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The Chariot of Antiphilus

Antiphilus was a Greek painter, of the age of Alexander. He worked for Philip of Macedon and Ptolemy I. of Egypt. Thus he was a contemporary of Apelles, whose rival he is said to have been, but he seems to have worked in quite another style. Quintilian speaks of his facility: the descriptions of his works which have come down to us show that he excelled in light and shade, in genre representations, and in caricature.

Antiphilus, who was born in Egypt and had studied painting under Ctesidemus, rose to high rank as a painter in Alexandria. Among his best-known pictures were the bearded Bacchus, the young Alexander, and Hippolytus, or rather his chariot-horses, frightened by the bull. His boy, blowing up a fire with his mouth, was much praised for the mouth of the boy, and for the light and shade of the room. His Ptolemy hunting was also highly thought of. Antiphilus showed a mean jealousy of Apelles, and accused him of joining in a plot against the king, for which the painter narrowly escaped punishment; but Ptolemy, finding that the charge was not true, sent Apelles a gift of one hundred talents to make amends. S. Rappoport, History of Egypt


  • Brunn, Geschichte der griechischen Kunstler, ii. p. 249.
  • Stelios Lydakis, Ancient Greek Painting and Its Echoes in Later Art , 304 pages (June 2004) Publisher: Getty Publishing ISBN: 0892366834

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain.

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