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Thomas Hill


Thomas Hill Painting - Indian By A Lake In A Majestic California Landscape by Thomas Hill

Indian By A Lake In A Majestic California Landscape

Thomas Hill Painting - Indians Of The Northwest by Thomas Hill

Indians Of The Northwest

Thomas Hill Painting - El Capitan by Thomas Hill

El Capitan

Thomas Hill Painting - Indians Fishing In Yosemite by Thomas Hill

Indians Fishing In Yosemite

Thomas Hill Painting - Yosemite by Thomas Hill


Thomas Hill Painting - Yosemite Valley by Thomas Hill

Yosemite Valley

Thomas Hill Painting - Bridal Veil Falls. Yosemite Valley by Thomas Hill

Bridal Veil Falls. Yosemite Valley

Thomas Hill Painting - Nevada Falls. Yosemite by Thomas Hill

Nevada Falls. Yosemite

Thomas Hill Painting - Vernal Falls. Yosemite by Thomas Hill

Vernal Falls. Yosemite

Thomas Hill Painting - View Of Yosemite Valley by Thomas Hill

View Of Yosemite Valley

Bridal Veil Falls Yosemite Valley

Resting by a Stream

The Davidson Glacier

Bridal Veil Falls Yosemite Valley

Mountain Lake

Mountain of the Holy Cross

A View of Yosemite Valley

Sentinel Rock Yosemite


Indian Camp Yosemite

Mount St. Helena Napa Valley

Mount Washington

Donnner Lake

Yosemite Valley

View of Yosemite Valley

Fishing party in the mountains

Morning clear lake

Emerald Lake near Tahoe

Mount Shasta and castle lake California

Mount Lafayette Franconia Notch New Hampshire

Fishing on the Merced River

Alaska scene near juneau

The Salmon Festival Columbia River

Yosemite Valley

Royal arches and half dome yosemite

Sugar Loaf Peak El Dorado County

The Falls of Yosemite

Squaw Valley near Now-ow-wa

Artist at his easel in the woods

Emerald lake near tahoe

Encampment surrounded by mountains

Black butte mount shasta

Sisson's inn near mount shasta

The driving of the last spike

Yosemite Valley

Chinese man tending cattle


Mount Shasta from castle lake

Yosemite Canyon

Crescent lake

Bow river gap at banff on canadian pacific railroad

Gathering Sedge

Land's end

North Dome Yosemite Valley

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Featured Art - Indians Fishing in Yosemite by Thomas Hill

Indians Fishing in...

Thomas Hill

Thomas Hill (September 11, 1829 – June 30, 1908) was an American artist of the 19th century. He produced many fine paintings of the California landscape, in particular of the Yosemite Valley, as well as the White Mountains of New Hampshire. Thomas Hill was born in England on September 11, 1829. At the age of 15, he emigrated to the United States with his family. They settled in Taunton, Massachusetts. In 1851, he married Charlotte Elizabeth Hawkes. They had nine children. At the age of 24, Hill attended evening classes at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA) and studied under American painter Peter Frederick Rothermel (1812–1895). During his years as a student, Hill traveled to the White Mountains in New Hampshire as early as 1854 and sketched alongside members of the Hudson River School, such as Benjamin Champney. In 1856, Hill and his family moved to San Francisco, California.

With painter Virgil Williams and photographer Carleton Watkins, Hill made his first trip to the Yosemite Valley in 1865. The next year, Hill traveled to the East Coast and Europe. He established his family on the East Coast but continued to take sketching trips to the West Coast and to attend meetings of the San Francisco Art Association. He moved his family back to San Francisco in 1873.

Mount Lafayette in Winter (1870)

Hill made yearly sketching trips to Yosemite, Mount Shasta, and, back east, to the White Mountains. Hill ran an art gallery and art supply store. He briefly acted as the interim director for the SFAA School of Design and went to Alaska on a commission for environmentalist John Muir. He lived on his stock market investments as well as his art proceeds. His marriage ended in the 1880s.

Toward the end of his life, he maintained a studio at Yosemite’s Wawona Hotel. After suffering a stroke, Hill left Yosemite and traveled up and down the California coast, including stops in Coronado, San Diego and Santa Barbara. He died in Raymond, California, on June 30, 1908, and is buried at Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland, California.

Great Canyon of the Sierra, Yosemite (1872)
The Last Spike (1881)

Hill’s work was often driven by a vision resulting from his experiences with nature. For Thomas Hill, Yosemite Valley and the White Mountains of New Hampshire were his sources of inspiration to begin painting and captured his direct response to nature.[1]

Hill was loosely associated with the Hudson River School of painters. The Hudson River School celebrated nature with a sense of awe for its natural resources, which brought them a feeling of enthusiasm when thinking of the potential it held. Mainly the earlier members of the Hudson River School, around the 1850-60’s, displayed man as in unison with nature in their landscape paintings by often painting men on a very small scale compared to the vast landscape. Thomas Hill often brought this technique into his own paintings in for example in his painting, Yosemite Valley 1889.

He made early trips to the White Mountains with his friend Benjamin Champney and painted White Mountain subjects throughout his career. An example of his White Mountain subjects is Mount Lafayette in Winter. Hill acquired the technique of painting en plein air. These paintings in the field later served as the basis for larger finished works.

In plein air means to “paint outdoors and directly from the landscape”,[2]which Hill incorporated into many of his paintings. Hill’s landscape paintings demonstrate how he combined his powers of observation with powerful motifs in each painting.

Hill’s move to California in 1861 brought him new material for his paintings. He chose monumental vistas, like Yosemite. During his lifetime, Hill’s paintings were popular in California, costing as much as $10,000. Hill's best works are considered to be these monumental subjects, including Great Canon of the Sierra, Yosemite, Vernal Falls and Yosemite Valley.

His 1865 View of the Yosemite Valley was chosen to be the backdrop of the head table at Barack Obama's inaugural luncheon, to commemorate Lincoln's 1864 signing of the Yosemite Grant. A painting has been chosen for every inaugural luncheon since 1985.[3]

Hill's most famous and enduring work is of the driving of the "Last Spike" at Promontory Summit, U.T., on May 10, 1869, to join the rails of the CPRR and UPRR. The huge 8 x 12 foot painting, which features detailed portraits of 71 individuals associated with the First Transcontinental Railroad, hangs at the California State Railroad Museum in Sacramento, California.[4]


Driesbach, Janice T. Direct from Nature: the Oil Sketches of Thomas Hill. Sacramento, CA: Crocker Art Museum, 1997.
Driesbach, Janice T. Direct from Nature: the Oil Sketches of Thomas Hill. Sacramento, CA: Crocker Art Museum, 1997.
"2009 Painting: ‘View of the Yosemite Valley’". Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies.
"THE LAST SPIKE" A Painting by Thomas Hill Illustrating the Last Scene in the Building of the Overland Railroad with a History of the Enterprise. Pamphlet by Thomas Hill privately published in San Francisco (January, 1881)

Artist, USA


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