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Clipperton Island (North America)

Introduction ::Clipperton Island


This isolated island was named for John CLIPPERTON, a pirate who made it his hideout early in the 18th century. Annexed by France in 1855, it was seized by Mexico in 1897. Arbitration eventually awarded the island to France, which took possession in 1935.

Geography ::Clipperton Island


Middle America, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,120 km southwest of Mexico

Geographic coordinates:
10 17 N, 109 13 W

Map references:

Political Map of the World


total: 6 sq km country comparison to the world: 244 land: 6 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

about 12 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

0 km


11.1 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


tropical; humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees C, wet season (May to October)


coral atoll

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Rocher Clipperton 29 m

Natural resources:


Land use:

arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (all coral) (2005)

Irrigated land:

0 sq km

Natural hazards:

Environment - current issues:

Geography - note:

reef 12 km in circumference

People ::Clipperton Island



Government ::Clipperton Island

Country name:

conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Clipperton Island

local long form: none

local short form: Ile Clipperton

former: sometimes called Ile de la Passion

Dependency status:

possession of France; administered directly by the Minister of Overseas France

Legal system:

the laws of France where applicable apply

Flag description:

the flag of France is used

Economy ::Clipperton Island

Economy - overview:

Although 115 species of fish have been identified in the territorial waters of Clipperton Island, the only economic activity is tuna fishing.

Transportation ::Clipperton Island

Ports and terminals:

none; offshore anchorage only

Military ::Clipperton Island

Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of France

Transnational Issues ::Clipperton Island

Disputes - international:



Hellenica World