Prastos (Greek: Πράστος) is a settlement in Arcadia prefecture in Greece. Formerly, Prastos was the premier town of the Tsakonian region, but declined in importance after its devastation by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt during the Greek War of Independence and a general economic migration to urban areas that occurred in the following decades.
During the Ottoman period, Prastos was the leading city of Tsakonia, and one of the richest in the Peloponnese. The inhabitants had special trading rights granted by the Sublime Porte, which contributed to the town's economic success. It was the seat of a bishopric, that of "Rheoi and Prastos."
During the Greek War of Independence, the town was sacked by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt and its olive groves burned, making the settlement unsuitable for habitation for decades hence. Much of the surviving population fled to Leonidio and the Argolid and could not be persuaded to return to the relatively less fertile mountains even after the olive groves had recovered.
^ Θανάσης Κωστάκης (Αθήνα, 1951). Συντομή Γραμματική της Τσακωνικής Διάλεκτου. 35 Collection De L'Institut Français D'Athenes, p. 15
^ Costakis, p. 16
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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