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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Messinia

Avia (Greek: Αβία) is a village and a former municipality in Messenia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality West Mani, of which it is a municipal unit.[1] In 2001 its population was 236 for the village, 605 for the community and 3,089 for the municipal unit. The seat of the municipality was in Kampos. Avia is a popular tourist destination. It also has a large olive production. Avia is situated on the east coast of the Messenian Gulf, southeast of Kalamata, southwest of Sparta and northwest of Kardamyli.

History
Ancient Abia

In the location where Paliochora is located today, the Homeric city of Ire (Ιρή) is supposed to have stood (Iliad I 150 and I 292). The traveller Pausanias mentioned in his Description of Greece that the city Ire was renamed Abia by Cresphontes, king of Messene, after Abia, the nursemaid of his great-grandfather Hyllus, son of Heracles. Abia was disputed between the Messenians and the Spartans. Abia became a member of the Achaean League in 181 BC. In the city was a temple of Asclepius. After Pausanias' time, Abia was not mentioned in sources. It was probably destroyed during barbarian invasions.
Later period

In the early 15th century, the Venetians built the castle of Mantineia at the location of the ancient city. It was the seat of the barony with the same name. Mantineia was abandoned by its inhabitants to escape pirate raids, and they settled in the inland village of Megali Mantineia. The ruined castle town received the name Palaiochora. In 1775 the Church of the Dormition was built at the site of the temple of Asclepius.

From the mid 19th century, the inhabitants of Megali Mantineia began to settle in the beach area again, in the settlements Palaiochora, Archontiko and Kopanoi (the modern Akrogiali). Palaiochora became the seat of the community of Megali Mantineia in 1924. In 1926 both the settlement Palaiochora and the community were renamed to Avia. In 1998 the community Avia merged with 7 other communities to form the new municipality Avia, with its seat in Kampos.
Subdivisions

The municipal unit Avia is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

Division of the municipality

  • Kampos / Δ.δ. Κάμπου [ 579 ]
    • Kampos / ο Κάμπος [ 486 ]
    • Orovas / ο Οροβάς [ 39 ]
    • Platoma / το Πλάτωμα [ 50 ]
    • Toumpia / τα Τούμπια [ 4 ]
  • Avia / Δ.δ. Αβίας [ 605 ]
  • Altomira / Δ.δ. Αλτομιρών -- τα Αλτομιρά [ 72 ]
  • Doloi / Δ.δ. Δολών [ 450 ]
  • Kentron / Δ.δ. Κέντρου [ 353 ]
    • Kentron / το Κέντρον [ 25 ]
    • Anatolikon / το Ανατολικόν [ 87 ]
    • Voreion / το Βόρειον [ 155 ]
    • Chora Gaitson / η Χώρα Γαϊτσών [ 86 ]
  • Pigadia / Δ.δ. Πηγαδίων [ 181 ]
    • Pigadia / τα Πηγάδια [ 36 ]
    • Dendra / τα Δένδρα [ 54 ]
    • Krya Vrysi / η Κρύα Βρύση [ 24 ]
    • Rizana / τα Ριζανά [ 67 ]
  • Stavropigion / Δ.δ. Σταυροπηγίου [ 505 ]
    • Stavropigion / το Σταυροπήγιον [ 400 ]
    • Malta / η Μάλτα [ 105 ]
  • Sotirianika / Δ.δ. Σωτηριανίκων [ 344 ]
    • Sotirianika / τα Σωτηριάνικα [ 203 ]
    • Drosopigi / η Δροσοπηγή [ 0 ]
    • Kouris / ο Κουρής [ 54 ]
    • Charavgi / η Χαραυγή [ 87 ]

Avia

Avia is a seaside village, part of the department of Avia which includes the settlements Akrogiali and Megali Mantineia. Before 1926 it was known as Paliochora.

  • Church Koimisis tis Theotokou
  • Church Agios Georgios
  • Gorge of Santava
  • Beaches/seaside places: Archontiko, Lykotropia, Koukkinos, Paliochora, Portela, Patsourou, Poliana, Akrogiali, Santava

Kampos

Kampos is a village of the Avia municipality, 22 km from Kalamata. The byzantine church Agion Theodoron from the 12th century is an attraction for the visitors. The Venetian castle Zarnata is near the village and a Mycenaean Tholos Also the house of Alexandros Koumoundouros is in Kampos.

Kampos Avia, Church Agion Theodoron

Megali Mantineia

Church Koimisis tis Theotokou

Megali Mantineia is a village (alt. 200 m) part of the district of Avia. It was mentioned 1463 as Ano Mantineia or Ano Chora.

In 1704 the population was 59 families. In the end of the 18th century a new settlement was form called Mikri Mantineia as result Ano Mantineia was renamed to Megali Mantineia. From the 19th centrury part of the population moved towards the coast region forming the settlement Paliochora (renamed to Avia)

Stavropigi is a small village, known earlier as Varousia, renamed to Pigi and then to Stavropigi.

Population
Year Village population Community population Municipal unit population
1981 324 - -
1991 185 - 2,908
2001 217 528 2,391
Points of interests

Saint George Monastery on a panoramic location
Santava Cape
Beaches: Archontiko, Koukkinos, Lykotropia (Λυκοτροπία), Paliochora, Portela, Patsourou (Πατσούρου), Poliana (Πολιάνα), Akrogiali and Santava or Sandova (Σάντοβα)

People

Alexandros Koumoundouros, Prime Minister of Greece

See also

List of settlements in Messenia

Sources

Stavrou Kapetanaki I Mandinies tis Manis (Οι Μαντίνειες της Μάνης = The Mantineies of Mani)
Σταύρου Καπετανάκη, "".
Theodoros Belitsos Mantineia in 1700, Economy, Demographics and Onomatological Origins
Theodoros Belitsos The Marriage Book of Megali Mantineias near Avia (1869-1891)

External links

Avia at the GTP Travel Pages

References

^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

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