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Chromonastiri (Χρωμοναστήρι) is a local community of the Rethymno Municipality in the Rethymno (regional unit) of the region of Crete established by Kallikratis reform. Previously, it was part of the former municipality of Rethymno. Capital of the new municipality is Rethymnon. Chromonastiri is a traditional settlement and is classified in Class II, that is of average cultural value (Government Gazette 728/21-9-1995) [1]. Buildings with Venetian architectural elements are scattered throughout the village. In the years 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2009 Chromonastiri received an award of the '"cleaner and organized traditional community"' [2]


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sign to Chromonastiri, the War Museum and Rousospiti
The settlements of the former municipality of Rethymno

Origin of name, History

Chromonastiri is located 11 km southeast of Rethymno, east of the Mount Vrisinas at an altitude of 360 meters [3] The name means “Color and Monastery”, and propably this name comes by the coexistence of the village and the monastery of Panayía Kerá (back to the Second Byzantine and Venetian period). Built around the 12th-13th centuries and has been characterized as a traditional village, as several buildings were built during the Venetian period. The local community of Chromonastiri consists of four settlements: Chromonastiri, Prinedes (Πρινέδες), Kapediana (Καπεδιανά) and Myli, Rethymno (Μύλοι).

Population of Chromonastiri [4]

Settlement 1940 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Chromonastiri 439 347 293 173 294 237 358
Kapediana 102 64 48 35 27 19 28
Myli 99 75 52 36 39 31 39
Prinedes - - - - - 29 57
Total 640 486 393 244 360 316 482
Temples, Monuments, Major Buildings

The Church of Panayía Kerá is a painted Byzantine church of cruciform shape with a dome, dating from the 11th century, with frescoes of 14th century [2]

Church of Panagia Kera


Paintings in the Church of Panagia Kera


sign to Chromonastiri, the War Museum and Rousospiti
The settlements of the former municipality of Rethymno


Another important Byzantine church of the 11th century - that of Ayios Eftychios - is situated outside Chromonastiri at the area called Perdíki Metóhi, again with amazing frescoes of the 11th century (amazing are the huge eyes of the saints and especially of Christ)[5]

Church of Agios Eftychios


Inside the Church of Agios Eftychios

The Parish Church of this settlement is St. George Church.

Villa Clodio: Buildings with Venetian architectural elements are scattered in the village, but the most important building is the so-called Villa Clodio, which used to be the summer residence of Venetian nobles from Rethymno [6] and in the Ottoman period it was a house of an Ottoman dignitary (konak) [7]. It is a magnificent mansion which has been restored and houses the Military museum. The Military Museum houses many exhibits - military uniforms, weapons of various ages, decorations, etc. [8]


The oil mill of Prinari: The old factory (oil mill) of Prinari, fully renovated, with all its old equipment, located in the settlement, welcomes you to it's cultural learning centre for an experience to learn all things relating to the olive and it's milling process. [9] [10]
Daily life, Festivities

The village celebrates Saint Panteleimon’s name day (27 July)
Miscellaneous

There is public bus service (KTEL) from Rethymno (two services, morning and noon on weekdays and not weekends) [11]

Since 7 July 2005 the area of Chromonastiri is included in the Cadastre system and is under the authority of the Cadastral Office of Rethymno (20 Hortatzis Str., ZIP: 74100, Rethymno, Phone n.: 0030-28310-22403)[12]
See also

List of settlements in the Rethymno regional unit
External links

Photo Gallery, Web site of municipality of Rethymnno retrieved at 9 April 2012
Cycling routes, Web site of Tourism Promotion Committee of Rethymno Prefecture, retrieved at 9 Arpil 2012
Route:Rethymno - Aghia Irini - Roussospiti - Chromonastiri - Myli - Rethymno, Tourism Promotion Committee of Rethymno Prefecture retrieved at 9 April 2012

References

^ Antonogiannakis Michael, The Vrisinas, The Mount Rethemnous, topographic, geographic, historical, social and folkloric perspective, Athens 2010 (in greek), p 382
^ a b "The rewarded settlements in Rethymno, Chromonastiri.". Tourism Promotion Committee of Rethymno Prefecture. Retrieved 9-4-2012.
^ Papyrus Larousse Britannica, Athens, 1996
^ Hellenic Statistical Authority, Digital Library (ELSAT), Census (Greek and English)
^ "Churches and monasteries, Aghios Eftychios". Tourism Promotion Committee of Rethymno Prefecture. Retrieved 9-4-2012.
^ "Private Buildings, The villa Clodio in the village of Chromonastiri". Tourism Promotion Committee of Rethymno Prefecture. Retrieved 9-4-2012.
^ Digital Crete-ITE-Villa Clodio accessed at 11 April 2012
^ "Military Museum, Chromonastiri". Tourism Promotion Committee of Rethymno Prefecture. Retrieved 9-4-2012.
^ "Private collections in Rethymno, The mill of Prinari, Chromonastiri". Tourism Promotion Committee of Rethymno Prefecture. Retrieved 9-4-2012.
^ "The mill of Prinari (agrotourism)". Web site of Rethymno municipality. Retrieved 9-4-2012.
^ Bus timetables, Chromonastiri (in german)
^ "Greek Cadastre Areas". Ktimatologio S.A.. Retrieved 9-4-2012.

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