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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Arkadia

Moni Karyas (Μονή Καρυάς) Arkadia

The Holy Monastery of Karya (Moni Karyas) in Arcadia is a historical monastery, built west of the plateau of Paleochora Tyros near the village of Prastos and the Monastery of Artokostas. It is 19 km from Tyros and 24 km from Leonidio. This monastery is considered one of the oldest in Tsakonia.

History

The Monastery of Karya was founded, according to tradition, before the 16th century, by monks of Mount Athos, who settled there to escape the raids of the Turks. This is the reason for the Mount Athos form that presents all the buildings of the monastery. For its name, various theories have been formulated: from the cult of Caryatid Artemis, or from the Turkish Kahrie meaning "country", or from the site of Karya in the ruins of Paleochora Tyros, or from the walnut tree, which is also the more easy etymological interpretation. The monastery is mentioned for the first time in a Turkish document of 1620, by Sultan Osman II, where the "unfaithful" inhabitants of Prastos are given permission to renovate the monastery. In 1622, on a sigil of Patriarch Cyril of Lucareos, her crucifixion was granted to the monastery. In a document from 1634, a Leonidian Christian offers all his property to the monastery. In 1770, the monastery was looted by the Albanians and 8 years later (1778), Patriarch Gregory V renewed its cruciform privilege.

During the Revolution of 1821, the abbot Joseph took part in the struggle and the monastery offered 3 ounces of silver to the Elder Prastos and 850 grosis to the Peloponnesian Senate, for the needs of the struggle. In fact, the abbot Joseph Krimitzos was awarded a medal by Otto. In 1826, Ibrahim Pasha destroyed the monastery. In the following years, the monastery continued its contribution to the struggle. According to her code, in 1838 she awarded a scholarship to a student to study at university and in 1866 she offered money for the struggle in Crete. In 1970, the monastery was converted into a women's monastery, as a branch of the Loukou Monastery. Today the monastery is male.

The Monastery

The monastery of Karya is now completely renovated. The building complex of the monastery, has a rectangular shape and consists of three wings of monastery buildings arranged in a P shape, around an elongated courtyard. In the center of the paved courtyard, which is surrounded by arched arches, is the monastery's katholikon. The catholic is of Athonite type and belongs to the type of cruciform inscribed with a dome. The temple has an impressive twelve-cornered dome, which seems to "float". The interior of the catholic is decorated with frescoes by the Moscow brothers of 1638, whose work is distinguished for their devotion to the Byzantine tradition. The church has a marble floor of 1734, decorated with representations of a lion, a bull, a winged demon and a double-headed eagle. The wood-carved iconostasis of the katholikon dates from the beginning of the 19th century.

The monastery has important relics of saints, such as Agia Makrina and others. The monastery has 4 shares: Agios Georgios and Agios Nikolaos in Tyros and Agios Georgios and Agios Ioannis in Leonidio. The monastery currently has 2 monks. The catholic of the monastery, celebrates in the memory of Agios Nikolaos on December 6, but also on July 8 in memory of Agios Prokopios.

Sources

Petros Sarantakis, Arcadia: The monasteries and its churches, 10 centuries journey, Oiatis Publications, Athens 2000, ISBN 960-91420-0-1
Prefectural Administration of Arcadia - Arcadia, Religious Destination, Arcadia Publishing House, Tripoli 2010
Mount Parnonas Management Body, Pentalofos Publications, 2015, ISBN 978-960-99424-2-3

Municipal Community Leonidio
Voskina (Βοσκίνα, η)
Leonidio (Λεωνίδι, το)
Moni Karyas (Μονή Καρυάς, η)

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