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Optoelectronics (or optronics) is the study and application of electronic devices and systems that source, detect and control light, usually considered a sub-field of photonics. In this context, light often includes invisible forms of radiation such as gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet and infrared, in addition to visible light. Optoelectronic devices are electrical-to-optical or optical-to-electrical transducers, or instruments that use such devices in their operation.[1] Electro-optics is often erroneously used as a synonym, but is a wider branch of physics that concerns all interactions between light and electric fields, whether or not they form part of an electronic device.

Optoelectronics is based on the quantum mechanical effects of light on electronic materials, especially semiconductors, sometimes in the presence of electric fields.[2]

Photoelectric or photovoltaic effect, used in:
photodiodes (including solar cells)
phototransistors
photomultipliers
optoisolators
integrated optical circuit (IOC) elements
Photoconductivity, used in:
photoresistors
photoconductive camera tubes
charge-coupled imaging devices
Stimulated emission, used in:
injection laser diodes
quantum cascade lasers
Lossev effect, or radiative recombination, used in:
light-emitting diodes or LED
OLEDs
Photoemissivity, used in
photoemissive camera tube

Important applications[3] of optoelectronics include:

Optocoupler
Optical fiber communications

See also

Interconnect bottleneck
Liquid-crystal display
Non-radiative lifetime
OECC (OptoElectronics and Communications Conference)
Optical amplifier
Optical communication
Optical fiber
Optical interconnect
Opto-electronic oscillator
Parallel optical interface
Photoemission
Photoemission spectroscopy
Photovoltaic effect
Stimulated emission

References

Supramolecular Materials for Opto-Electronics, Editor: Norbert Koch, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge 2015, https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/ebook/978-1-78262-694-7
Physics and Technology - Vishay Optoelectronics Archived 2016-05-16 at the Portuguese Web Archive

Optocoupler Application Examples

External links

OIDA (Optoelectronics Industry Development Association)

vte

Photonics
Fields

Biophotonics Microphotonics Nanophotonics Optical computing Plasmonics Silicon photonics

Tools

Biophoton Optical DPSK demodulator Delay line interferometer Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier Laser Optical interleaver Photonic integrated circuit Photonic crystal Photonic-crystal fiber Slot-waveguide Subwavelength-diameter optical fibre Superprism Time stretch analog-to-digital converter Wireless power transfer

Concepts

Arrayed waveguide grating Atomic coherence Dark state Diffraction grating Extraordinary optical transmission Holographic grating Monte Carlo method for photon transport Wavelength selective switching Photon diffusion

Applications

Fiber-optic communication Optical neural network Solar sail

See also

Optics Quantum optics Solid-state physics

Physics Encyclopedia

World

Index

Hellenica World - Scientific Library

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