Kostas (Kitsos) Botsaris (Greek: Κώστας (Κίτσος) Μπότσαρης, Italian: Costa Bozzari, c. 1792–1853), also known as Constantine Botzaris, was a Greek general and senator and a Souliot captain and a hero of the War of Greek Independence. He fought at the Battle of Karpenisi and completed the victory of his brother, the renowned Markos Botsaris.
Kosta Botsaris was born in 1792 as the son of captain Kitsos Botsaris into one of the leading clans of the Souliotes, in Epirus. The Botsaris clan came from the village of Dragani (today Ambelia), near Paramythia.
Greek War of Independence
In 1803 Kostas Botsaris and the remnants of the Souliotes crossed over to the Ionian Islands, where they ultimately took service in a French regiment. In 1814, he joined the Greek patriotic society known as the Filiki Eteria. On the night of 21 August 1823 Kostas, under the leadership of his brother Markos participated in the celebrated attack on Karpenisi by 350 Souliots, against around 1000 Ottoman troops who formed the vanguard of the army with which Mustai Pasha was advancing to reinforce the besiegers. The Souliotes were victorious, however his brother was fatally wounded in the attack.
After the death of his brother Markos Botsaris, Kostas lived on to become a respected Greek general and parliamentarian in the Greek kingdom. Fifteen years after the death of his brother, the American traveller and author Mr. John Lloyd Stephens visited Kostas Botsaris, then a colonel in the service of King Otto of Greece in Missolonghi, and described him as:
“ A man of about fifty years of age, of middle height and spare build, who, immediately after the formal introduction, expressed his gratitude as a Greek for the services rendered his country by America; and added, with sparkling eye and flushed cheek, that when the Greek revolutionary flag sailed into the port of Napoli di Romania, among hundreds of vessels of all nations, an American captain was the first to recognize and salute it. ”
—John Lloyd Stephens, 1838
Botsaris continued to serve in the Greek kingdom until his death in Athens on 13 November 1853.
Battle of Karpenisi
^ Südost-Institut München; Deutsches Auslandswissenschaftliches Institut (Berlin, Germany) (1993). Südost Forschungen, Volume 52. S. Hirzel. p. 144. ISSN 0081-9077.
^ a b c d "Botsaris, Kostas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3. Encyclopædia Britannica. 1946. p. 957.
^ a b Willson, Marcius (2009). Mosaics of Grecian History. BiblioBazaar. p. 526. ISBN 055912872X, 9780559128721.
^ Stephens, John Lloyd (1838). Incidents of travel in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Poland, by the author of 'Incidents of travel in Egypt, Arabia Petræa, and the Holy land'.. New York: Harper & Bros.. pp. 23–24. OCLC 178150.
Incidents of Travel in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Poland (1838)
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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