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Pydna (in Greek: Πύδνα, older transliteration: Púdna) was a Greek city in ancient Macedon, the most important in Pieria. Modern Pydna is a small town and a former municipality in the northeastern part of Pieria regional unit, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Pydna-Kolindros, of which it is a municipal unit.[1] Pydna is situated in fertile land to the north of the Pierian plain. Hills and mountains dominate the west, while beaches and the Thermian Gulf dominate the east. Pydna is linked with GR-1/E75 through its interchange to its west and in Kitros. The old highway ran through Pydna. It is located N of Larissa, NE of Katerini, ESE of Veria and WSW of Thessaloniki.

Nearest places

Methoni, north
Korinos, southwest
Katerini, southwest

Ancient Pydna

Pydna was already a part of the Macedonian kingdom under Alexander I (Thucydides I.131.1). It was unsuccessfully besieged by the Athenians in 432 BC and again, after seceding from the Macedonian kingdom, in 410 BC by Archelaus I who successfully captured the city and transferred its population further inland, possibly at the site of modern Kitros; however, the old site was re-peopled in the early 4th century. The Athenians, under Timotheus, seized Pydna in 364-363 BC, only to have it retaken in 357 BC by Philip II of Macedon. Pydna would remain part of the kingdom of Macedonia until its Roman conquest. In 317 BC, Alexander III's mother, Olympias took refuge there to escape from Cassander's wrath, incurred by Olympias' scheming against Phillip III and his wife. Cassander besieged the city and managed to capture it during the spring of 316 BC.

The Battle of Pydna (June 22, 168 BC), in which the Roman general Aemilius Paulus defeated King Perseus, ended the reign of the Antigonid dynasty over Macedon.
Other

Pydna has Primary and Secondary schools, banks, a post office, sports facilities, beaches located to the east, and traditional Greek "Plateia" - town and village "squares". (plateies).
Population
Year Municipal district Municipality
1981 1,882 -
1991 1,789 4,678
References

^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

Léon Heuzey, H. Daumet, Mission archéologique de Macédoine (Archaeological Mission in Macedonia), Paris, 1876, 239-266.
R. Danoff, RE s. v. "Pydna", Suppl. X (1965), 833-842.

External links

Livius, Pydna by Jona Lendering (ancient history of Pydna)
Ancient Pydna
http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/history/A0840609.html
[1] The Battle of Pydna
The Third Macedonian War and the Battle of Pydna (168 BC) by John Foss
Borza, E., R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 491703 (Pydna)". Pleiades. Retrieved March 8, 2012 11:53 am.

See also

List of settlements in the Pieria regional unit

Ancient Greece

Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire

Modern Greece

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