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Periphery:Peloponnese

Statistics
Periphery: Peloponnese
Capital: Corinth
Area: 2,290 km ²
Inhabitants: 153,941 (2001)
Pop. density: 67.22 inh./km ²
ISO 3166-2: GR-15
Car designation KP
Code for the municipalities: 30xx
Number of municipalities 15
Area codes in Greece: 11+30-274x0
Name of inhabitants Corinthian sing.
Corinthians pl.
Postal code: 20x xx
Website: Homepage of Corinthia

Corinthia (Greek: Κορινθία, Korinthía) is the area around the city of Corinth. Presently, it is a prefecture of Greece, part of the periphery of Peloponnese. It is the second-most populated prefecture on the Peloponnese peninsula.

The Corinth Canal, carrying ship traffic between the northern Mediterranean and the Aegean, is about 4 km east of Corinth, cutting through the Isthmus of Corinth. Agioi Theodoroi is the easternmost Corinthian community and is considered a suburb of Athens.

The area around Corinth and the western Saronic including the southeastern part are made up of fault lines including the Corinth Fault and the Poseidon Fault and includes one running from Perachora to Agioi Theodoroi. More faults are near Kria Vrysi and Sofiko.

Agriculture

The area is made up of many farmlands to the north and the west where it has olives, tomatoes, vegetables, pasture lands while the small mountains dominate the west, and some in the east and mountains dominate the south and northeast.

Its tallest mountain is Kyllini to its west.

History

From 1833 to 1899, it included Argolis and was known as Argolidocorinthia and included Hydra, Spetses and Kythira. Argolis joined Corinthia to re-form Argolidocorinthia again in 1909. Forty years later, in 1949, the prefecture was finally separated from Argolis, then Argolidocorinthia.

Climate

The climate of Corinthia has hot summers and mild winters. Most of the snow are founded in the mountains. In 2003, a torrential downpour devastated tens of cars on a local street and flooded properties.

Acrocorinth, Click images to enlarge

Paus. 2.4.6

The Acrocorinthus is a mountain peak above the city, assigned to Helius by Briareos when he acted as adjudicator, and handed over, the Corinthians say, by Helius to Aphrodite. As you go up this Acrocorinthus you see two precincts of Isis, one if Isis surnamed Pelagian (Marine) and the other of Egyptian Isis, and two of Serapis, one of them being of Serapis called “in Canopus.” After these are altars to Helius, and a sanctuary of Necessity and Force, into which it is not customary to enter.

Above it are a temple of the Mother of the gods and a throne; the image and the throne are made of stone. The temple of the Fates and that of Demeter and the Maid have images that are not exposed to view. Here, too, is the temple of Hera Bunaea set up by Bunus the son of Hermes. It is for this reason that the goddess is called Bunaea.

Acrocorinth, 9km S of Corinth. Ancient Acropolis, Fortification by Byzantines, Francs, Venetians and Ottomans.

Transportation

The area is connected by highways:

E65, and with GR-8 to the boundary west of Derveni
Greece Interstate 7
Greece Interstate 8
Greece Interstate 8A/E94 from Corinth to the boundary.
Greece Interstate 66

Municipalities

Municipality Municipal code Seat Postal code
Agioi Theodoroi 3001 Agioi Theodoroi 200 03
Assos-Lechaio 3002 Perigialo 200 11
Corinth 3006 Corinth 201 00
Evrostini 3005 Derveni 200 09
Feneos 3015 Goura 200 14
Loutraki-Perachoras 3007 Loutraki 203 00
Nemea 3008 Nemea 205 00
Saronikos 3010 Athikia 200 05
Sikyonies 3011 Kiato 202 00
Solygia 3012 Sofiko 200 04
Stymfalia 3013 Kaliani 200 16
Tenea 3014 Chiliomodi 200 08
Velo 3003 Velo 200 02
Vocha 3004 Zefgolatio 200 01
Xylokastro 3009 Xylokastro 204 00

Places

Agioi Theodoroi
Corinth
Derveni
Kiato
Loutraki
Nemea
Stymfalia
Xylokastro

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