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Pieria (Greek: Πιερία) is one of the regional units of Greece located in the southern part of the Region of Central Macedonia, within the historical province of Macedonia. Its capital is the town of Katerini. Pieria is the smallest regional unit within Macedonia. The name Pieria originates from the ancient Pieres tribe. In Pieria, there are many sites of archeological interest, such as Dion, Pydna, Leivithra and Platamonas. Pieria is also home to Mt. Pierus where Hermes launches himself from to visit Calypso (Odyssey 5.50), home to Orpheus[1] and the Muses,[2] as well as the Pierian Spring. Mt. Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece and throne of the ancient Greek gods, is located in the southern part of Pieria. Other ancient cities included Leibethra and Pimpleia.

Pieria (regional unit)

(Seat: Κατερίνη, η)
11 126.698

Municipality Dio-Olympos

(Seat: Λιτόχωρο, το]], Historic Seat: Δίον, το)
1102 25.668
Municipal unit Anatolikos Olympos 110202 8.343
Municipal Community Leptokarya 11020201 3.700
Leptokarya (Λεπτοκαρυά, η) 1102020101 3.700
Municipal Community Platamonas 11020203 2.013
Platamon (Πλαταμών, ο) 1102020301 2.013
Community Panteleimonas 11020202 911
Neos Panteleimonas (Νέος Παντελεήμων, ο) 1102020202 810
Palaios Panteleimonas (Παντελεήμων, ο) 1102020201 11
Paralia Panteleimonos (Παραλία Παντελεήμονος, η) 1102020203 90
Community Poroi 11020204 770
Άγιος Δημήτριος, ο 1102020402 14
Neoi Poroi (Νέοι Πόροι, οι) 1102020401 733
Πόροι, οι 1102020403 23
Community Skotina 11020205 949
Ano Skotina (Άνω Σκοτίνα, η) 1102020502 0
Paralia Skotinas (Παραλία Σκοτίνης, η) 1102020503 66
Skotina (Σκοτίνα, η) 1102020501 883
Municipal unit Dio 110203 10.066
Municipal Community Vrontou 11020303 1.902
Vrontou (Βροντού, η) 1102030301 1.902
Municipal Community Karitsa 11020305 2.025
Karitsa (Καρίτσα, η) 1102030501 2.025
Community Agios Spyridon 11020302 1.489
Agios Spyridon (Άγιος Σπυρίδων, ο) 1102030201 1.489
Community Dion 11020304 1.424
Dion (Δίον, το) 1102030401 1.130
Platanakia (Πλατανάκια, τα) 1102030402 294
Community Kontariotissa 11020301 1.662
Kontariotissa (Κονταριώτισσα, η) 1102030101 1.662
Community Nea Efesos 11020306 1.564
Nea Efesos (Νέα Έφεσος, η) 1102030601 1.564
Municipal unit Litochoro 110201 7.259
Municipal Community Litochoro 11020101 7.259
Kalyvia Varikou (Καλύβια Βαρικού, τα) 1102010102 38
Limenas Litochorou (Λιμήν Λιτοχώρου, ο) 1102010103 9
Litochoro (Λιτόχωρο, το) 1102010101 6.995
Μονή Αγίου Διονυσίου, η 1102010104 25
Πλάκα, η 1102010105 192

Municipality Katerini

(Seat: Κατερίνη, η)
1101 85.851
Municipal unit Elafina 110102 4.313
Community Aronas 11010202 324
Aronas (Αρωνάς, ο) 1101020201 324
Community Elafos 11010203 499
Elafos (Έλαφος, η) 1101020301 499
Community Exochi 11010204 583
Exochi (Εξοχή, η) 1101020401 446
Toxo (Τόξο, το) 1101020402 137
Community Katalonia 11010205 396
Katalonia (Καταλώνια, τα) 1101020501 396
Community Lagorrachi 11010206 557
Lagorrachi (Λαγόρραχη, η) 1101020601 454
Meliadi (Μελιάδι, το) 1101020602 103
Community Moschopotamos 11010207 543
Moschopotamos (Μοσχοπόταμος, ο) 1101020701 543
Community Palaio Keramidi 11010201 890
Palaio Keramidi (Παλαιό Κεραμίδι, το) 1101020101 890
Community Trilofos 11010208 521
Trilofos (Τρίλοφος, ο) 1101020801 521
Municipal unit Katerini 110101 62.205
Municipal Community Katerini 11010101 58.309
Andromachi (Ανδρομάχη, η) 1101010102 1.061
Katerini (Κατερίνη, η) 1101010101 55.997
Nea Chrani (Νέα Χράνη, η) 1101010103 467
Neo Keramidi (Νέο Κεραμίδι, το) 1101010104 464
Olympiaki Akti (Ολυμπιακή Ακτή, η) 1101010105 320
Municipal Community Svoronos 11010105 2.175
Agia Varvara (Αγία Βαρβάρα, η) 1101010502 69
Prosilio (Προσήλιο, το) 1101010503 158
Svoronos (Σβορώνος, ο) 1101010501 1.948
Community Ano Agios Ioannis 11010102 477
Ano Agios Ioannis (Άνω Άγιος Ιωάννης, ο) 1101010201 442
Νέος Άνω Άγιος Ιωάννης, ο 1101010202 35
Community Gonochora 11010103 799
Ganochora (Γανόχωρα, η) 1101010301 799
Community Neokaisareia 11010104 445
Neokaisareia (Νεοκαισάρεια, η) 1101010401 445
Municipal unit Korinos 110103 5.557
Municipal Community Korinos 11010301 3.543
Korinos (Κορινός, ο) 1101030101 3.487
Παραλία Κορινού, η 1101030102 56
Community Kato Agios Ioannis 11010302 603
Κάτω Άγιος Ιωάννης, ο 1101030201 603
Community Koukkos 11010303 335
Koukkos (Κούκκος, ο) 1101030301 335
Community Nea Trapezounta 11010304 423
Nea Trapezounta (Νέα Τραπεζούς, η) 1101030401 423
Community Sevasti 11010305 653
Sevasti (Σεβαστή, η) 1101030501 653
Municipal unit Paralia 110104 6.803
Municipal Community Kallithea 11010401 3.134
Kallithea (Καλλιθέα, η) 1101040101 3.134
Municipal Community Peristasi 11010403 2.545
Περίστασις, η 1101040301 2.545
Community Paralia 11010402 1.124
Παραλία, η 1101040201 1.124
Municipal unit Petra 110105 4.888
Municipal Community Lofos 11010503 1.919
Lofos (Λόφος, ο) 1101050301 1.496
Ράχη, η 1101050302 423
Community Agios Dimitrios 11010502 627
Agios Dimitrios (Άγιος Δημήτριος, ο) 1101050201 627
Community Milia 11010501 1.430
Ano Milia (Άνω Μηλιά, η) 1101050102 6
Καρυές, οι 1101050103 187
Kato Milia (Κάτω Μηλιά, η) 1101050101 869
Μεσαία Μηλιά, η 1101050104 352
Fteri (Φτέρη, η) 1101050105 16
Community Moschochori 11010504 516
Moschochori (Μοσχοχώρι, το) 1101050401 516
Community Foteina 11010505 396
Petra (Πέτρα, η) 1101050502 37
Skoteina (Σκοτεινά, τα) 1101050503 1
Foteina (Φωτεινά, τα) 1101050501 358
Psychiatric Hospital of Petra Olympus
(Ψυχιατρικό Νοσοκομείο Πέτρας Ολύμπου, το)
1101050504 0
Municipal unit Pieries 110106 2.085
Community Cria 11010602 414
Βρία, η 1101060201 414
Community Elatochori 11010603 533
Elatochori (Ελατοχώρι, το) 1101060301 533
Community Ritini 11010601 1.138
Ritini (Ρητίνη, η) 1101060101 1.138

Municipality Pydna-Kolindros

(Seat: Αιγίνιο, το, Historical Seat: Κολινδρός, ο)
1103 15.179
Municipal unit Aiginio 110301 4.869
Municipal Community Aiginio 11030101 4.345
Aiginio (Αιγίνιο, το) 1103010101 4.153
Megali Gefyra (Μεγάλη Γέφυρα, η) 1103010102 192
Community Katachas 11030102 524
Katachas (Καταχάς, ο) 1103010201 524
Municipal unit Kolindros 110302 3.883
Municipal Community Kolindros 11030201 3.032
Kolindros (Κολινδρός, ο) 1103020101 2.822
Paliampela (Παλιάμπελα, τα) 1103020102 210
Community Kastania 11030202 249
Kastania (Καστανέα, η) 1103020201 249
Community Livadi 11030203 235
Livadi (Λιβάδι, το) 1103020301 235
Community Ryakia 11030204 367
Ryakia (Ρυάκια, τα) 1103020401 367
Municipal unit Methoni 110303 3.169
Community Makrygialos 11030301 1.706
Αρχαία Πύδνα, η 1103030102 25
Makrygialos (Μακρύγιαλος, ο) 1103030101 1.681
Community Methoni 11030302 741
Αγιάννης, ο 1103030202 42
Methoni (Μεθώνη, η) 1103030201 699
Community Nea Agathoupoli 11030303 267
Nea Agathoupoli (Νέα Αγαθούπολις, η) 1103030301 267
Community Παλαιού Ελευθεροχωρίου 11030304 455
Palaio Eleftherochori (Παλαιό Ελευθεροχώρι, το) 1103030401 455
Municipal unit Pydna 110304 3.258
Community Aloni 11030402 641
Alonia (Αλώνια, τα) 1103040201 641
Community Palaiostani 11030403 476
Μικρή Μηλιά, η 1103040302 32
Palaiostani (Παλαιόστανη, η) 1103040301 444
Community Pydna 11030401 1.206
Αλυκή, η 1103040102 34
Kitros (Κίτρος, το) 1103040101 1.172
Community Sfendami 11030404 935
Sfendami (Σφενδάμι, το) 1103040401 935

Geography

The Pieria regional unit is bordered by Larissa (Thessaly) to the south and west, Kozani to the west and Imathia to the north. The Pierian Mountains lie to the west. The Thermaic Gulf lies to the east. It also has a valley by the GR-13. Most of the population live within the Olympian Riviera. The lowest point is the Thermian Gulf and the highest point is Mount Olympus.

It combines extensive plains, high mountains and sandy beaches. The region's beauty gives it a great potential for further tourist development.
Climate

Its climate is mainly of Mediterranean type with hot summers and cool winters. Severe winter weather is common in the central and western parts of Pieria, especially in the Pierian Mountains and on Mount Olympus.

On June 8, 2007, a low pressure weather system from Southern and Central Europe resulted in heavy rainfall that ravaged the prefecture and caused great damage in fruit and vegetable production. The worst hit area was Korinos.
Administration

The regional unit Pieria is divided into 3 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[3]

Dio-Olympos (2)
Katerini (1)
Pydna-Kolindros (3)

Prefecture

As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Pieria was created out of the former prefecture Pieria (Greek: Νομός Πιερίας). The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[3]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Dio-Olympos Dio Litochoro
East Olympos
Litochoro
Katerini Katerini Katerini
Elafina
Korinos
Paralia
Petra
Pierioi
Pydna-Kolindros Aiginio Aiginio
Kolindros
Methoni
Pydna


History
Main article: Macedonia (ancient kingdom)
See also: Pieres
Map of the Kingdom of Macedon with Pieria located in the southern districts of the kingdom.

The region, known as Pieria or Pieris (Ancient Greek: Πιερία/Πιερίς) in Antiquity, took its name from the Pieres (Πίερες),a Thracian[4] tribe that was expelled[5] by the Macedonians in the 8th century BC[6] from their original seats, and driven to the North beyond the Strymon river and Mount Pangaeus,[5] where they formed a new settlement. The name Pieria has been connected to Homeric πῖαρ "fat", πίειραν ἄρουραν "fertile land" in a metaphorical sense.[7]

At some time before the archaic period Pieria was incorporated in the Kingdom of Macedon (808 BC, see below) when it became the second province of the ancient kingdom, following its fate through the rule of the Antipatrid dynasty (302 BC - 277 BC) and the Antigonid dynasty (306 BC - 168 BC). It became part of the Roman Republic after the Fourth Macedonian War, and remained part of the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire.

It was later invaded and became a part of the Ottoman Empire. During the Greek War of Independence in 1821, Pieria took up arms along with the rest of Greece, but their struggle failed and Pieria did not join the rest of Greece until the Balkan Wars in 1913. Until 1947, Pieria was part of the Thessaloniki Prefecture (at that time the largest Greek prefecture), as a province. Pieria saw an economic boom in agriculture and business. During the Greco-Turkish War, it saw an influx of refugees from Asia Minor, now a part of Turkey, and several places were named after their former homelands including Nea Trapezounta from Trebizond (now Trabzon) and Nea Efesos from Ephesus (now Efes). The village of Elafos in the municipal unit Elafina, formerly a community in the Imathia prefecture, was united with Pieria in 1974.[8]
Transport

A1/E75
GR-1
GR-13

Persons

According to various sources, Alexis Zorba (1867–1942), the person who inspired the Greek novelist Nikos Kazantzakis to write the famous novel Zorba the Greek, was born in the village of Katafygi, near Kolindros. His original name was Georgios Zorbas.

Patriarch Callinicus of Alexandria
Giorgakis Olympios

Sporting teams

Pierikos - Greek Second Division (North Club)
Pierian Sodality

See also

Olympus Festival
List of settlements in the Pieria regional unit

References

Orpheus and Greek Religion (Mythos Books) by William Keith Guthrie and L. Alderlink, 1993, ISBN 0-691-02499-5, page 62
E.C. Marchant, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 2,Πιερίας—between Mt. Olympus and the Thermaic Gulf, the original home of the Muses and birth-place of Orpheus.
"Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).
Orpheus and Greek Religion (Mythos Books) by William Keith Guthrie and L. Alderlink,1993,page 62: "... assigned, Pieria, was originally inhabited by a Thracian tribe, the Pieres, who according to Thucydides (ii. ..."
Archaic Eretria: A Political and Social History from the Earliest Times to 490 BC by Keith G. Walker,2004,page 154: "... 498-54)12' had incorporated coastal Pieria into Macedonia and expelled the 'Pieres', who afterwards took up their abode in areas at Mt.Pangaion..."
An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation,ISBN 0-19-814099-1,2005,page 865
J.P. Mallory, D. Q. Adams, The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, 2006, pg. 261
Administrative changes in local government

Regional units of Greece
Attica North AthensSouth AthensWest AthensCentral AthensIslandsEast AtticaPeiraiasWest Attica
Epirus ArtaIoanninaPrevezaThesprotia
Ionian Islands IthakiKefaloniaKerkyraLefkadaZakynthos
Crete ChaniaHeraklionLasithiRethymno
Central Greece VoiotiaEvoiaEvrytaniaFokidaFthiotida
North Aegean ChiosIkariaLesvosLimnosSamos
East Macedonia and Thrace DramaEvrosKavalaRhodopiThasosXanthi
Peloponnese ArgolidaArkadiaKorinthiaLakoniaMessinia
South Aegean AndrosKalymnosKarpathosKea-KythnosKosMilosMykonosNaxosParosRhodosSyrosThiraTinos
Thessaly KarditsaLarissaMagnisiaSporadesTrikala
West Greece AitoloakarnaniaAchaiaIlia
West Macedonia FlorinaGrevenaKastoriaKozani
Central Macedonia ChalkidikiImathiaKilkisPellaPieriaSerresThessaloniki

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