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Manna is a village in Corinthia, southern Greece. It is a municipal district of the municipality Xylokastro. It resides at the mountain foot of Ziria at an elevation of 850m. The name originates from a spring in the village. Before that the village was named Markasi which is a Turkish word that means Marias eyebrow because of the mountain line above the village which looks like an eyebrow.

History

The village was founded at 1800 from colonists that came from Barbitsa and from Lagadia Arkadias. Members of the family Barbitsioti settled in Markasi at around 1820. The village participated in the revolution of 1821 against the Turks. Under the leadership of Basili Barbitsioti they fortified under a rock at the entrance of the village and drive the Turks away many times. At that time the family Barbitsioti built the church of Ag. Dimitrios. During World War II the village was the only one that wasn't demolished by the Germans because the women of the village found a dead German that was killed during a battle and buried him with all the honors they buried a Greek man. So the German commander order not to harm anybody and not destroy the village. The village has a beautiful church Ag. Konstantinos-Elenis which was built from the stones the villagers carried from the mountain at 1880
When the earthquakes of 1921 struck two large rocks fell of the mountain 6mX4m but they stopped right before the church and did not destroy the homes of the villagers.

It is the biggest village of Xylokastro with a population of 650 permanent citizens. Another spring that resides in the village has the phenomenon of tide for 6 hours the water is released and for another 6 it is not. The phenomenon is inexplicable yet because there are no similar phenomenon in the greater area of Corinth.
The mountain is private because the citizens have bought it from Notara after the revolution. The village produces apples/oil and other fruits. The apples are famous in Greece like the apples from Pilio.
Population
Year Population
1879 609
1889 700
1907 908
1928 1024
1940 1249
1951 977
1971 765
1991 670
External links

Official website (in Greek)
Mapquest - Xylokastro
GTP - Xylokastro
GTP - Municipality of Xylokastro
GTP - Hotel Fadira of Xylokastro
Indexmundi - Xylokastro

See also

List of settlements in Corinthia

Ancient Greece

Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire

Modern Greece

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