Zakynthos (Greek: Ζάκυνθος, also named in Italian language Zante or Zacinto) is a city and a former municipality on the island of Zakynthos, Ionian Islands, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Zakynthos, of which it is a municipal unit. It is the capital of the island of Zakynthos. Apart from the official name Zakynthos, it is also called Chora (i.e. the Town, a common denomination in Greece when the name of the island itself is the same as the name of the principal town).
The municipal unit of Zákynthos lies in the easternmost part of the island and has a land area of 45.788 km² and a population of 39,015 at the 2001 census. It is subivided into the communities Zakynthos (pop. 11,196), Ampelokipoi (1,425), Argasi (793), Vasilikos (734), Gaitani (1,401) and Bochali (889). The municipal unit also includes the Strofades islands, which lie about 50 km south of Zákynthos Island.
Zakynthos has a varied terrain, with fertile plains in the southeastern part and mountainous terrain with steep cliffs along the coasts on the west. The mild, Mediterranean climate and the plentiful winter rainfall endow the island with dense vegetation. The principal products are olive oil, currants, grapes and citrus fruit.
Dionysios Solomos' statue at Dionysios Solomos Square.
Dionysios Solomos sculpture produced by Georgios Vroutos
Dionysios (16th century), patron saint of Zakynthos
Pavlos Carrer (1829-1896), composer
Ugo Foscolo (1778-1827), writer, revolutionary and poet
Andreas Kalvos (1792-1869), poet
Dionysios Solomos (1798-1857), poet
^ "Δείτε τη Διοικητική Διαίρεση" (in Greek). Hellenic Interior Ministry. www.ypes.gr. Retrieved 09 September 2009.
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
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Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire