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Administrative Region : Epirus
Regional unit : Arta

Grammenitsa (Γραμμενίτσα) Arta

Grammenitsa is a village in the Municipality of Arta with 1259 permanent residents (2011 census), [1]. The village is located near the river Arachthos and is about 5 km away from the city.

According to the Kapodistrias Plan, Grammenitsa was until the end of 2010 the seat and municipal district of the newly formed Municipality of Vlacherna. Based on the new administrative division provided by the Kallikratis Plan, Grammenitsa joined the Municipality of Arta. Grammenitsa together with Skamnia and Vrysoules constitute the local community of Grammenitsa with a total population of 1,355 inhabitants. [2]

History

Panagiotis Aravantinos in his work "Chronography of Epirus" informs us that, based on the catalog of the 1845 census, Grammenitsa, in terms of ownership, belonged to the category "privately owned" and was inhabited by 18 Christian families. [3]

Ifikratis Kokkidis also refers to the village in his work "Journeys of Epirus and Thessaly" published by the Greek Ministry of the Army (Athens 1880) and gives us the information that about 300 people lived in Grammenitsa. I. Kokkidis informs us that the province of Arta was divided into 2 areas: the area of ​​Arta and the area of ​​Preveza. The area of ​​Arta was in turn divided into 7 sections: Potamia section, Vryseos section, Radovyzi section, Tzoumerka section, Kambou section, Karvasara section and Lakkas section. Grammenitsa was part of the Tzoumerka section. [4]

Grammenitsa and the neighboring villages on a map of 1878.

In the "Essay on the History of Arta & Preveza" (published in 1884) by Serafeim Xenopoulos, Metropolitan of Arta, reference is made to Grammenitsa. According to this source, at the time of the visit of the Metropolitan of Arta, about 50 families lived in the village. The inhabitants worshiped in the church of Agios Dimitrios, Agios Athanasios and Agios Panteleimon, in which 2 pastors officiated. Near the village there were ruins from the Baliagas tower and important areas with olive trees. The Metropolitan of Arta also mentions that in the village there was a school where a teacher taught and about 100 students from Grammenitsa and Gribovo studied, who studied geography, history, arithmetic and religion. [5]

An equally important source is the Ottoman census of 1895 (Salnames of Ioannina for the financial year 1311 [1895], seventh edition). [6] According to the relevant Ottoman law, in force from 1864, the primary division of the empire was the vilayet ("prefecture" or "general administration"). Each vilayet was divided into santzaki and those into kazades. According to this census, the village belonged to Kazas Lourou, who was in the sandzaki of Preveza, which in turn belonged to the vilayet of Ioannina. Based on this census, 51 families (Hanedes) with a total population of 222 people (111 men, 111 women) lived in Grammenitsa.

During the unfortunate Greek-Turkish war of 1897, the area around the village was temporarily liberated. According to the "History of the Greek Nation", the Greek army had liberated the villages of Keramates, Gavria, Psathotopi, Mytikas, Aneza, Kalogeriko, Vigla, Rachi, Kalovatos, Plisioi, Zakyli, Kirkizates, until the night of April 23, 1897. Kalomodia, Agia Paraskevi, Arta, Kostakioi, Akropotamia, Neochori, Anthotopos, Chalkiades, Rokka, Agios Spyridonas, Eleftherochori, Kampi and the city of Philippi. [7] Finally, with the mediation of European powers and Russia, on September 20, hostilities ceased and peace was signed.

The liberation of Grammenitsa took place between 6 and 9 October 1912, where the first Greek battalions crossed the Arta bridge and at 2 noon repulsed the Turks and established themselves in Kostakios and the Marathi area. For the next 2 days, the Greek army captured and fortified the surrounding villages of Plisios, Rokka, Chalkiades.

In 1910, the Diocese of Nikopolis and Preveza published the census data that took place in the same year throughout the ecclesiastical district and informed us that Grammenitsa belonged to the Louros department and 444 people lived in the village. [8]

Administrative changes

In 1919 the community was recognized and Gribovo and Vlacherna were united in it, while in 1920 Hanopoulos was also included. In 1928 the community was detached from the Filippiados Subdivision Department of the prefecture of Arta and joined the province of Arta and Tzoumerka of the prefecture of Arta. In 1971, the settlements of Skamnia and Vrysoules joined Grammenitsa. In 1997 the community was abolished and according to the Kapodistrias Plan, Grammenitsa became a municipal district of the Municipality of Vlacherna and in 2010 it joined the Municipality of Arta. [9] [10]

Location and access

The village is adjacent to the villages of Vlacherna and Gribovo.
Sport

Progressive Grammenitsa is the football team of the village. [11]


References

Hellenic Statistical Authority (2012) Results of the 2011 Population and Housing Census concerning the Permanent Population of the Country Government Gazette 3465 / ΒΔ / 28 December 2012 (pdf)
Administrative division of the Municipality of Arta with the Kallikratis Plan
Chronography of Epirus: of the neighboring Greek and Illyrian countries, which in turn ran the events in them from the year of salvation until 1854. / Coordinated by Panagiotou Aravantinou, p.320, ed.1856.
Travels of Epirus and Thessaly / under the Ministry of Military Staff, I. Kokidis, Athens 1880.
Essay on the History of Arta and Preveza (published in 1884).
The Turkish statistics of Epirus in the salmon of 1895, M. Kokolakis
History of the Greek-Turkish war: from the beginning of the last Cretan revolution until the end of the war, I wrote on the basis of official documents and the safest information after many images and topographic maps / Elias I. Economopoulou, 1897, p.462.
The late Gianniotiko Pasaliki: space, administration and population in the Turkish-occupied Epirus (1820-1913), Michalis Kokolakis, p.492 [1]
Administrative changes, Grammenitsa Arta. [Dead link]
Administrative division of the Municipality of Arta with the Kallikratis Plan

EPS Arta teams. [2] Archived 2015-09-30 on Wayback Machine.

External links

Municipality of Arta
Regional Unit of Arta

Municipal unit Vlacherna
Community Vlacherna
Vlacherna (Βλαχέρνα, η)
Zarkadaiika (Ζαρκαδαίικα, τα)
Community Grammenitsa
Βρυσούλες, οι
Grammenitsa (Γραμμενίτσα, η)
Skamnia (Σκαμνιά, η)
Community Grimpovo
Grimpovo (Γρίμποβο, το)
Chanopoulo (Χανόπουλο, το)
Community Korfovouni
Δάφνη, η
Dryonas (Δρυών, ο)
Elatos (Έλατος, ο)
Korfovouni (Κορφοβούνι, το)
Ρουμάνια, τα

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