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The Ionian Sea. [Source]

The Ionian Sea (gre. Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, ital. Mare Ionio, alb. Deti Jon) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. It is bounded by southern Italy, including Calabria and Sicily, to the west, by southwestern Albania and a large number of Greek islands, including Corfu, Zante, Kephalonia, Ithaka, and Lefkas to the east. The islands are collectively referred to as the Ionian Islands, and other islands including the Strophades, Sphagia, Schiza, Sapientza and Kythira. The sea is one of the most seismic areas in the world.

The ferry route between Patras and Brindisi and Ancona crosses over the east and north and shipping routes from Athens westward cross over the Ionian.

Other ferry routes connecting the islands and land except for Lefkada are mainly in the east and southeast.

Origin and myth of the eponym of the Ionian Sea

Io and Zeus by Antonio da Correggio.

The eponym of the Ionian Sea (whose name was more often, particularly by Aeschylus, attributed to Io's voyage; previously the Ionian Gulf was thought to have been called the sea of Cronus and Rhea). Ionius was the son of King Adrias of Illyria who gave his name to the Adriatic.

Ionius was also said to have been a son of Dyrrhachusm eponym of the twon of Dyrrhachium (modern Durrës). When Dyrrhachus was attacked by his own brothers. Heracles, who was passing through the country, came to his aid, but in the fight of the hero killked his ally's son by mistake. The corpse was cast into the sea, which thereafter was called the Ioanian sea.

Places

In order from south to north in the west and then north to south in the east:

Syracuse, port, W
Catania, port, W
Saranda, port and a beach, NE
Parga, small port
Astakos
Fiskardo, small port
Keri, no port
Methoni, small port and a beach

Gulfs and straits

Strait of Messina, W
Gulf of Taranto, NW
Ambracian Gulf, E
Gulf of Patras, connecting the Gulf of Corinth, ESE
Cyparissian Gulf, SE
Messenian Gulf, SE
Laconian Gulf, ESE

Tributaries

In order from north to south


Pineios River (Peloponnese)
Ambracian Gulf
Acherontas River
Gulf of Patras/Strait of Rio-Antirrio Watershed
Acheloos River
Glaucos/Glavkos River - Panachaicus mountains to south of Patras
Louros River, north
Cyparissian Gulf
Alfeios River
Kladeos or Cladeus River
Erymanthus River
Ladon River
Ladon Lake
Loussios River
Larissos River - Nea Manolada
Neda River - Elia-Messenia boundary/border

Ancient Greece

Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire

Modern Greece

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