Livadeia (Greek: Λιβαδειά – Livadeia or Λεβάδεια – Levadeia as well as Λειβαδιά – Leivadia, Modern Greek: [livaˈðʝa]) is a city in central Greece. It is the capital of the prefecture Boeotia. Livadeia is located 130 km NW of Athens, E of Nafpaktos, ESE of Amfissa and Desfina, SE of Lamia and west of Chalkida. Livadeia is linked with GR-48 and several kilometres west of GR-3. The area around Livadeia are mountainous while farmlands are mainly in valley areas. Levadia's industry are urban and rural in the outskirts. It is also home to Levadiakos FC who are in the Super League Greece.
The municipality Livadeia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units (constituent communities in brackets):
Chaironeia (Agios Vlasios, Akonti, Anthochori, Chaironeia, Profitis Ilias, Prosili, Thouri, Vasilika)
Davleia (Davleia, Mavroneri, Parori)
Koroneia (Agia Anna, Agia Triada, Agios Georgios, Alalkomenes, Koroneia)
Livadeia (Lafystio, Livadeia, Romaiiko)
The community Livadeia consists of the following outlying settlements (besides the town itself): Agios Nikolaos Livadeias (pop: 25), Analypsis Livadeias (pop: 184), Elikon (pop: 43), Perachora (pop: 279), Stathmos (pop: 3), Tzimeika (pop: 25) and Tsoukoulades (pop: 149).
Year Town population Municipality population
1981 18,885 –
1991 19,295 –
2001 20,061 20,769
Pausanias, writing in the 2nd century CE, reported that the original name of the city was Mideia, and that it took its name Lebadeia from Lebedos of Athens, who moved the city to its current location on the banks of the Herkyna river (Bk IX.39). The sacred protector of the city was the hero/god Trophonios, whose oracle, involving a harrowing descent into an underground chamber, was famous beyond the borders of Greece. At the springs of the Herkyna river are shallow grottos with niches and marble remnants said to be the site of the oracle. On the hill above is a small medieval castle, mostly the work of the Catalan Company during the 14th century, accessible by foot. Further west, commanding a dramatic view from the hill of Profitis Ilias, are the remains of a large temple of Zeus Basileus, perhaps begun in the 3rd century BCE but never completed. The cathedral church of St. George houses an important relic, a head of St. George, translated to Venice in the 15th century but restored to Livadeia as a gesture of interfaith cooperation in 1999. In medieval times the river was lined by a series of water mills, one of which is preserved.
University of Central Greece
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
^ Hansen, Mogens et al., Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford 2004
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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