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In physics, a neutral particle is a particle with no electric charge, such as a neutron. This is not to be confused with a truly neutral particle, a neutral particle that is also identical to its own antiparticle.

Stable or long-lived neutral particles

Long-lived neutral particles provide a challenge in the construction of particle detectors, because they do not interact electromagnetically, except possibly through their magnetic moments. This means that they do not leave tracks of ionized particles or curve in magnetic fields. Examples of such particles include photons,[PDG 1] neutrons,[PDG 2] and neutrinos.[PDG 3]
Other neutral particles
See also: list of mesons and list of baryons

Other neutral particles are very short-lived and decay before they could be detected even if they were charged. They have been observed only indirectly. They include:

Z bosons[PDG 4]
Dozens of heavy neutral hadrons:
Neutral mesons such as the π0 [PDG 5] and K0 [PDG 6]
The neutral Delta baryon ( Δ0 ),[PDG 7] and other neutral baryons, such as the Ξ0 [PDG 8] and Λ0 [PDG 9]

See also

Neutral particle oscillation


K. Nakamura et al. (Particle Data Group), JP G 37, 075021 (2010) and 2011 partial update for the 2012 edition

Particle listings - gamma
Particle listings –n
Particle listings - Neutrino Properties
Particle listings - Z boson
Particle listings - Pi0
Particle listings - K0
Particle listings –Δ(1232)
Particle listings - Xi0
Particle listings - Lambda

Physics Encyclopedia



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