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Nikolaos Georgalis (Greek: Νικόλαος Γεωργαλής), commonly known as either Nikos Galis (Greek: Νίκος Γκάλης), or Nick Galis (alternate spellings include: Nikos Gallis, Nick Gallis, Nicolaos Georgalis, Nicolaos Georgallis, Nikolaos Galis, Nikolaos Gallis) (born July 23, 1957 in Union City, New Jersey, United States)[4], is a retired Greek professional basketball player. He is an inaugural member of the FIBA Hall of Fame[5] and was named one of the 50 Greatest Euroleague Contributors, as one of the league's 35 greatest players, on February 3, 2008.[6]

Nikos Galis

Galis played the shooting guard position and spent most of his career in Aris, before having a late stint with Panathinaikos. He is the Euroleague's all-time leader in both career points scored and points per game (counting both FIBA and ULEB games), leading the competition in scoring eight times. He reached the Euroleague Final Four on four occasions, three consecutive ones with Aris (1988-90), and another one with Panathinaikos (1994). He is also the Greek Championship's all-time leading scorer in both career points scored and points per game (counting all the formats in league history). In addition to that, he holds the FIBA World Championship scoring records for the highest career points per game average, as well as the most points ever scored at a World Championship tournament, which he set at the 1986 FIBA World Championship.

Galis led the Greek national team to a EuroBasket gold medal in 1987, as well as to a EuroBasket silver medal in 1989, earning the tournament MVP honor in 1987, and being elected to the All-EuroBasket Team both times. Following the stunning success of the EuroBasket title in 1987, he won the Mr. Europa Player of the Year and the Euroscar awards the same year. Galis is widely regarded as one of Europe's all-time greatest players in professional club basketball history, as well as one of the all-time greatest players in FIBA international basketball history.[7] He is highly revered in Greece, where he is considered by many to be the greatest individual athlete that the country has ever had. His years at Aris lifted Greek basketball from relative obscurity, into common public entertainment, with Galis being the figure that eventually inspired thousands of Greeks to take up the sport of basketball.

US career

The child of a poor immigrant family from the Greek islands of Rhodes and Nisyros, Nick took up boxing in his early years, his father George Georgalis having also been a boxer in his youth. He was persuaded to give up boxing by his mother Stella Georgalis, who was terrified each time that her son would return with a new facial injury. As a result, he started playing basketball and attended Union Hill High School in Union City, New Jersey.[7]

After high school, Galis enrolled at Seton Hall University as a college basketball player. In his senior season, Galis saw his scoring average reach 27.5 points per game, which was third in the nation behind Idaho State's Lawrence Butler (30.1 ppg) and Indiana State's Larry Bird (28.6 ppg),[8] including a 48 point outburst against the University of Santa Clara. Galis' coach at Seton Hall, Billy Raftery, would later state that Galis was the best player he ever coached. Finishing his collegiate career in 1979, Galis signed with agent Bill Manon, who also managed Diana Ross. Manon did not have Galis work out with any NBA team.[9] Galis was eventually selected by the Boston Celtics in the 4th round of the 1979 NBA Draft, 68th overall.

Due to a severe injury that he suffered during the Celtics pre-season training camp, the franchise was no longer interested in offering him a contract because Gerald Henderson had taken his place and his injury would keep him out for the foreseeable future. It was then that Galis decided to pursue a professional career in Greece's A1 League. Galis would later be offered NBA contracts by the Celtics and the New Jersey Nets while he was playing in Greece, but he turned the offers down because at the time FIBA did not have professional status, something it did not gain until the year 1989, and therefore Galis would not have been allowed to play for the Greek national team if he was an NBA player. Since playing for Greece's national team meant so much to Galis, he stayed in Greece. Celtics legend Red Auerbach later said that the single biggest mistake he ever made in his career was not keeping Galis.[10]
College stats

Season Team Competition Games Played Field Goal% Free Throw% Rebounds Assists Points
1975-76
Seton Hall
NCAA D-I
24
48.0
73.0
1.1
1.8
3.2
1976-77
Seton Hall
NCAA D-I
29
38.1
81.9
2.3
4.7
12.9
1977-78
Seton Hall
NCAA D-I
27
52.1
82.6
2.4
4.5
17.3
1978-79
Seton Hall
NCAA D-I
27
57.6
82.6
3.5
3.9
27.5
Career Totals
Seton Hall
NCAA D-I
107
50.0
81.7
2.3
3.7
20.3


Greek career

Galis made the move across the Atlantic and signed to play with Aris of Thessaloniki, Greece in 1979. Panathinaikos Athens and Olympiacos Piraeus had also shown some interest in signing the newcomer, but it was Aris' interest that was the most persuasive. His move to the country helped Greek basketball reach heights never before imagined. In 1983, while playing in a game with the Greek national team against the North Carolina Tar Heels at Chapel Hill, Greece's shooting guard Galis, while being guarded by North Carolina's shooting guard Michael Jordan, scored 50 points during the game.[12][13] He played in the 1986 FIBA World Championship, where he led all players in scoring average with 33.5 points per game. In that tournament, he had a 53 point outburst against the Panamanian national basketball team.

Galis next led the Greek national basketball team to the EuroBasket 1987 gold medal. Averaging 37.0 points per game during the tournament, he was named the MVP of the tournament after scoring 40 points in the final against the Soviet Union national basketball team and its legendary player Šarūnas Marčiulionis for a 103-101 victory.

Galis also led Greece to the second place at the EuroBasket 1989, averaging 35.6 points per game. Galis is remembered for a stunning effort against the Soviet team led by Marčiulionis and its other star player, Arvydas Sabonis, in the semi-final game. He scored 45 out of his team's 81 total points in a dramatic, last-gasp 81-80 victory.[14] The team settled for a second place finish against the ever-dominant Yugoslavian national basketball team.
Aris Thessaloniki

Averaging more than 30 points per game every season, Galis was the indisputable leader of Aris Thessaloniki. Playing alongside other great players at Aris such as Panagiotis Giannakis and Slobodan Subotić, Galis won 8 Greek Championships (7 of them consecutively and 3 undefeated, in the years 1983, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991), 6 Greek Cups (4 of them consecutively, in the years 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992), and led Aris to 3 consecutive appearances at the European Champions' Cup Final Four (1988–1990). In the one disappointment of an otherwise glittering career with Aris, all three European Champions' Cup appearances ended in defeat in the semi-finals, thus depriving him of the opportunity to shine on Europe's biggest club stage. The team's performances and general standard of play however won the heart of every basketball fan in Greece. Indeed, cinemas and theaters would often reduce their admission prices on Thursday evenings when Aris was playing and the entire country settled down to watch them on television.

After a disappointing season of his team in 1992, Galis was forced to leave Aris.[15] The new president of Aris and the fact that the team was then in decay were the main causes for his departure. Galis, who adored Thessaloniki, insisted about remaining in the club and playing for the team, as he believed that he still could offer much.
Panathinaikos

Galis moved to Athens for Panathinaikos and was the captain and the player that led Panathinaikos to a rebirth after the disappointing previous season that found the club in 8th place.

Galis inspired the young players of Panathinaikos such as Fragiskos Alvertis and Nikos Ekonomou and gradually brought back hope to the fans, to the point that Glyfada Indoor Hall was always overcrowded. In his first season (1992-93) that Galis played in Athens, Panathinaikos took second place in the Greek Championship, and won the Greek Cup, the 7th Greek Cup for Galis.

The following year, Galis was the European Champions' Cup top scorer (23.8 points per game in 21 games) and passer (4.7 assists per game in 21 games). He led Panathinaikos to the Final Four where they placed 3rd, a success that Panathinaikos had never reached before. He had to be content with being the top scorer in the 3rd-place match against FC Barcelona. He made one of his greatest career games against Virtus Bologna at the quarter-finals.

In his third season in Panthinaikos, Galis teamed up with Panagiotis Giannakis and Žarko Paspalj to make a strong effort to win the Champions' Cup. Galis was the player who led Panathinaikos to the Top 16 group, as he prevented the elimination of Panathinaikos by Budivelnik Kiev. He was also the leader of the team in the win against Olympiacos in a Greek Cup game at Sporting Sports Arena. But his career ended controversially on October 18, 1994[16] (a few games after the start of the 1994-95 season), when Kostas Politis (coach of Panathinaikos at that time) chose not to include him in the starting line-up of a Greek Championship game against Ambelokipi. Galis left the court, never again to return to action.[17]
Professional career scoring statistics

[18][19][20]

Competition Games Played Points Scored Scoring Average
Greek Championship
384
12,849
33.5
Greek Cup
55
1,935
35.2
European Cups
146
4,807
32.9
FIBA International Competitions
(Greek National Team)
169
5,163
30.6
Career Totals
754
24,759
32.8


Greek Championship season by season scoring stats

(Counting regular season and playoffs.)

Season Competition Games Played Points Scored Scoring Average
1979-80
Greek Championship
692
1980-81
Greek Championship
26
1,143
44.0
1981-82
Greek Championship
22
828
37.6
1982-83
Greek Championship
24
869
36.2
1983-84
Greek Championship
23
948
41.2
1984-85
Greek Championship
24
891
37.1
1985-86
Greek Championship
24
944
39.3
1986-87
Greek Championship
39.7
1987-88
Greek Championship
37.4
1988-89
Greek Championship
37.7
1989-90
Greek Championship
38.8
1990-91
Greek Championship
35.3
1991-92
Greek Championship
32.1
1992-93
Greek Championship
23.6
1993-94
Greek Championship
19.0
1994-95
Greek Championship
12.8


Greek National Team

Medal record
Competitor for  Greece
FIBA European Championship
Gold 1987 Greece Greece
Silver 1989 Yugoslavia Greece

He averaged 33.3 points per game at the EuroBasket 1983, 33.5 points per game at the 1986 FIBA World Championship, 37.0 points per game at the EuroBasket 1987, 35.6 points per game at the EuroBasket 1989, and 32.4 points per game at the EuroBasket 1991. Galis was only a 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in) tall combo guard. In every one of the games that Galis played in these tournaments, the entire defense of every opposing team was focused on stopping his scoring outbursts.
Galis' top 10 scoring FIBA rules games with the Greek National Team

[23]

Points Scored Date Opponents Final Game Score Tournament
53
7/5/1986 Panama 110-81 1986 FIBA World Championship
52
9/10/1984 Poland 88-89 EuroBasket 1985 Qualification
49
7/20/1986 China 111-112 1986 FIBA World Championship
48
1/4/1981 Finland 101-92 FIBA International Tournament
48
11/19/1989 Denmark 113-91 Friendly
47
11/29/1984 Bulgaria 91-84 1986 FIBA World Championship Qualification
47
5/23/1982 Belgium 97-72 EuroBasket 1983 Qualification
46
6/20/1986 Netherlands 104-88 1986 Acropolis International Tournament
46
11/25/1989 Romania 97-77 EuroBasket 1991 Qualification
45
6/24/1989 Soviet Union 81-80 EuroBasket 1989


Scoring statistics with the Greek National Team in FIBA rules games

[24]

Tournament Games Played Points Scored Scoring Average
1980 Olympics Qualification
4
78
19.5
FIBA International Tournament (1980-89)
28
853
30.5
Friendlies (1981-91)
18
450
25.0
EuroBasket 1981 Qualification
8
225
28.1
EuroBasket 1981
8
161
20.1
1982 Balkan Games
4
97
24.3
EuroBasket 1983 Qualification
9
283
31.4
EuroBasket 1983
7
233
33.3
1984 Olympics Qualification
9
288
32.0
EuroBasket 1985 Qualification
5
178
35.6
1984 Balkan Games
3
89
29.7
1986 FIBA World Championship Qualification
6
206
34.3
1986 Acropolis International Tournament
3
108
36.0
1986 FIBA World Championship
10
335
33.5
1986 Balkan Games
3
117
39.0
1987 Acropolis International Tournament
3
112
37.3
EuroBasket 1987
8
296
37.0
1988 Olympics Qualification
9
254
28.2
EuroBasket 1989 Qualification
4
146
36.5
1989 Acropolis International Tournament
3
113
37.7
EuroBasket 1989
5
178
35.6
EuroBasket 1991 Qualification
3
134
44.7
1990 Acropolis International Tournament
1
4
4.0
1991 Acropolis International Tournament
3
63
21.0
EuroBasket 1991
5
162
32.4
Career Totals
169
5,163
30.6


Player profile

It has been noted that Galis was not only a legendary scorer, but was also a great play maker and passer. The vast majority of his points scored came inside the paint area due to his penetrating ability.[25] Another enormous competitive advantage that Galis possessed was his incredible stamina, which was due to his exemplary physical condition. This led to his being given the nickname of "Iron Man". At the EuroBasket 1987, he was never once substituted out of any game after the second day of the competition.[25]
Retirement
Nikos Galis in 2007, after being inducted an inaugural member of the FIBA Hall of Fame.

Since his official retirement on September 29, 1995, and up until early 2006, he has been the owner of a summer basketball camp in Halkidiki, Greece. The basketball camp is listed at the Athens Stock Exchange.[26] As a token of appreciation for his contribution to Greek sport, Galis was chosen to be the first torch bearer in the final round of the Olympic Flame for the Athens 2004 Olympics. Galis entered the stadium at the conclusion of the Opening Ceremony and set off the procession of the flame to the altar.

In September 2007, Nikos Galis was elected as a member of the first class of the FIBA Hall of Fame, which includes the best basketball players in the history of the game internationally. Galis was inducted as a player. Bill Russell of the famous Boston Celtics dynasty was another one of the 16 inaugural player inductees. Galis is also a member of the Greek Basketball Hall of Fame, inducted as a player. Galis is married to Eleni Panagiotou and he has one daughter, named Stella.
Awards and accomplishments

[27][28][29]
Galis won numerous titles and awards during his career and had many memorable single game performances. The following are some of them:
College

Haggerty Award (New York Metro Area Player of the Year): 1979
Member of the Seton Hall Athletic Hall of Fame: 1991

Pro career

Championships:

Won 8 Greek Championships: 1983, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991
Won 7 Greek Cups: 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993
(In total, he won 15 championships in his pro club career as a player.)

Personal awards and achievements:

11x Greek League Scoring Champion: 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991
8x Euroleague Scoring Champion: 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994
Mediterranean Player of the Year: 1987
2x European Player of the Year:
Euroscar European Player of the Year: 1987
Mr. Europa European Player of the Year: 1987
World's 10th Best Athlete (a vote that included all sports and all countries): 1987
4x Greek League Most Valuable Player: 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991
4x Greek League Assist Leader: 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
Euroleague Assist Leader: 1994
Greek Cup all-time scoring leader: 1,935 points (35.2 ppg)
Greek League all-time scoring leader: 12,849 points (33.5 ppg)
Euroleague final stage all-time scoring leader: over 1,000 points
Euroleague: all-time scoring leader
Member of the Greek Basketball Hall of Fame
Member of the FIBA Hall of Fame: 2007
Euroleague's 35 Greatest All-Time Players: 2008
Along with Panagiotis Giannakis, he led Aris Thessaloniki to an 80 game winning streak in the 1980s.
His personal scoring record in one game was 63 points, achieved in a Greek League game in 1981 (Aris Thessaloniki vs. Ionikos Nikaias). However, in the same game, Ionikos' superstar Panagiotis Giannakis, who would later go on to become Galis' teammate on Aris, scored 73 points.
In 1981, he also had a 61 point game against Iraklis Thessaloniki.
Also in 1981, he accomplished his career scoring high in a European continental competition, as he scored 57 points against Pallacanestro Venezia during the 1981 Korać Cup.
His high scoring game in the Greek Cup was 57 points against Panellinios Athens in the 1987 cup final.
Also in 1987, he scored his career high in points in the old FIBA Champions' Cup (now called the Euroleague), as he scored 50 points in a game against Tracer Milano.
He also holds 4 of the top 15 all-time individual scoring games in the Euroleague's modern record era (since 1991-1992).
He scored 55 or more points in a game 10 times in his professional club career while playing with Aris Thessaloniki and Panathinaikos Athens.
In 1990, in a Saporta Cup game versus Korihait Uusikaoupounk, he dished out 23 FIBA assists, which is still the all-time single game assist record.
In 1993, while playing with Panathinaikos Athens in a revenge game against his former team Aris Thessaloniki, he had a game for the ages. Galis shot 13/13 from the field and recorded 19 FIBA assists in the game.

Greek National Team

In 169 FIBA rules games played with the Greek national basketball team, he averaged 30.6 points per game.
Galis was the leading scorer in every major European and world international competition that he participated in from 1983 onwards, the EuroBasket 1983, the 1986 FIBA World Championship, the EuroBasket 1987, the EuroBasket 1989, and the EuroBasket 1991.
At the 1986 FIBA World Championship, he scored 53 points in a game against the Panamanian national basketball team.
In the EuroBasket 1987 final, he scored 40 points against the Soviet Union national basketball team.
In the EuroBasket 1989 semifinal, he scored 45 points against the Soviet Union national basketball team.
1980 Balkan Games: Gold Medal
1986 Balkan Games: Gold Medal
1986 FIBA World Championship Scoring Champion: 1986 (33.5 ppg)
EuroBasket 1987: Gold Medal
EuroBasket 1987: All-Tournament Team
EuroBasket 1987: Most Valuable Player
EuroBasket 1989: Silver Medal
EuroBasket 1989: All-Tournament Team
EuroBasket 1991: All-Tournament Team
4x EuroBasket Scoring Champion: 1983 (33.3 ppg), 1987 (37.0 ppg), 1989 (35.6 ppg), 1991 (32.4 ppg)
Greek National Basketball Team 2nd all-time scoring leader: 5,163 points (30.6 ppg)

References

Arbel, Y. , "Iron Man Galis", November 08, 2006, FIBA Europe official website
Eurobasket.com, website about basketball
BASKET ARIS - Unofficial fan site dedicated to ARIS B.C.
Hellenic Basketball Federation official website
FIBA Europe official website
Rabotas, G. (2003). Nikos Galis, A Legend like I have known him. Athens: Psychogios. ISBN 960 87979 0 5.

Notes

^ FIBAEurope.com "The Iron Man".
^ Nikos Galis Aris
^ Interbasket.net Galis
^ Thedraftreview.com Nick Galis Birthplace: Union City, New Jersey.
^ FIBA Hall Of Fame Class of 2007
^ "Euroleague official website, Experts decide European Club Basketball's 50 greatest contributors".
^ a b Psarakis, Yannis, Fibaeurope.com, Nikos Galis - Europe's Greatest - Ever Scorer,[1]
^ "Magic Keeps Bird In Hand". Sports Illustrated. 1980-03-13.
^ Nikos Galis, Greece, Player Profiles by Interbasket.net
^ Fiba official website, Tribute to Nikos Galis
^ TheDraftReview.com Nick Galis.
^ Ahistoryofgreece.com
^ Nikos Galis Tournaments:
^ FIBA Europe official website on EuroBasket 1989 FIBA Europe.com
^ Rabotas, G., Nikos Galis, p. 137
^ Gazetta.gr Ήταν απλά ο καλύτερος (Greek).
^ Rabotas, G., Nikos Galis, p. 195
^ FIBAEurope.com Nikos Galis – Europe’s Greatest-ever Scorer.
^ basket.gr Ονοματεπώνυμο: ΓΚΑΛΗΣ ΝΙΚΟΣ (Greek).
^ sansimera.gr Νίκος Γκάλης 1957– (Greek).
^ sentragoal.gr Ο Γκάλης... κρατάει ακόμα! (Greek).
^ sports.pathfinder.gr Ο Γκάλης και οι άλλοι (Greek).
^ basket.gr Ονοματεπώνυμο: ΓΚΑΛΗΣ ΝΙΚΟΣ (Greek).
^ basket.gr Ονοματεπώνυμο: ΓΚΑΛΗΣ ΝΙΚΟΣ (Greek).
^ a b Arbel, Y. ,"Iron Man Galis", November 08, 2006, FIBA Europe official website [2]
^ Official website of Galis's basketball camp
^ Hellenic Basketball Federation official website
^ FIBAEurope.com on Galis' career
^ luckyshow.org on Galis' greatest scoring games

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