Krinides or Crenides (Greek, Modern/Monotonic: Κρηνίδες, Ancient/Polytonic: Κρηνἱδες) is a town and an ancient site that includes the archaeological site of Philippi in the Kavala Prefecture in eastern Macedonia. Krinides is the seat of the municipality of Filippoi south of the Pangaion hills. The mountains dominate most of the municipality including the Lekani mountains while the farmlands as well as the Philippi-Drama plain is to the northwest. Krinides is located SE of Serres, E of Thessaloniki, SW of Drama and NW of Kavala.
Crenides was a colony of the island of Thasos. Crenides was founded in 360 BC by the Athenian politician in exile Callistratus in the foothills south of Mount Orbelos (modern Lekani) in eastern Macedonia. The name originates from the present close to the sources. The small colony was threatened by Thracian tribes and probably had a conflict with the metropolis. In 356 BC, called in by the King Philip II of Macedon with his help. This lasted to the refoundation of the city which was renamed Philippi after himself.
Krinides is a modern town located near GR-12/E90 and is accessed with the Via Egnatia. The name Krinides was taken to a small town close to the archaeological site of Philippi and the municipality is named after the ancient city. In 1922, Greek refugees arrived from Asia Minor during the Greco-Turkish War and the descendants make up most of the population.
Krinides has a few schools, a lyceum, a gymnasia, two churches and a few squares (plateia).
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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