Peta (Greek: Πέτα) is a town and a former municipality in the Arta peripheral unit, Epirus, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Nikolaos Skoufas, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit. Population 4,904 (2001). Its 2001 population was 1,916 for the town, 3,896 for the community and 4,904 for the municipal unit. Peta is located north of Amfilochia, northeast of Arta, south-southeast of Ioannina and east of Preveza. The Arachthos River and its reservoir lies to the northwest.
The municipal unit Peta is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):
Peta (Peta, Agios Dimitrios, Amfithea, Ano Agioi Anargyroi, Kleisto, Neochoraki, Pournari)
Markiniada (Markiniada, Diasella, Zygos, Megkla, Melates)
Year Village population Municipal district population Municipality population
1981 - 3,515 -
1991 1,807 - 4,771
2001 1,916 3,896 4,904
Division of the municipality
- Peta / Δ.δ. Πέτα [ 3896 ]
- Markiniada / Δ.δ. Μαρκινιάδας [ 625 ]
- Megarchi / Δ.δ. Μεγάρχης -- η Μεγάρχη [ 383 ]
Peta is a small city known from the battle of Peta during the Greek war of independence. The 2000 Greek fighters against a four times larger army of Kioutachis were initially successful but finally they were defeated in 4 July 1822.
Peta was ruled by the Ottomans with some interruption, the town was affected by the Greek War of Independence and lost their victory to become a part of Greece. The Turks recaptured the village and continued ruling the region until 1881 with a brief Greek occupation in the 1850s but it was reconquered.
Peta finally joined Greece during the liberation of the modern southeastern Arta which included most of Thessaly that ended the Ottoman Turkish rule in 1881. The tract of land northwest of Peta remained in Ottoman hands until the Balkan Wars of 1913. Its economy slowly improved.
Nikos Rizos (1924-1999), actor
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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