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Chemical physics is a subdiscipline of chemistry and physics that investigates physicochemical phenomena using techniques from atomic and molecular physics and condensed matter physics; it is the branch of physics that studies chemical processes from the point of view of physics. While at the interface of physics and chemistry, chemical physics is distinct from physical chemistry in that it focuses more on the characteristic elements and theories of physics. Meanwhile, physical chemistry studies the physical nature of chemistry. Nonetheless, the distinction between the two fields is vague, and scientists often practice in both fields during the course of their research.[1]

The United States Department of Education defines chemical physics as "A program that focuses on the scientific study of structural phenomena combining the disciplines of physical chemistry and atomic/molecular physics. Includes instruction in heterogeneous structures, alignment and surface phenomena, quantum theory, mathematical physics, statistical and classical mechanics, chemical kinetics, and laser physics."[2]

What chemical physicists do

Chemical physicists commonly probe the structure and dynamics of ions, free radicals, polymers, clusters, and molecules. Areas of study include the quantum mechanical behavior of chemical reactions, the process of solvation, inter- and intra-molecular energy flow, and single entities such as quantum dots. Experimental chemical physicists use a variety of spectroscopic techniques to better understand hydrogen bonding, electron transfer, the formation and dissolution of chemical bonds, chemical reactions, and the formation of nanoparticles. Theoretical chemical physicists create simulations of the molecular processes probed in these experiments to both explain results and guide future investigations. The goals of chemical physics research include understanding chemical structures and reactions at the quantum mechanical level, elucidating the structure and reactivity of gas phase ions and radicals, and discovering accurate approximations to make the physics of chemical phenomena computationally accessible. Chemical physicists are looking for answers to such questions as:

Can we experimentally test quantum mechanical predictions of the vibrations and rotations of simple molecules? Or even those of complex molecules (such as proteins)?
Can we develop more accurate methods for calculating the electronic structure and properties of molecules?
Can we understand chemical reactions from first principles?
Why do quantum dots start blinking (in a pattern suggesting fractal kinetics ) after absorbing photons?
How do chemical reactions really take place?
What is the step-by-step process that occurs when an isolated molecule becomes solvated? Or when a whole ensemble of molecules becomes solvated?
Can we use the properties of negative ions to determine molecular structures, understand the dynamics of chemical reactions, or explain photodissociation?
Why does a stream of soft x-rays knock enough electrons out of the atoms in a xenon cluster to cause the cluster to explode?

Journals
Main category: Chemical physics journals

The Journal of Chemical Physics
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Chemical Physics Letters
Chemical Physics
ChemPhysChem
Molecular Physics (journal)

See also

Intermolecular force
Molecular dynamics
Quantum chemistry
Solid-state physics
Surface science
Van der Waals molecule

References

Slater, J.C. (1939). Introduction to Chemical Physics.

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Branches of chemistry

Glossary of chemical formulae List of biomolecules List of inorganic compounds Periodic table

Physical

Electrochemistry Thermochemistry Chemical thermodynamics Surface science Interface and colloid science
Micromeritics Cryochemistry Sonochemistry Spectroscopy Structural chemistry / Crystallography Chemical physics Chemical kinetics
Femtochemistry Quantum chemistry
Spin chemistry Photochemistry Equilibrium chemistry

Organic

Biochemistry
Molecular biology Cell biology Bioorganic chemistry Chemical biology Clinical chemistry Neurochemistry Biophysical chemistry

Stereochemistry Physical organic chemistry Organic reaction Retrosynthetic analysis Enantioselective synthesis Total synthesis / Semisynthesis Medicinal chemistry
Pharmacology Fullerene chemistry Polymer chemistry Petrochemistry Dynamic covalent chemistry

Inorganic

Coordination chemistry Magnetochemistry Organometallic chemistry
Organolanthanide chemistry Bioinorganic chemistry Bioorganometallic chemistry Physical inorganic chemistry Cluster chemistry Crystallography Solid-state chemistry Metallurgy Ceramic chemistry Materials science

Analytical

Instrumental chemistry Electroanalytical methods Spectroscopy
IR Raman UV-Vis NMR Mass spectrometry
EI ICP MALDI Separation process Chromatography
GC HPLC Femtochemistry Crystallography Characterization Titration Wet chemistry

Others

Nuclear chemistry
Radiochemistry Radiation chemistry Actinide chemistry Cosmochemistry / Astrochemistry / Stellar chemistry Geochemistry
Biogeochemistry

Environmental chemistry
Atmospheric chemistry Ocean chemistry Clay chemistry Carbochemistry Petrochemistry Food chemistry
Carbohydrate chemistry Food physical chemistry Agricultural chemistry

Chemistry education
Amateur chemistry General chemistry Clandestine chemistry Forensic chemistry
Post-mortem chemistry

Nanochemistry
Supramolecular chemistry Chemical synthesis
Green chemistry Click chemistry Combinatorial chemistry Biosynthesis Computational chemistry
Mathematical chemistry Theoretical chemistry

See also

History of chemistry Nobel Prize in Chemistry Timeline of chemistry
of element discoveries "The central science" Chemical reaction
Catalysis Chemical element Chemical compound Atom Molecule Ion Chemical substance Chemical bond

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Branches of physics
Divisions

Theoretical Computational Experimental Applied

Classical

Classical mechanics Acoustics Classical electromagnetism Optics Thermodynamics Statistical mechanics

Modern

Quantum mechanics Special relativity General relativity Particle physics Nuclear physics Quantum chromodynamics Atomic, molecular, and optical physics Condensed matter physics Cosmology Astrophysics

Interdisciplinary

Atmospheric physics Biophysics Chemical physics Engineering physics Geophysics Materials science Mathematical physics

See also

History of physics Nobel Prize in Physics Timeline of physics discoveries Theory of everything

Physics Encyclopedia

World

Index

Hellenica World - Scientific Library

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