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East Mani (Greek: Ανατολική Μάνη - Anatolikí Máni) is a municipality in Laconia, Peloponnese, Greece. Its seat of administration is the town Gytheio.[1] The municipality is located in the eastern part of the Mani Peninsula. The mountains filled with rocks and grasslands lies to the west and farmlands are within the coastline and valley areas.

History

The town of Kotronas was founded in around 1500 BC. It emerged to become a major port. Kotronas was named by Homer. Part of the Mycenaean navy that sent out to Troy was stationed there. When the Dorians took over Mani, Laconia and parts of Messenia, Kotronas' role as a major port was replaced by Gytheio. In the Roman period, Kotronas, along with the rest of Mani was left untouched by the Romans but due to their ferocity and wild nature, the inhabitants were too dangerous for the Romans to fight so it never became part of the Roman Empire[CN]. Kotronas suffered greatly from pirate raids.


Municipality

Division of the the former municipality of East Mani

The new municipality East Mani was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[1]

East Mani
Gytheio
Oitylo
Smynos

Population

The population development of the municipal unit East Mani is listed below.
Year Population
1991 2,024
2001 2,111
Economy

Its economy relies on fishing, olive oil and tourism.
References

^ a b Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

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