Pelopio (Greek: : Πελόπιο) is a Greek settlement. Pelopio is related with the name Pelops. Pelopio is bypassed with the old GR-74 (Pyrgos - Tripoli) at around the 131st to 132nd km and had been since the mid to late 20th century. Pelopio had a 2001 population of 1,057 for the village. Pelopio is in the municipality of Ancient Olympia.
The village was founded in the 15th century during the Ottoman rule. It was founded by Turkish-Albanians who named it originally "Krekouki" which means in their language the red head. It was named later Pelopio which comes by the King of Peloponnese Pelopas, who probably stopped in this area to drink where he gave his name to that place.
This village is located about 320 km southwest of Athens 15 km east of Pyrgos, 5 km of Olympia, about 115 km (old: 113 km) south-southwest of Patras, about 6 to 8 km west-northwest of Ancient Olympia, about 130 km west of Tripoli
Pelopio is located north of the Alfeios valley. It contains many hills and forests around the area and are as tall as from 30 to 50 m. Farmlands are located within the village and the valley area. Forests includes pines, firs, spruces and cypresses.
Pelopio has approximately 10 to 15 km of paved roads and 15 to 20 km of gravel roads. Pelopio also has approximately 10 km of hydro lines as well as phone lines.
Houses were stone-built until the 1950s and did not surpass modern-style homes until the 1980s. It was linked with pavement in the 1980s. Most of the homes are abandoned today.
After World War II and the Greek Civil War, much of the population left for larger towns and cities like Patras Athens and Thessaloniki while other few people immigrated to other countries like Germany, Switzerland, the United States and Canada. The population remained steady since the mid to late 20th century. The population slowly grew but another town called Platanos located to the east jumped over its population which dropped to being third in the municipality after Olympia and before Chelidoni as a village and Strefi as a municipal district.
The village was endangered by a fire that arrived from the south of the banks of the Alfeios, flames plundered the forests around the area and changed its geographical shape to an ashy situation, some flames came from the northwest which included Varvasaina. Firefighters battled the blaze along with choppers and airplanes and began on Saturday August 25 and continued through Monday August 27, 2007.
The surroundings of Pelopio was hit by a tornado in early November 2009. Minor damages were reported including its buildings. Several greenhouses used for vegetables were ruined and one person lost about 20 to 30 of its cattle.
Its main production are fruits, vegetables, olives and cattle along with businesses and services. The majority of the production are olives.
Vyron Davos, writer, mainly written on Ilia as well as its history
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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