Community Eidomeni 09020203 309
Doganis (Δογάνης, ο) 0902020302 38
Eidomeni (Ειδομένη, η) 0902020301 154
Chamilo (Χαμηλό, το) 0902020303 117
Community Plagia 09020204 224
Plagia (Πλάγια, τα) 0902020401 224
Community Ryzia 09020205 780
Valtotopi (Βαλτοτόπι, το) 0902020502 215
Kampochori (Καμποχώρι, το) 0902020503 176
Ryzia (Ρύζια, τα) 0902020501 389
Community Skra 09020206 234
Koupa (Κούπα, η) 0902020602 47
Skra (Σκρα, το) 0902020601 187
Community Fanos 09020207 151
Fanos (Φανός, ο) 0902020701 151
Municipal unit Goumenissa 090203 6.130
Municipal Community Goumenissa 09020301 3.609
Goumenissa (Γουμένισσα, η) 0902030101 3.609
Community Griva 09020302 770
Griva (Γρίβα, η) 0902030201 770
Community Karpi 09020303 369
Karpi (Κάρπη, η) 0902030301 369
Community Kastaneri 09020304 180
Kastaneri (Καστανερή, η) 0902030401 180
Community Pentalofo 09020305 324
Omalo (Ομαλό, το) 0902030502 121
Πεντάλοφον, το 0902030501 203
Community Stathis 09020306 398
Stathis (Στάθης, ο) 0902030601 398
Community Filyria 09020307 480
Gerakonas (Γερακών, ο) 0902030702 234
Filyria (Φιλυριά, η) 0902030701 246
Municipal unit Evropos 090204 4.518
Municipal Community Evropos 09020401 1.734
Evropos (Ευρωπός, ο) 0902040101 1.734
Community Agios Petros 09020402 1.505
Agios Petros (Άγιος Πέτρος, ο) 0902040201 1.505
Community Mesia 09020403 226
Mesia (Μεσιά, η) 0902040301 226
Community Polypetro 09020404 425
Polypetro (Πολύπετρον, το) 0902040401 425
Community Toumpa 09020405 628
Toumba (Τούμπα, η) 0902040501 628
Municipal unit Livadia 090205 404
Community Livadia 09020501 404
Livadia (Λιβάδια, τα) 0902050101 404
Municipal unit Polykastro 090201 11.822
Municipal Community Polykastro 09020101 7.065
Koulinaiika (Κουλιναίικα, τα) 0902010102 0
Λατομείον, το 0902010103 1
Polykastro (Πολύκαστρο, το) 0902010101 7.064
Community Axiochori 09020102 313
Axiochori (Αξιοχώρι, το) 0902010201 303
Νέον Σιράκιο, το 0902010202 10
Community Aspros 09020103 774
Aspros (Άσπρος, ο) 0902010301 774
Community Vafeiochori 09020104 687
Valtoudi (Βαλτούδι, το) 0902010402 27
Vafeiochori (Βαφειοχώρι, το) 0902010401 603
Kotyli (Κοτύλη, το) 0902010403 16
Xirolakkos (Ξηρόλακκος, ο) 0902010404 18
Chersotopi (Χερσοτόπι, το) 0902010405 23
Community Eiriniko 09020105 63
Eiriniko (Ειρηνικό, το) 0902010501 63
Community Evzonoi 09020106 919
Evzonoi (Εύζωνοι, οι) 0902010601 331
Metamorfosi (Μεταμόρφωσις, η) 0902010602 206
Platania (Πλατανιά, η) 0902010603 382
Tsoliades (Τσολιάδες, οι) 0902010604 0
Community Korona 09020107 44
Korona (Κορώνα, η) 0902010701 44
Community Limnotopos 09020108 280
Limnotopos (Λιμνότοπος, ο) 0902010801 58
Nea Kavala (Νέα Καβάλα, η) 0902010802 140
Sitaria (Σιταριά, η) 0902010803 82
Chrysokampos (Χρυσόκαμπος, ο) 0902010804 0
Community Mikro Dasos 09020109 400
Mikro Dasos (Μικρόν Δάσος, το) 0902010901 400
Community Pefkodasos 09020110 577
Pefkodasos (Πευκοδάσος, το) 0902011001 577
Community Pontoirakleia 09020111 700
Kastro (Κάστρον, το) 0902011102 8
Pontoirakleia (Ποντοηράκλεια, η) 0902011101 692



Geography

The geography of the regional unit of Kilkis is characterized by the wide and flat Axios river valley in the westcentral part, and mountain ranges on its western and northeastern edges. The mountain range in the west, on the border with Pella regional unit, is Mount Paiko (highest peak 1,650 m or 5,413 ft). In the north, the Kerkini range straddles the border with the Republic of Macedonia. At 1,874 m or 6,148 ft the highest peak in Kilkis regional unit is located here. The border with Serres regional unit to the northeast is formed by the lower Kroussia range (highest peak 1,179 m or 3,868 ft). Lake Doirani is situated in the north, shared with the Republic of Macedonia. Kilkis borders the Thessaloniki regional unit to the south.

The climate of the Kilkis regional unit is humid continental in the north, and humid subtropical in the lower regions.
History

The area of the modern regional unit was part of the Kingdom of Macedonia from the 8th century BC until the Third Macedonian War (171 BC - 168 BC), when it became a part of the Roman Empire. At the division of the Roman Empire in 395 AD, the area joined the eastern part, later known as the Byzantine Empire. Between the 7th century and the 11th century, it changed hands between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire repeatedly. In the 13th and 14th century Western Europeans and Serbs briefly ruled the area. The Ottoman Empire conquered the area in 1371, and ruled it until the First Balkan War of 1912. In the Second Balkan War of 1913, the Greek army captured the area, which became part of Greece. It absorbed many of the Greeks from Northern Macedonia (now the Rep. of Macedonia), especially from Gevgeli, Vogdantsa, Polyane and Stromnitsa.[1]

In the aftermath of the Balkan Wars, World War I and the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) most of the Turkish and Bulgarian population of Kilkis emigrated, and many Greeks from Bulgaria and Turkey settled in the area, as prescribed by the Treaty of Lausanne. In fact, a very large segment of the population of Kilkis regional unit are in origin Caucasus Greeks (that is, Eastern Pontic Greeks) from the former Russian Imperial province of Kars Oblast in the South Caucasus. They left their homeland in the South Caucasus for Kilkis and other parts of Greek Macedonia, as well as southern Russia and Georgia, between 1919 and 1921, that is, between the main Greece-Turkey population exchange and Russia's cession of the Kars region back to Turkey as part of the Treaty of Brest Litovsk.

Until 1939, when created into a separate prefecture, the area was part of the Thessaloniki Prefecture.[2] At the 2011 Kallikratis reform, the Kilkis Prefecture became a regional unit.
Sites of interest

Archaeological Museum of Kilkis
Saint George's Cave in Kilkis
Folklore Museum of Goumenissa
Giapatzis' Medieval Watermill in Goumenissa
Natural History Museum in Axioupoli
Kilkis War Museum
World War I museum in Skra, dedicated to the Battle of Skra-di-Legen
Galazia limni (blue lagoon) with waterfalls, near Koupa
Metalliou lake, near Pigi
The picturesque villages of Paiko with Macedonian architecture, Goumenissa, Griva, Kastaneri and Karpi
''Thermal Mud Therapy Spa Centre" of Pikrolimni lake, near Xylokeratia
The mountainous massif of Kroussia
The mountainous massif of Paiko
The mountainous massif of Kerkini (Beles)
Chilia Dentra (A Thousand Trees) in Mouries, a perennial forest of oaks and ash trees beside Doirani lake
Doirani village, with fish taverns near lakeshore
The archaeological site of ancient Ioron near Palatiano
The archaeological site of Evropos
The Monastery of Saints Rafael, Nicolaos and Irene, near Griva
The Monastery of Nicodemus the Hagiorite, near Pentalofos

Transport

The Motorway 1 (E75, Skopje - Polykastro - Thessaloniki - Athens) runs through the regional unit from north to south. Two railways pass through the regional unit: from Thessaloniki to Skopje via Polykastro and Eidomeni, and from Thessaloniki to Sofia, Istanbul and Alexandroupoli via Kilkis and Mouries.
Administration

The regional unit Kilkis is subdivided into 2 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[3]

Paionia (2)
Kilkis (1)

Prefecture

As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the former Kilkis Prefecture (Greek: Νομός Κιλκίς) was transformed into a regional unit within the Central Macedonia region, without any change in boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[3]
New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Kilkis Kilkis Kilkis
Gallikos
Doirani
Kroussa
Mouries
Pikrolimni
Cherso
Paionia Axioupoli Polykastro
Goumenissa
Evropos
Livadia
Polykastro
Provinces

Province of Kilkis
Province of Peοnia - Goumenissa

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
See also

List of settlements in the Kilkis regional unit

References

[in Greek: "Trapped...the Greeks of Skopje", Dimitrios Alexandrou, Erodios, Thessaloniki 2008]
Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative subdivisions of countries: a comprehensive world reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3.
"Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).

Regional units of Greece
Attica North AthensSouth AthensWest AthensCentral AthensIslandsEast AtticaPeiraiasWest Attica
Epirus ArtaIoanninaPrevezaThesprotia
Ionian Islands IthakiKefaloniaKerkyraLefkadaZakynthos
Crete ChaniaHeraklionLasithiRethymno
Central Greece VoiotiaEvoiaEvrytaniaFokidaFthiotida
North Aegean ChiosIkariaLesvosLimnosSamos
East Macedonia and Thrace DramaEvrosKavalaRhodopiThasosXanthi
Peloponnese ArgolidaArkadiaKorinthiaLakoniaMessinia
South Aegean AndrosKalymnosKarpathosKea-KythnosKosMilosMykonosNaxosParosRhodosSyrosThiraTinos
Thessaly KarditsaLarissaMagnisiaSporadesTrikala
West Greece AitoloakarnaniaAchaiaIlia
West Macedonia FlorinaGrevenaKastoriaKozani
Central Macedonia ChalkidikiImathiaKilkisPellaPieriaSerresThessaloniki

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