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The American Institute of Physics (AIP) promotes science and the profession of physics, publishes physics journals, and produces publications for scientific and engineering societies. The AIP is made up of various member societies. Its corporate headquarters are at the American Center for Physics in College Park, Maryland, but the institute also has offices in Melville, New York, and Beijing.[1]

Core activities

The focus of the AIP appears to be organized around a set of core activities. The first delineated activity is to support member societies regarding essential society functions. This is accomplished by annually convening the various society officers to discuss common areas of concern. A range of topics is discussed which includes scientific publishing, public policy issues, membership-base issues, philanthropic giving, science education, science careers for a diverse population, and a forum for sharing ideas.[1]

Another core activity is publishing the science of physics in research journals, magazines, and conference proceedings. Member societies continue nevertheless to publish their own journals.

Other core activities are tracking employment and education trends with six decades of coverage, being a liaison between research science and industry, historical collections and physics outreach programs, and supporting science education initiatives and supporting undergraduate physics. One other core activity is as an advocate for science policy to the U.S. Congress and the general public.[1]
Historical overview

The AIP was founded in 1931 as a response to lack of funding for the sciences during the Great Depression. It formally incorporated in 1932 consisting of five original "member societies", and a total of four thousand members. A new set of member societies was added beginning in the mid-1960s. As soon as the AIP was established it began publishing scientific journals.[3]
Member societies

Acoustical Society of America
American Association of Physicists in Medicine
American Association of Physics Teachers
American Astronomical Society
American Crystallographic Association
American Meteorological Society
American Physical Society
American Vacuum Society
Optical Society
Society of Rheology

Affiliated societies

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Section on Physics
American Chemical Society, Division of Physical Chemistry
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
American Nuclear Society
American Society of Civil Engineers
ASM International
Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Biomedical Engineering Society
Council on Undergraduate Research, Physics & Astronomy Division
Electrochemical Society
Geological Society of America
IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society
International Association of Mathematical Physics
International Union of Crystallography
International Centre for Diffraction Data
Health Physics Society
Laser Institute of America
Materials Research Society
Microscopy Society of America
National Society of Black Physicists
Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association
Polymer Processing Society
Society for Applied Spectroscopy
SPIE

List of publications
Main category: American Institute of Physics academic journals

The AIP has a subsidiary called AIP Publishing (wholly owned non-profit) dedicated to scholarly publishing by the AIP and its member societies, as well on behalf of other partners.[4]

AIP Advances
AIP Conference Proceedings
Applied Physics Letters
Biomicrofluidics
History of Physics Newsletter
Journal of Applied Physics
The Journal of Chemical Physics
Journal of Mathematical Physics
Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data
Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology
Chaos
Low Temperature Physics
Physics of Fluids
Physics of Plasmas
Physics Today
Review of Scientific Instruments
Scilight

Awards and prizes

Andrew Gemant Award

The Andrew Gemant Award is awarded to a person who has made substantial cultural, artistic, or humanistic contributions to physics. The award is named after the physicist Andrew Gemant.

Tate Medal for International Leadership in Physics

Presented for distinguished service to the profession of physics by a non-U.S. national

Compton Medal for Leadership in Physics

Presented for distinguished statesmanship in science

Prize for Industrial Applications of Physics

Sponsored by General Motors, the award is presented biennially to publicize the value of physics research in industry

Dannie Heineman Astrophysics Prize

The Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics, sponsored jointly with the American Astronomical Society, recognizes accomplishments in theoretical astrophysics. Named in honour of the Belgian-American engineer Dannie Heineman.

Dannie Heineman Mathematical Physics Prize

The Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, sponsored jointly with the American Physical Society, recognizes accomplishments in mathematical physics

Abraham Pais Award for History of Physics

The Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics recognizes outstanding scholarly achievements in the history of physics. Named in honour of the science historian and particle physicist Abraham Pais.

Meggers Project Award

Awarded biennially for projects designed to improve high school physics

Fluid Dynamics Prize

Recognizes outstanding achievement in research with demonstrated major impact on the discipline, jointly sponsored with the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics
AIP Style

Just as the American Chemical Society has its own style called ACS Style, AIP has its own citation style called AIP Style which is commonly used in physics.[5]
See also

Institute of Physics
PACS
Science Writing Award
SPIE
Joan Warnow-Blewett

References

"About AIP". AIP | American Institute of Physics. n.d. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
"Organization and Governance". AIP | American Institute of Physics. n.d. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
"History of AIP". American Institute of Physics. July 2010.
About AIP Publishing
AIP STYLE MANUAL, 4 ed.

Physics Encyclopedia

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