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Palaia Fokaia (Greek: Παλαιά Φώκαια meaning Old Phocaea) is a former community and a town (pop. 2,436 in 2001) in southeastern Attica. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Saronikos, of which it is a municipal unit.[1]


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Geography

Palaia Fokaia is located approximately 40 km SE of Athens, S of the Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, NW of Cape Sounio. Souniou Avenue (GR-91) connects Palaia Fokaia with Athens and Sounio. Another road runs east towards Lavrio.

Mountains cover the eastern part of the community, consisting mostly of rocks and grasslands. Forests lie to the east and to the north. The remaining area, including one further northwest, is covered by farmlands and residential buildings. Rocky seashore dominates the southern part. In general, the terrain is quite hilly, apart from the northwest which is mostly flat. The community includes town of Thymári (pop. 687) and the small, rocky and deforested island of Patroklos (Νήσι Πατρόκλου Nisou Patroklou), which is uninhabited.

The population was rural until the 1960s. Farmlands used to dominate the northern part. Suburban housing appeared in the 1980s and, by the 1990s, the majority of population was urban. Later, Palaia Fokaia became part of the Athens Metropolitan Area. Tourism and commerce have been the most popular business sectors in Palaia Fokaia after the shift from a rural economy.

The town has restaurants, shops, bars and taverns, next to the beach and surrounding the highway. Hotels also cover the coastline. Trees surround the coastline, from the junction of the highway with the road to Kalyvia Thorikou all the way to the eastern part of the beach. A park is in the centre of the area and a beach lies to the west and an amusement park used mainly in the weekends lies to the northwest.

Other

Palaia Fokaia has schools, lyceums, gymnasia, banks, churches, a post office and squares (plateies).

Historical population
Year Village population Community population
1981 1,430 -
1991 1,631 2,051
2001 2,436 3,123

See also

List of municipalities of Attica
Saronikos, Attica


References

^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

Municipalities of Athens

Agia Varvara | Agia Paraskevi | Agioi Anargyroi | Agios Dimitrios | Athens | Aigaleo | Alimos | Amarousi | Argyroupoli | Chaidari | Chalandri | Cholargos | Dafni | Ellinikon | Filothei | Galatsi | Glyfada | Heraklio | Ilio | Ilioupoli | Kaisariani | Kallithea | Kamatero | Kifissia | Lykovryssi | Melissia | Metamorfosi | Nea Chalkidona | Nea Erythraia | Nea Ionia | Nea Filadelfeia | Nea Smyrni | Neo Psychiko | Palaio Faliro | Papagou | Pefki | Peristeri | Petroupoli | Psychiko | Tavros | Vrilissia | Vyrona | Ymittos | Zografou

(Non-municipal) Communities of Athens prefectural department

Ekali | Nea Penteli | Penteli

Municipalities of East Attica

Acharnai | Agios Stefanos | Artemida | Avlona | Gerakas | Glyka Nera | Kalyvia Thorikou | Keratea | Kropia | Lavreotiki | Marathon | Markopoulo Mesogeias | Nea Makri | Paiania | Pallini | Rafina | Spata | Vari | Vouliagmeni | Voula

(Non-municipal)Communities of East Attica

Afidnes | Agios Konstantinos | Anavyssos | Anoixi | Anthousa | Dionysos | Drosia | Grammatiko | Kalamos | Kapandriti | Kouvaras | Kryoneri | Malakasa | Markopoulo Oropou | Nea Palatia | Oropos | Palaia Fokaia | Pikermi | Polydendri | Rodopoli | Saronida | Skala Oropou | Stamata | Sykamino | Thrakomakedones | Varnava

Municipalities of the Piraeus prefectural department

Aegina | Agios Ioannis Rentis | Ampelakia Salaminas | Hydra | Korydallos | Kythira | Drapetsona | Methana | Nikaia | Perama | Piraeus | Poros | Salamina | Spetses | Troizina

(Non-municipal) Communities of the Piraeus prefectural department

Angistri | Antikythira

Provinces of the Piraeus prefectural department

Aigina | Kythira

Municipalities of West Attica

Ano Liosia | Aspropyrgos | Eleusis | Erythres | Fyli | Mandra | Megara | Nea Peramos | Vilia | Zefyri

(Non-Municipal) Communities of West Attica

Magoula | Oinoi

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