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A neutron research facility is most commonly a big laboratory operating a large-scale neutron source that provides thermal neutrons to a suite of research instruments. The neutron source usually is a research reactor or a spallation source. In some cases, a smaller facility will provide high energy neutrons (e.g. 2.5 MeV or 14 MeV fusion neutrons) using existing neutron generator technologies.
List of neutron facilities

The following list is intended to be exhaustive and to cover active facilities as well as those that are shut down.

Australia

ANSTO-HIFAR Reactor, Sydney
Open-pool Australian lightwater reactor (OPAL)

Bangladesh

Atomic Energy Research Establishment (AERE), Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission(BAEC)

Canada

NRC Canadian Neutron Beam Centre at Chalk River Laboratories
RE-Labs Inc. – Single Event Effects Testing Services

China

China Spallation Neutron Source – Dongguan, Guangdong.
CNPG – Light ion (D,T), China Institute of Atomic Energy
HI-13 – Light ion (D,T), China Institute of Atomic Energy

Czech Republic

Neutron Physics Laboratory (within CANAM infrastructure)[1]

Denmark

Risø (reactors 1958–2000)

Egypt

ETRR-1 – Nuclear Research Center, Inshas (1961–)
ETRR-2 – Nuclear Research Center, Inshas (1997–)

France

ILL – Institut Laue–Langevin (1972–)
LLB – Laboratoire Léon Brillouin at CEA Saclay
NFS – GANIL

Germany

FRM I – Technical University, Garching (1957–2000)
FRM II – Technical University, Garching (2004–)
FRMZ –Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz (1967–)
FRJ-2 at Forschungszentrum Jülich (1962–2006)
Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (2005–), a virtual facility that operates instruments at other facilities (FRM II, ILL, SNS)
FRG-1 – GKSS, Geesthacht near Hamburg (1958–2010)
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, formerly HMI – Hahn-Meitner-Institut


Hungary

KFKI Research Institutes, Budapest

India

Dhruva, CIRUS and Apsara: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai
KAMINI

Japan

JAERI – Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
KENS – High Energy Accelerator Organisation, KEK
KURRI – Research Reactor Institute (Kyoto)
JSNS – (part of the Japan proton accelerator research complex (J-PARC)

Netherlands

IRI – Interfaculty Reactor Institute, Delft University of Technology

Norway

IFE – Jeep 2 reactor at Kjeller Institute for Energy Technology

Poland

Maria reactor – POLATOM Institute of Nuclear Energy, Świerk-Otwock
Ewa reactor – POLATOM Institute of Nuclear Energy, Świerk-Otwock (1958–1995)

Russia

IBR Fast Pulsed Reactors (Dubna)
JINR – Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna
Gatchina

South Africa

NECSA SAFARI-1

South Korea

High-Flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor (HANARO) – Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI)

Sweden

NFL – Studsvik Neutron Research Laboratory, Studsvik
ESS – European Spallation Source (project)

Switzerland

SINQ@PSI – Paul Scherrer Institute[2]
UCN@PSI – Paul Scherrer Institute – Ultra Cold Neutron Source[3]
n_TOF – CERN

United Kingdom

DIDO
ISIS Neutron and Muon Source, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire

United States

HFBR – High Flux Beam Reactor, Brookhaven (1965–1996)
IPNS – Intense Pulsed Neutron Source, Argonne National Laboratory (1981–2008)
LANSCE – Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (Los Alamos)
LENS – Low Energy Neutron Source, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.
NIST – Center for Neutron Research, Gaithersburg near Washington D.C.
NSL – Neutron Science Laboratory, University of Michigan College of Engineering.
HFIR – High Flux Isotope Reactor, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
SNS – Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
MURR – University of Missouri Research Reactor, Columbia, MO.
MNRC – MacClellan Nuclear Research Center, Sacramento, CA.

References

http://canam.ujf.cas.cz/npl
https://www.psi.ch/sinq

https://www.psi.ch/num

External links

List of major active neutron facilities
NMI3 – a European consortium of 18 partner organisations from 12 countries, including all major facilities in the fields of neutron scattering and muon spectroscopy

Physics Encyclopedia

World

Index

Hellenica World - Scientific Library

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