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Tithorea (Greek: Τιθορέα) is a village and a former municipality in Phthiotis, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Amfikleia-Elateia, of which it is a municipal unit.[1] Population 4,759 (2001). The municipal unit consists of the town Kato Tithorea (the seat of the former municipality) and the villages Agia Marina, Agia Paraskevi, Modi and Tithorea. The peak Liakoura, the highest summit of Mount Parnassus at 2,457 m elevation,[2] lies in the southernmost part of the municipal unit. The river Cephissus flows in the northern part. Kato Tithorea is served by the Athens-Thessaloniki railway line.


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Village of Tithorea

Τιθορέα / Tithorea

Ancient Tithorea was a Phocian city, built on the slopes of the Parnassus, on the location of the modern village Tithorea. The ancient city was built after the destruction of surrounding valley cities by Xerxes' army from Persia. According to Herodotus, inhabitants from ruined cities located on the banks of the Cephissus fled to the foot of the Parnassus around Tithorea.[3] After the Persians left, the Phocians settled around Tithorea where a fortress was built, the city flourished and assimilated the older ancient cities of Neon, Tritaea and Parapotamioi. When the city reached its peak around the 3rd century BC, they cutted much of their coins.[4][5] .

Modern Tithorea is a traditional settlement with stone houses, an ancient wall, a castle, and a water mill. Other landmarks includes Avva Zosima, Agiarsali and Agios Georgios (Saint George) churches, the caves of Odysseas Androutsos, a forested area part of NATURA 2000, a monument in the town square and an early Christian mosaic at Saint John dating from the 3rd to 4th century AD. Before 1926 it was known as Velitsa (Βελίτσα),[6] a Slavic toponym.

Nearby places include Kato Tithorea to the northeast and Agia Marina to the east.
External links

Municipality of Tithorea (Greek) (English)

References

^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
^ Oreivatein.com
^ Histories (Herodotus)/Book VIII ὡς δὲ ἐκ τῆς Δωρίδος ἐς τὴν Φωκίδα ἐσέβαλον, αὐτοὺς μὲν τοὺς Φωκέας οὐκ αἱρέουσι. οἳ μὲν γὰρ τῶν Φωκέων ἐς τὰ ἄκρα τοῦ Παρνησοῦ ἀνέβησαν. ἔστι δὲ καὶ ἐπιτηδέη δέξασθαι ὅμιλον τοῦ Παρνησοῦ ἡ κορυφή, κατὰ Νέωνα πόλιν κειμένη ἐπ᾽ ἑωυτῆς· Τιθορέα οὔνομα αὐτῇ· ἐς τὴν δὴ ἀνηνείκαντο καὶ αὐτοὶ ἀνέβησαν
^ Kato Titiorea Gymnasium (Secondary School), History of Tithorea (Γυμνάσιο Κάτω Τιθορέας, η ιστορία της Τιθορέας) (Greek)
^ Arxaiologia.gr Article from the archeologist Fotis Dasios(Greek)
^ Name changes of settlements in Greece

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