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Xanthi (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Ξάνθης) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of East Macedonia and Thrace. The capital is Xanthi. Together with the regional units Rhodope and Evros, it forms the geographical region of Western Thrace.

Xanthi (regional unit)

(Seat: Ξάνθη, η)
06 111.222

Municipality Avdira

(Seat: Γενισέα, η , Historic Seat: Άβδηρα)
0602 19.005
Municipal unit Avdira 060202 3.341
Community Avdira 06020201 1.473
Avdira (Άβδηρα, τα) 0602020101 1.090
Gkiona (Γκιώνα, η) 0602020102 129
Lefkippos (Λεύκιππος, ο) 0602020103 77
Παιδικές Κατασκηνώσεις, αι 0602020104 0
Pezoula (Πεζούλα, η) 0602020105 103
Σκάλα Αβδήρων, η 0602020106 74
Community Mandra 06020202 506
Mandra (Μάνδρα, η) 0602020201 506
Community Myrodato 06020203 492
Erodios (Ερωδιός, ο) 0602020302 16
Myrodato (Μυρωδάτο, το) 0602020301 476
Community Nea Kessani 06020204 870
Λάγος, ο 0602020402 339
Λουτρά Ποταμιάς, τα 0602020403 0
Nea Kessani (Νέα Κεσσάνη, η) 0602020401 418
Potamia (Ποταμιά, η) 0602020404 113
Municipal unit Vistonida 060201 10.435
Municipal Community Genisea 06020101 2.185
Vafaiika (Βαφαίικα, τα) 0602010102 712
Genisea (Γενισέα, η) 0602010101 1.473
Municipal Community Diomideia 06020102 4.421
Αυξεντίου, ο 0602010202 264
Diomideia (Διομήδεια, η) 0602010201 739
Neos Zygos (Νέος Ζυγός, ο) 0602010203 395
Παλαιόν Κατράμιο, το 0602010204 631
Palaios Zygos (Παλαιός Ζυγός, ο) 0602010205 665
Peteinos (Πετεινός, ο) 0602010206 1.118
Feloni (Φελώνη, η) 0602010207 609
Community Koutso 06020103 749
Koutso (Κουτσόν, το) 0602010301 390
Sydini (Συδινή, η) 0602010302 359
Community Magiko 06020104 856
Alkyoni (Αλκυόνη, η) 0602010402 245
Magiko (Μαγικόν, το) 0602010401 611
Community Pigadia 06020105 511
Pigadia (Πηγάδια, τα) 0602010501 511
Community Polysitos 06020106 403
Polysitos (Πολύσιτος, ο) 0602010601 403
Community Selino 06020107 292
Selino (Σέλινο, το) 0602010701 292
Community Sounio 06020108 1.018
Sounio (Σούνιο, το) 0602010801 1.018
Municipal unit Selero 060203 5.229
Municipal Community Selero 06020301 5.229
Akarpo (Άκαρπο, το) 0602030102 298
Ano Polysito (Άνω Πολύσιτο, το) 0602030103 36
Velochori (Βελοχώρι, το) 0602030104 225
Grigoro (Γρήγορο, το) 0602030105 235
Lefkopetra (Λευκόπετρα, η) 0602030106 700
Rymi (Ρύμη, η) 0602030107 6
Selero (Σέλερο, το) 0602030101 2.059
Simantra (Σήμαντρα, τα) 0602030108 809
Filia (Φίλια, τα) 0602030109 861

Municipality Myki

(Seat: Σμίνθη, η)
0603 15.540
Municipal unit Thermes 060302 812
Community Thermes 06030201 812
Άνω Θέρμαι, αι 0603020102 332
Diasparto (Διάσπαρτο, το) 0603020103 39
Θέρμαι, αι 0603020101 117
Ιαματικές Πηγές, αι 0603020104 5
Κίδαρις, η 0603020105 28
Kottani (Κοττάνη, η) 0603020106 23
Medousa (Μέδουσα, η) 0603020107 195
Μέσαι Θέρμαι, αι 0603020108 73
Municipal unit Kotyli 060303 2.158
Municipal Community Kotyli 06030301 2.158
Aimonio (Αιμόνιο, το) 0603030102 75
Δημάριο, το 0603030103 623
Kotyli (Κοτύλη, η) 0603030101 429
Πάχνη, η 0603030104 1.031
Municipal unit Myki 060301 12.087
Municipal Community Echinos 06030102 3.074
Echinos (Εχίνος) 0603010201 2.486
Melivoia (Μελίβοια, η) 0603010202 588
Municipal Community Myki 06030101 8.051
Aiora (Αιώρα, η) 0603010102 268
Alma (Άλμα, το) 0603010103 321
Άνω Ζουμπούλιο, το 0603010104 49
Ano Kirra (Άνω Κίρρα, η) 0603010105 34
Achladia (Αχλαδιά, η) 0603010106 0
Glafki (Γλαύκη, η) 0603010107 1.447
Gorgona (Γοργόνα, η) 0603010108 217
Diaforo (Διάφορο, το) 0603010109 39
Zoumpouli (Ζουμπούλιο, το) 0603010110 109
Kapnoanthos (Καπνόανθος, ο) 0603010111 0
Kentavros (Κένταυρος, ο) 0603010112 2.580
Kirra (Κίρρα, η) 0603010113 170
Koryfi (Κορυφή, η) 0603010114 10
Kotino (Κότινο, το) 0603010115 80
Koutsomytis (Κουτσομύτης, ο) 0603010116 145
Krania (Κρανιά, η) 0603010117 0
Mantaina (Μάνταινα, η) 0603010118 276
Myki (Μύκη, η) 0603010119 1.313
Oasi (Όασις, η) 0603010120 96
Paneri (Πανέριο, το) 0603010121 2
Prosilio (Προσήλιο, το) 0603010122 142
Pyrgos (Πύργος, ο) 0603010123 28
Rachi (Ράχη, η) 0603010124 0
Siroko (Σιρόκο, το) 0603010125 100
Sminthi (Σμίνθη, η) 0603010101 277
Soula (Σούλα, η) 0603010126 68
Stirigma (Στήριγμα, το) 0603010127 69
Trigono (Τρίγωνο, το) 0603010128 71
Chryso (Χρυσόν, το) 0603010129 140
Community Oraio 06030103 962
Vasilochori (Βασιλοχώρι, το) 0603010302 0
Theotokos (Θεοτόκος, η) 0603010303 26
Kyknos (Κύκνος, ο) 0603010304 206
Revma (Ρεύμα, το) 0603010305 148
Stamati (Σταμάτιο, το) 0603010306 6
Oraio (Ωραίο, το) 0603010301 576
Municipal unit Satres 060304 483
Community Satres 06030401 483
Akraios (Ακραίος, ο) 0603040102 2
Gidotopos (Γιδότοπος, ο) 0603040103 15
Δουργούτιο, το 0603040104 3
Kalotycho (Καλότυχο, το) 0603040105 31
Lykotopos (Λυκότοπος, ο) 0603040106 3
Polyskio (Πολύσκιο, το) 0603040107 3
Potamochori (Ποταμοχώρι, το) 0603040108 58
Ρεματιά, η 0603040109 4
Satres (Σάτραι, αι) 0603040101 189
Temenos (Τέμενος, το) 0603040110 171
Tsalapeteinos (Τσαλαπετεινός, ο) 0603040111 4

Municipality Xanthi

(Seat: Ξάνθη, η)
0601 65.133
Municipal unit Xanthi 060101 63.083
Municipal Community Evmoiro 06010102 3.034
Evmoiro (Εύμοιρο, το) 0601010201 1.272
Lamprino (Λαμπρινόν, το) 0601010202 44
Lefki (Λεύκη, η) 0601010203 358
Nea Morsini (Νέα Μορσίνη, η) 0601010204 220
Palaia Morsini (Παλαιά Μορσίνη, η) 0601010205 230
Petrochori (Πετροχώρι, το) 0601010206 910
Municipal Community Kimmeria 06010103 3.898
Anthiro (Ανθηρόν, το) 0601010302 0
Askyra (Άσκυρα, τα) 0601010303 0
Eranos (Έρανος, ο) 0601010304 0
Ketiki (Κετίκιο, το) 0601010305 8
Kimmeria (Κιμμέρια, τα) 0601010301 3.644
Livadi (Λιβάδιο, το) 0601010306 3
Panepistimioupoli (Πανεπιστημιούπολη, η) 0601010307 226
Pelekito (Πελεκητόν, το) 0601010308 15
Porta (Πόρτα, η) 0601010309 0
Prioni (Πριόνι, το) 0601010310 2
Municipal Community Xanthi 06010101 56.151
Μονή Καλαμούς, η 0601010102 2
Μονή Ταξιαρχών, η 0601010103 27
Xanthi (Ξάνθη, η) 0601010101 56.122
Municipal unit Stavroupoli 060102 2.050
Community Gerakas 06010202 297
Gerakas (Γέρακας, ο) 0601020201 31
Isaia (Ισαία, η) 0601020202 111
Megalo Evmoiro (Μέγα Εύμοιρο, το) 0601020203 66
Orestini (Ορεστινή, η) 0601020204 4
Pilima (Πίλημα, το) 0601020205 85
Community Dafnonas 06010203 290
Dafnonas (Δαφνών, ο) 0601020301 290
Community Karyofyto 06010204 179
Ano Karyofyto (Άνω Καρυόφυτο, το) 0601020401 105
Kastanitis (Καστανίτης, ο) 0601020402 14
Kato Karyofyto (Κάτω Καρυόφυτο, το) 0601020403 48
Leivaditis (Λειβαδίτης, ο) 0601020404 12
Community Komnina 06010205 261
Komnina (Κομνηνά, τα) 0601020501 261
Community Neochori 06010206 319
Ioniko (Ιωνικόν, το) 0601020601 45
Kalyva (Καλύβα, η) 0601020602 0
Kato Ioniko (Κάτω Ιωνικόν, το) 0601020603 44
Neochori (Νεοχώρι, το) 0601020604 181
Stavrochori (Σταυροχώρι, το) 0601020605 49
Community Paschalia 06010207 130
Drymia (Δρυμιά, η) 0601020702 22
Paschalia (Πασχαλιά, η) 0601020701 80
Chalepi (Χαλέπι, το) 0601020703 28
Community Stavroupoli 06010201 574
Dasiko Chorio (Δασικό Χωριό, το) 0601020102 0
Kallithea (Καλλιθέα, η) 0601020103 4
Lykodromio (Λυκοδρόμιο, το) 0601020104 33
Margariti (Μαργαρίτιο, το) 0601020105 1
Stavroupoli (Σταυρούπολις, η) 0601020101 536

Municipality Topeiros

(Seat: Εύλαλο, το)
0604 11.544
Municipal Community Evlalo 06040001 4.985
Dekarcho (Δέκαρχο, το) 0604000102 734
Evlalo (Εύλαλο, το) 0604000101 922
Iliokentima (Ηλιοκέντημα, το) 0604000103 1.405
Kremasti (Κρεμαστή, η) 0604000104 382
Kyrnos (Κύρνος, ο) 0604000105 852
Mikrochori (Μικροχώρι, το) 0604000106 264
Orfano (Ορφανόν, το) 0604000107 317
Palaio Olvio (Παλαιόν Όλβιο, το) 0604000108 109
Municipal Community Toxotes 06040008 1.845
Agios Athanasios (Άγιος Αθανάσιος, ο) 0604000802 239
Thalassia (Θαλασσιά, η) 0604000803 304
Kosmiti (Κοσμητή, η) 0604000804 51
Mega Tympano Μέγα Τύμπανο, το) 0604000805 299
Mikro Tympano (Μικρόν Τύμπανο, το) 0604000806 62
Poimni (Ποίμνη, η) 0604000807 44
Semeli (Σεμέλη, η) 0604000808 27
Toxotes (Τοξόται, οι) 0604000801 819
Community Avato 06040002 1.078
Avato (Άβατο, το) 0604000201 1.078
Community Galani 06040003 108
Galani (Γαλάνη, η) 0604000301 108
Community Exochi 06040004 1.295
Vaniano (Βανιάνο, το) 0604000402 166
Gkizela (Γκιζέλα, η) 0604000403 184
Dafni (Δάφνη, η) 0604000404 43
Exochi (Εξοχή, η) 0604000401 86
Kossos (Κοσσός, ο) 0604000405 73
Kypseli (Κυψέλη, η) 0604000406 210
Melissa (Μέλισσα, η) 0604000407 345
Nea Amisos (Νέα Αμισός, η) 0604000408 188
Community Erasmio 06040005 1.268
Dasochori (Δασοχώρι, το) 0604000502 112
Neo Erasmio (Νέο Εράσμιο, το) 0604000501 865
Palaio Erasmio (Παλαιόν Εράσμιο, το) 0604000503 291
Ραδιοσταθμός, ο 0604000504 0
Community Mangana 06040006 635
Mangana (Μάγγανα, τα) 0604000601 635
Community Olvio 06040007 330
Olvio (Όλβιο, το) 0604000701 330

Geography

Xanthi borders the Bulgarian provinces of Smolyan and Kardzhali to the north, and the Aegean Sea to the south. The regional unit of Kavala lies to the west, Drama to the northwest and Rhodope to the east. The Rhodope Mountains cover the northern part of the regional unit. The highest point is Koula, at 1,827m.

The coastal area has a predominantly Mediterranean climate, whereas the northern mountainous part has a colder continental climate.
Administration

The regional unit Xanthi is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[1]

Abdera (Avdira, 2)
Myki (3)
Topeiros (4)
Xanthi (1)

Prefecture

Xanthi was established as a prefecture in 1944 (Greek: Νομός Ξάνθης), when it was split off from the Rhodope Prefecture. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the East Macedonia and Thrace region, with no change in its boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[1]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Abdera (Avdira) Abdera Genisea
Vistonida
Selero
Myki Myki Sminthi
Thermes
Kotyli
Satres
Topeiros Topeiros Evlalo
Xanthi Xanthi Xanthi
Stavroupoli


Transport

GR-2/E90, Via Egnatia, old and new, SW, Cen., S, SE
GR-12/E90, W, Cen.
GR-55

Culture

The remains of the ancient city of Abdera have been excavated. Subterranean Macedonian tombs from the 2nd century BC have been discovered in Komnina. There is a Byzantine castle near the old town of Xanthi. During the 19th century, local tobacco production and commerce developed rapidly. The manors of the old city Xanthi, many of which are still intact, testify to the prosperity of the tobacco merchants during this period.
See also

List of settlements in the Xanthi regional unit
Slavic toponyms of places in Xanthi Prefecture

References

"Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).

Regional units of Greece
Attica North AthensSouth AthensWest AthensCentral AthensIslandsEast AtticaPeiraiasWest Attica
Epirus ArtaIoanninaPrevezaThesprotia
Ionian Islands IthakiKefaloniaKerkyraLefkadaZakynthos
Crete ChaniaHeraklionLasithiRethymno
Central Greece VoiotiaEvoiaEvrytaniaFokidaFthiotida
North Aegean ChiosIkariaLesvosLimnosSamos
East Macedonia and Thrace DramaEvrosKavalaRhodopiThasosXanthi
Peloponnese ArgolidaArkadiaKorinthiaLakoniaMessinia
South Aegean AndrosKalymnosKarpathosKea-KythnosKosMilosMykonosNaxosParosRhodosSyrosThiraTinos
Thessaly KarditsaLarissaMagnisiaSporadesTrikala
West Greece AitoloakarnaniaAchaiaIlia
West Macedonia FlorinaGrevenaKastoriaKozani
Central Macedonia ChalkidikiImathiaKilkisPellaPieriaSerresThessaloniki

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