Xylokastro (Greek: Ξυλόκαστρο, derived from Solo Castro as the area was designated on old maps De Wit, 1680) is a town and a former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Xylokastro-Evrostina, of which it is a municipal unit. It is 40 km W of Corinth via Greek National Road 8A/E65. Its 2001 population was 5,618 for the village and 15,273 for the municipal district. The river Sythas runs to its west and there are mountains to its south and southwest.
The municipal unit Xylokastro is subdivided into the following communities (2001 population and constituent villages in brackets):
Ano Trikala (184, Ano Trikala, Zireia)
Geliniatika (524, Geliniatika, Spartinaaika)
Kamari (1,190, Kamari, Kariotika)
Karya (628, Karya, Kariotika)
Kato Loutro (519, Kato Loutro, Ano Loutro)
Kato Synoikia Trikalon (329)
Lagkadaiika (70, Lagkadaiika, Amfithea)
Mesi Synoikia Trikalon (214)
Nees Vrysoules (122)
Pitsa (739, Ano Pitsa, Kato Pitsa)
Riza (571, Riza, Valtos, Georgantaiika, Sigeritsa, Chartsianika)
Xylokastro (5,618, Xylokastro, Mertikaiika)
Year Town population Municipality population
1700 65 -
1981 5,188 -
1991 5,821 16,802
2001 5,618 15,273
The town offers a beautiful beach. Agriculture surrounds the town. The town was known as Viladusa by the Venetians in the mid to late 2nd millennium. The community has a school, a church, a police station, a post office, banks, a volleyball arena, and a square (plateia). It is famous as a seaside tourist spot and are well equipped with a number of hotels. Its nearest communications tower is on a mountain southwest of town (about 6 km). A medium earthquake rumbled the town and some of its surroundings a few kilometres into the sea on Friday October 24, 2008 and measured 4.5 on the Richter scale.
Its geography varies from farmlands within the coastline and parts of the south, forests in the southeast and mostly grassy to the southwest.
Vlassis Bonatsos (1949 - October 14, 2004 in Athens, Greece), a Greek actor
Vlassis Mavraganis a noted educator and community leader living in Melbourne but originally from here
^ "Δείτε τη Διοικητική Διαίρεση" (in Greek). Hellenic Interior Ministry. www.ypes.gr. Retrieved 09 September 2009.
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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