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Administrative Region : West Greece
Regional unit : Ilia

Greek: Ωλένη) is a village and a former municipality in Elis, West Greece, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Pyrgos, of which it is a municipal unit.[1] The seat of the municipality was in Karatoula. It is located about 20 km S of Simopoulo, NE of Pyrgos, SE of Amaliada, E of Vounargo and NW of Olympia. The largest community is Goumero. In the 19th century, the municipality was known as Olenas.


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Subdivisions

Division of the municipality

Statistics
Prefecture: prefecture of Ilia
Province: Province of Ilia
Seat: Karatoula
Location: 37°44'25'' N 21°33'24'' E
Population: (2001) 9.026
Elevation:
 -lowest:
 -centre:

around 100 m
240 m(centre)
around 600 m
Communes: 16
Postal code: 270 64
Area/distance code: 11-30-26210 (030-26210)-6
Municipal code: 1722
Car designation: HA
3-letter abbreviation: OLN


Historical population
Year Village Municipality
1981 594 -
1991 964 7,560
2001 981 9,026

Mayors

Dimosthenos Dogkas (1875-1881)
Dimisthenos Dogkas 1887-several years later
There were no mayors between 1912 and the mid to late 1990s.

History

The place dates back to the ancient times like a town which called "Amphidolis".

Strabo's Geography

Str. 8.3.10 (Weight: 0.2) _ [ 10 ] τὸ δ' Ἀλείσιον ἔστι τὸ νῦν Ἀλεσιαῖον, χώρα περὶ τὴν Ἀμφιδολίδα, ἐν ᾗ καὶ κατὰ μῆνα ἀγορὰν συνάγουσιν οἱ περίοικοι: κεῖται δὲ ἐπὶ τῆς ὀρεινῆς ὁδοῦ τῆς ἐξ Ἤλιδος εἰς Ὀλυμπίαν: πρότερον δ' ἦν πόλις τῆς Πισάτιδος, ἄλλοτ' ἄλλως τῶν ὅρων ἐπαλλαττόντων διὰ τὰς τῶν ἡγεμόνων μεταβολάς:

<<... Aleisium is the present Alesiaeum, a territory in the neighbourhood of Amphidolis, in which the people of the surrounding country hold a monthly market. It is situated on the mountain-road that runs from Elis to Olympia. In earlier times it was a city of Pisatis, for the boundaries have varied at different times on account of the change of rulers. The poet also calls Aleisium "Hill of Aleisium," when he says: "until we caused our horses to set foot on Buprasium, rich in wheat, and on the Olenian Rock, and of Aleisium where is the place called Hill" (we must interpret the words as a case of hyperbole, that is, as equivalent to "and where is the place called Hill of Aleisium"). Some writers point also to a river Aleisius... >>

The Aleisius River is near Karatoula and much of the area and the municipality are forested while the remainder of the land has some farmland, rivers, and streams.

References

^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

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