Mourtzana (Greek: Μουρτζανά) is a village in Greece situated on the Old National Road Rethymno - Heraklion. It belongs to the municipal unit of Kouloukonas in Crete.
Mourtzana was built after the re-conquest of Crete by Nikiforos Fokas from the Saracens in 961 AD. The island was under the Saracens' rule for about 134 years. During that time, one of the main policies of the Byzantines was to re-Hellanize the island. Hence, many noble families were given lands for incentive that eventually became feudal villages named after the families.
Mourtzana was a village that was established by the Mourtzanos family. Mourtzanos is a Saracen nickname for coral (Mourjan) which means "dark red."
The village is considered one of the richest in architecture in Milopotamos, dated from Venetian rule. It was conquered by the Ottoman Turks who gave privileges to the Mourtzanos family by offering them the Turkish noble title "Agha."
List of settlements in the Rethymno prefecture
I Archontoromaiiki Oikogeneia "Mourtzanos". Kritologika Grammata. Rethimnon. 17. 2001. Pages 303-321
Map of Mourtzana
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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