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Nea Zichni (Greek: Νέα Ζίχνη, Bulgarian: Зиляхово, Zilyahovo,[1][2][3] Turkish: Zihne[4]) is a municipality in the Serres peripheral unit, of Central Macedonia periphery, Greece. Population 15,073 (2001). Nea Zichni is also the name of the administrative seat of the municipality. Population 2,421 (2001).


History

The city was originally built next to the marches of Lake Achinos, and it was called Ichna (Greek: Ίχνα). It was a Paionian city, that was sometime in the 5th cBC or early 4th cBC incorporated into the Macedonian Kingdom. Another city by the same name Ichna is mentioned by Thucidides being next to Pella, by the Loudias and Axios Delta. The name Ichna (Greek: Ίχνα) is a Paionian cognate of the Greek word "ichnos" (Greek: ίχνος) which means "stepping ground" a name appropriate for a city built on the sand between the marsh and the lake (or rhw sea).[5] The original Ichna remained a city throughout the Hellenistic Roman and Byzantine eras, only to be destroyed and was rebuilt far from the lake in its original position on the hills. During the ottoman years it was a kaza centre in Serez sanjak of Selanik Province at Ottoman Empire before Balkan Wars as "Zihne".[6]

Division of the former municipality of Nea Zichni:

Agios Christoforos

Agios Christoforos is a village known in the past as Horovista. In 1924 it was renamed after a church.

Agriani

Agriani is a mountain village (alt. c. 650 m), before 1923 known as Klepousna.

Gazoros

Gazoros is a village , earlier known as Porna, it was renamed in the year 1926 after an acient city in the region. The village was attacked by Bulgarians in the period 1916/8.

Mavrolofos

Mavrolofos (in Greek from "Black hill") is a village founded mainly by refuges after the Minor Asia catastrophe.

Mesorrachi

Mesorrachi is a village known in the past as Rachova until in 1930 it was renamed. In 1916 it was attacked by the Bulgarians only a few of the mens of the village survived. The current population is mainly from refuges from Minor Asia after the 1922 events.

Myrkinos

Myrkinos is a village named after the ancient place Myrkinos of the Thracians called Idones. It is 500 m from the River Strymon. Aristagoras tried to conquer Myrkonos in 497 BC but was killed. In the Byzantine Period it was mentioned as Doxompos or Doxompus

Myrrini

Myrrini is a village in the past known as Kotsaki, formed by two earlier settlements. It was destroyed by the Bulgarians in the year 1913, another attacked followed three years later. In 1925 it was renamed to Myrrini. Myrrini was an independent community now a department of Nea Zichni.

Nea Petra

Nea Petra is a city founded by refuges from the Thracian city Petra after the Minor Asia catastrophe

Sfelinos

Sfelinos is a village earlier known as Sfolenos

Municipality

The municipality Nea Zichni was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[7]

Alistrati
Nea Zichni
References

^ Ethnographie des Vilayets d'Andrinople, de Monastir et de Salonique, 1878, reprint in Bulgarian: „Македония и Одринско. Статистика на населението от 1873 г.“ Македонски научен институт, София, 1995, стр. 146 - 147.
^ Кънчов, Васил. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“. София, 1900, стр.181.
^ Brancoff, D.M. "La Macédoine et sa Population Chrétienne". Paris, 1905, рр. 202-203.
^ http://www.hbvdergisi.gazi.edu.tr/ui/dergiler/makale8.pdf
^ Miltiades E. Bolaris: "Macedonian names and makeDONSKI pseudo-linguistics: The case of the name Pella" [1]
^ http://muhacirin.blogcu.com/su-albumden-selanik-hatiralari-ekleyen-selanik-selanik-vilayet/7614320 Administrative Division of Selanik Province (Turkish)
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

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