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Administrative Region : Crete
Regional unit : Rethymno

Maroulas (Μαρουλάς) is a local community of the Rethymno Municipality in the Rethymno (regional unit) of the region of Crete established by Kallikratis reform. Capital of the new municipality is Rethymnon. It is traditional settlement and is classified in Class II, that is of average cultural value (Government Gazette 728/21-9-1995).[1]


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Geography, origin of name, history

Maroulas lies southeast of Rethymno and 10 kilometers from this city at an altitude of 240 meters. Most buildings date back to the Venetian period, but the area is likely to be inhabited since the Minoan period. According to tradition, the village took its name from the shepherdess Maroula, who, while grazing her sheep in the region, found a spring of cool digestive water.

Population of Maroulas[2]

Name 1940 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Maroulas 472 374 312 221 184 188 192
Dilofo - - - - - - 26
Total 472 374 312 221 184 188 218
Archaeological discoveries , important buildings, Temples

Two cemeteries of the palatial period of Minoan period have been revealed in the area. The findings of the cemeteries are exhibited at the Archeological Museum of Rethymno.
One of the two towers of Maroula

The Venetians built two towers, are still preserved and other buildings with battlements, and there are several coats of arms on the doors of buildings. In 1630 Turks settled in Maroulas. One can also see a mill, alarge arched doors of Venetian mansions, narrow streets, arches.[3]

The Temple of Prophet Elias built at the top of the hill with a magnificent view to the Cretan Sea.
Miscellaneous

There is public bus service (KTEL) from/to Rethymno (two services, morning and noon on weekdays and no services on weekends) [4]

Since 21 July 2005 the area of Maroulas is included in the Cadastre system and is under the authority of the Cadastral Office of Rethymno (20 Hortatzis Str., ZIP: 74100, Rethymno, Phone n.: 0030-28310-22403)[5]
Rethymno (former) district
See also

List of settlements in the Rethymno regional unit
External links

Photo Gallery, Web site of municipality of Rethymnno retrieved at 10 April 2012
Cycling routes, Web site of Tourism Promotion Committee of Rethymno Prefecture, retrieved at 10 April 2012

References

^ Ministry of Environment, Archive of Traditional Settlements and Listed Buildings retrieved at 10 Arpil 2012
^ Hellenic Statistical Authority, Digital Library (ELSAT), Census (Greek and English)
^ Presentation of Maroulas at the website of the Municipality of Rethymno retrieved at 10 April 2012
^ Bus timetables, Maroulas (in german)
^ "Greek Cadastre Areas". Ktimatologio S.A.. Retrieved 9-4-2012.

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