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Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Paintings

The Duck Pond Painting - The Duck Pond by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Duck Pond

Woman With A Cat Painting - Woman With A Cat by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Woman With A Cat

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Lakeside Landscape by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Lakeside Landscape

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Grands Boulevards by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Grands Boulevards

Young Girl Bathing Painting - Young Girl Bathing by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Young Girl Bathing

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Heads Trees And Fruits by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Heads Trees And Fruits

Bather Renoir Painting - Bather by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bather

Figures Beach Renoir Painting - Figures On The Beach by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Figures On The Beach

Flowers In A Vase Renoir Painting - Flowers In A Vase by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Flowers In A Vase

Bathers Renoir Painting - Bathers by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bathers

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Landscape At Montagne by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Landscape At Montagne

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Roses With Blue Curtain by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Roses With Blue Curtain

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Bouquet Of Flowers by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bouquet Of Flowers

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Boy With A Toy Soldier. Portrait Of Jean De La Pommeraye by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Boy With A Toy Soldier. Portrait Of Jean De La Pommeraye

Nude Renoir Painting - Nude by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Nude

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Portrait Of Alfred Berard With His Dog by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Portrait Of Alfred Berard With His Dog

A Young Girl With Daisies Renoir Painting - A Young Girl With Daisies by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

A Young Girl With Daisies

Bouquet Of Chrysanthemums Renoir Painting - Bouquet Of Chrysanthemums by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bouquet Of Chrysanthemums

Two Young Girls At The Piano Renoir Painting - Two Young Girls At The Piano by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Two Young Girls At The Piano

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Seaside by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Seaside

Roses Renoir Painting - Roses by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Roses

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Girl In A Red Ruff by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Girl In A Red Ruff

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Hills Around The Bay Of Moulin Huet Guernsey by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Hills Around The Bay Of Moulin Huet Guernsey

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Portrait Of Madame Renoir by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Portrait Of Madame Renoir

Reclining Nude Renoir Painting - Reclining Nude by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Reclining Nude

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Big Tree Near The Road by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Big Tree Near The Road

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Bouquet Of Flowers In Green Vase by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bouquet Of Flowers In Green Vase

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Girl Tatting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Girl Tatting

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Reflexion by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Reflexion

Bather Renoir Painting - Bather by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bather

Portrait Of Mademoiselle Legrand Renoir Painting - Portrait Of Mademoiselle Legrand by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Portrait Of Mademoiselle Legrand

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Still Life With Flowers And Fruit by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Still Life With Flowers And Fruit

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Girl In A Red Scarf by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Girl In A Red Scarf

Bather Renoir Painting - Large Bather by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Large Bather

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Peaches by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Peaches

Bather Renoir Painting - The Bathers by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Bathers

Woman In A Flowered Hat Renoir Painting - Woman In A Flowered Hat by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Woman In A Flowered Hat

Promenade Renoir Painting - La Promenade by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

La Promenade

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - A Bather by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

A Bather

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Dancing Girl With Castanets by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Dancing Girl With Castanets

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Dancing Girl With Tambourine by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Dancing Girl With Tambourine

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Gladioli In A Vase by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Gladioli In A Vase

The Umbrellas Renoir Painting - The Umbrellas by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Umbrellas

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Skiff. La Yole by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Skiff. La Yole

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Algerian Woman by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Algerian Woman

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Anemones by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Anemones

Anemone Renoir Painting - Anemones by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Anemones

Bather Renoir Painting - Bather by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bather

Field Of Banana Trees Renoir Painting - Field Of Banana Trees by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Field Of Banana Trees

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - At The Garden In Bretagne by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

At The Garden In Bretagne

Bal Du Moulin De La Galette Renoir Painting - Bal Du Moulin De La Galette by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bal Du Moulin De La Galette

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - La Grenouillere by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

La Grenouillere

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Pont Neuf Paris by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pont Neuf Paris

The Grands Boulevards Painting - The Grands Boulevards by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Grands Boulevards

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Boating Couple. Said To Be Aline Charigot And Renoir by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Boating Couple. Said To Be Aline Charigot And Renoir

After The Bath Renoir Painting - After The Bath by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

After The Bath

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Child With Cat. Julie Manet by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Child With Cat. Julie Manet

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Mother And Children. La Promenade by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Mother And Children. La Promenade

Luncheon Of The Boating Party Renoir Painting - Luncheon Of The Boating Party by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Luncheon Of The Boating Party

Parisiennes In Algerian Costume Or Harem Painting - Parisiennes In Algerian Costume Or Harem by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Parisiennes In Algerian Costume Or Harem

Still Life With Bouquet Renoir Painting - Still Life With Bouquet by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Still Life With Bouquet

Bouquet In A Vase Renoir Painting - Bouquet In A Vase by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bouquet In A Vase

Large Nude Renoir Painting - Large Nude by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Large Nude

Renoir Snow Covered Landscape Painting - Snow Covered Landscape by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Snow Covered Landscape

Swing Renoir Painting - The Swing by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Swing

Piano Renoir Painting - Young Girls At The Piano by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Young Girls At The Piano

A Woman Nursing A Child Renoir Painting - A Woman Nursing A Child by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

A Woman Nursing A Child

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Children On The Seashore Guernsey by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Children On The Seashore Guernsey

Woman With A Parasol In A Garden Renoir Painting - Woman With A Parasol In A Garden by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Woman With A Parasol In A Garden

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Girl Reading by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Girl Reading

In The Woods Renoir Painting - In The Woods by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

In The Woods

Mixed Flowers In An Earthenware Pot Renoir Painting - Mixed Flowers In An Earthenware Pot by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Mixed Flowers In An Earthenware Pot

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - River Landscape 1890 by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

River Landscape 1890

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Road At Wargemont by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Road At Wargemont

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Rocky Crags At L Estaque by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Rocky Crags At L Estaque

Woman With A Hat Renoir Painting - Woman With A Hat by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Woman With A Hat

Young Girls Renoir Painting - ?Young Girls by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Young Girls

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Near The Lake Or By The Water by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Near The Lake Or By The Water

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Femmes Au Bain by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Femmes Au Bain

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Diana As Huntress by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Diana As Huntress

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Bouquet De Chrysanthemes by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bouquet De Chrysanthemes

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Children's Afternoon At Wargemont by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Children's Afternoon At Wargemont

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Acrobats At The Cirque Fernando.francisca And Angelina Wartenberg. by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Acrobats At The Cirque Fernando.francisca And Angelina Wartenberg.

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Algerian Girl by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Algerian Girl

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Two Sisters.on The Terrace by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Two Sisters.on The Terrace

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Woman By Spring by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Woman By Spring

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Torse Effet De Soleil by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Torse Effet De Soleil

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Three Bathers With Crab by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Three Bathers With Crab

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Vue De Mourillon by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Vue De Mourillon

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Pears And Apples by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pears And Apples

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Claude Renoir In Clown Costume by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Claude Renoir In Clown Costume

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - By The Seashore by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

By The Seashore

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Country Dance by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Country Dance

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Large Nude by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Large Nude

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Bathers by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Bathers

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Bather by Pierre Auguste Renoir

Bather

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Mediterranean Landscape by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Mediterranean Landscape

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - La Toilette by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

La Toilette

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Dark-haired Woman by Pierre Auguste Renoir

Dark-haired Woman

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Guitar Player by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Guitar Player

Pierre-auguste Renoir Drawing - Etude Pour La Bergre. La Vache. La Brebis by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Etude Pour La Bergre. La Vache. La Brebis

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Vase Of Roses And Dahlias by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Vase Of Roses And Dahlias

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Nude Woman In An Interior by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Nude Woman In An Interior

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Tulips by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Tulips

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Girl Near A Fountain by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Girl Near A Fountain

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Girl With Basket. Gabrielle In The Garden by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Girl With Basket. Gabrielle In The Garden

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Still Life With Fuchsias by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Still Life With Fuchsias

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Grand Canal. Venice. Gondola by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Grand Canal. Venice. Gondola

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Two Girls by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Two Girls

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Daughters Of Catulle Mendes. Huguette Claudine And Helyonne by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Daughters Of Catulle Mendes. Huguette Claudine And Helyonne

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Bay Of Naples by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Bay Of Naples

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Farm At Les Collettes. Cagnes by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Farm At Les Collettes. Cagnes

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Pink And Blue. The Cahen D'anvers Girls by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pink And Blue. The Cahen D'anvers Girls

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Still Life With Flowers And Prickly Pears by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Still Life With Flowers And Prickly Pears

Pierre-auguste Renoir Drawing - Portrait Of A Young Girl. Elisabeth Maitre by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Portrait Of A Young Girl. Elisabeth Maitre

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Two Girls Reading by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Two Girls Reading

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Three Bathers. Fragment by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Three Bathers. Fragment

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Portrait Of Jean Renoir by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Portrait Of Jean Renoir

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Port De Marseille. Le Fort Saint-jean by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Port De Marseille. Le Fort Saint-jean

Pierre-auguste Renoir Drawing - Le Joueur De Fluteau by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Le Joueur De Fluteau

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Femme En Chemise Blanc by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Femme En Chemise Blanc

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Etude De Nus Et De Fleurs by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Etude De Nus Et De Fleurs

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Femme Au Corsage Rouge by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Femme Au Corsage Rouge

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Etude De Nu. Apres Le Bain by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Etude De Nu. Apres Le Bain

Pierre-auguste Renoir Drawing - Le Repos by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Le Repos

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - A Garden In Sorrento by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

A Garden In Sorrento

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Sketch Of Greek Subjects by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Sketch Of Greek Subjects

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Portrait Of Mme. Paulin by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Portrait Of Mme. Paulin

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - The Wave by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Wave

Pierre-auguste Renoir Drawing - The Dance In The Country by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Dance In The Country

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Summer by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Summer

Young Woman Braiding Her Hair Renoir Painting - Young Woman Braiding Her Hair by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Young Woman Braiding Her Hair

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Roses by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Roses

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Lovers by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Lovers

Dance At Bougival Renoir Painting - Dance At Bougival by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Dance At Bougival

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - After The Luncheon by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

After The Luncheon

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Children's Afternoon At Wargemont by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Children's Afternoon At Wargemont

Gabrielle And Jean Renoir Painting - Gabrielle And Jean by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Gabrielle And Jean

Bather Arranging Her Hair Renoir Painting - Bather Arranging Her Hair by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Bather Arranging Her Hair

Nude Renoir Painting - Nude by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Nude

Odalisque Renoir Painting - Odalisque by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Odalisque

Pierre-auguste Renoir Painting - Head Of A Dog by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Head Of A Dog

The Great Bathers Renoir Painting - The Great Bathers by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

The Great Bathers


Le Moulin de la Galette

Bather

Flowers in a Vase

Girl in a Red Scarf

Girl Tatting

Large Bather

Nude

Peaches (Les Peches)

Portrait of Alfred Berard with His Dog

Portrait of Mademoiselle Legrand

Still Life with Flowers and Fruit

The Grands Boulevards

Algerian Woman

At the Garden in Bretagne

Seaside

Roses

Reflexion

Big Tree near the Road

Bouquet of Flowers in Green Vase

Bouquet of Flowers

Nude

Nude in the sun

Nude with straw hat

Algerian woman with child

On the beach of Guernsey

On the swing

On the terrace

Bathing woman , sitting on a rock

Bathing Women

Bather sleeping ( The baker )

Ballet dancer

Coco

Lady with fan

Lady with veil

The end of breakfast

The child at the chest ( maternity)

The first exit

The painter Bazille in the studio

The Dance in the City

Diana as huntress

The Large Bathers

The Great Boulevards

The Loge ( The Orchestra loge )

The Mosque (Arab Festival )

Three girls taking a bath with crab

Railway bridge of Chatou

Duck pond

Cliffs in Guernsey

Figures in a garden

Woman at the Well

Woman at the Piano

Woman combs her hair

Woman shoe tying

Woman in armchair

Woman with a Fan

Woman with Mandolin

Mrs. Renoir with dog

Spring landscape

Gabrielle in red blouse

Gabrielle, Jean and a girl

Gabrielle with open blouse

Gabrielle with Rose

Guitar Player

Gondola on the Grand Canal, Venice

In the garden

In the Jardin du Luxembourg

In the Circus Fernando

Jean Renoir sewing

Jewish wedding (after Delacroix)

Young Bather

Young woman hair styling

Young girl on the meadow

Young man in the forest of Fontainebleau

Young Girl with a Fan

Church in Cagnes

Small Nude in Blue

L' Estaque

La Coiffure

La Grenouillère

La Grenouillère

Landscape at Cagnes

Landscape at Cagnes

Landscape with view of Sacre Coeur

Les canotiers

A Girl Reading

A Girl Reading

Lovers

Reclining Nude

Lise with Umbrella

Madame Monet on the Divan

Girl combing

Girl with Watering Can

Girl with Mandolin

Girl with whip

Girl with straw hat

Girl drying her feet

Head of a Girl

Mademoiselle Grimprel with blue hair band

St. Mark's Square in Venice

Sea and cliffs

Milkmaid

Monet while painting in his garden at Argenteuil

Moulin de la Galette, design sketch

After the Bath

Nymph at the source

Odalisque

Ode to Flowers ( after Anacreon )

Parisian Girl ( The Lady in Blue)

Pont- Neuf

Portrait Alexandre Thurneyssen as a shepherd boy

Portrait of Coco

Portrait of Alphonsine Fournaise

Portrait of Mme Charpentier and her children

Portrait of Gabrielle

Portrait of Jeanne Samary

Portrait of Lucie Berard

Portrait of Madame Henriot

Portrait of Mademoiselle Julie Manet with Cat

Portrait of Mademoiselle Romaine Lancaux

Portrait of Mme Charpentier

Portrait of Mme Iscovesco (Portrait Of A Romanian )

Portrait of Therese Berard

Portrait of Tilla Durieux

Portrait Of The Daughters of Catulle Mendès at the piano

Portrait of Ambroise Vollard

Portrait of Charles and Georges Durand- Ruel

Portrait of the Sisley Couple

Portrait of Georges Riviere

Portrait of the painter Alfred Sisley

Portrait of the painter Alfred Sisley

Portrait of the painter Claude Monet

Portrait of Paul Durand- Ruel

Portrait of Richard Wagner

Portrait of Victor Chocquet

Portrait of Victor Chocquet

Portrait of a young girl

Portrait of a girl ( in thought )

Jean Renoir and Gabrielle with her child

Portrait of Jean and Genevieve Caillebotte

Regatta at Argenteuil

Umbrellas

Roses grove

Rowers from Chatou

Calm After The Bath

Sleeping by the sea

Sleeping Bather

Sleeping Odalisque ( Odalisque with slippers)

Sailboats at Cagnes

Seine at Argenteuil

Seine at Asnères ( The Boat)

Self-portrait

Self-portrait

Self-portrait with white hat

Walk

Still life

Still Life with Anemones

Still life with chrysanthemums

Still Life with Fruit

Still life with large vase of flowers

Still life with tropical fruits

Still life with cup

Still life , roses of Vargemont

Still life , roses in front of a blue curtain

Dance in the " Moulin de la Galette " , detail

Dance in Bougival

Dancer with castanets

Dancer with Tambourine

Steps in Algiers

Judgment of Paris

Washerwomen

Washerwomen

Female Nude

Female Nude (Anna )

Meadow

Two women with young girl in a landscape

Two reading girls in a garden

Two Girls at the Piano

Two girls in black


Drawings

» L' Assommoir "

Bathers

Bather

The Judgment of Paris

The Dance in the Country

Woman in rocking chair

Nude in Profile

Reading girl and sketch of a seated woman

Girl with Child (Jean Renoir and Gabrielle )

Mother sitting with baby in the grass

Nude Dancer with Tambourine

Illustrations

Bather

The pinned Hat

The Scamander

Dance on the country

The two bathers

Child with biscuit

Portrait of a young woman

Self-portrait

Seated Bather

Standing Bather

Pierre-Auguste Renoir : Fine Art Prints | Greeting Cards | iPhone Cases | Tote Bags | Clothing | Lifestyle | Beach ...


Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (US /rɛnˈwɑr/ or UK /ˈrɛnwɑr/; French: [pjɛʁ oɡyst ʁənwaʁ]; 25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style. As a celebrator of beauty, and especially feminine sensuality, it has been said that "Renoir is the final representative of a tradition which runs directly from Rubens to Watteau."[1]

He was the father of actor Pierre Renoir (1885–1952), filmmaker Jean Renoir (1894–1979) and ceramic artist Claude Renoir (1901–69). He was the grandfather of the filmmaker Claude Renoir (1913–1993), son of Pierre.

Youth

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France, the child of a working-class family. As a boy, he worked in a porcelain factory where his drawing talents led to his being chosen to paint designs on fine china.[2] Before he enrolled in art school, he also painted hangings for overseas missionaries and decorations on fans .[3] During those early years, he often visited the Louvre to study the French master painters.

In 1862, he began studying art under Charles Gleyre in Paris. There he met Alfred Sisley, Frédéric Bazille, and Claude Monet.[4] At times, during the 1860s, he did not have enough money to buy paint. Although Renoir first started exhibiting paintings at the Paris Salon in 1864,[5] recognition was slow in coming, partly as a result of the turmoil of the Franco-Prussian War. Renoir had his first success at the Salon of 1868 with his painting Lise with a Parasol (1867), which depicted Lise Tréhot, his lover at the time.[6]

During the Paris Commune in 1871, while Renoir painted on the banks of the Seine River, some Communards thought he was a spy and were about to throw him into the river when a leader of the Commune, Raoul Rigault, recognized Renoir as the man who had protected him on an earlier occasion.[7]

In 1874, a ten-year friendship with Jules Le Cœur and his family ended,[8] and Renoir lost not only the valuable support gained by the association, but also a generous welcome to stay on their property near Fontainebleau and its scenic forest. This loss of a favorite painting location resulted in a distinct change of subjects.
Adulthood
The Swing (La Balançoire), 1876, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette (Bal du moulin de la Galette), 1876

After a series of rejections by the Salon juries, Renoir joined forces with Monet, Sisley, Pissarro, and several other artists to mount the first Impressionist exhibition in April 1874, in which Renoir displayed six paintings. Although the critical response to the exhibition was largely unfavorable, Renoir's work was comparatively well received.[6] That same year, two of his works were shown with Durand-Ruel in London.[8]

Renoir did not exhibit in the fourth and fifth Impressionist exhibitions, and instead resumed submitting his works to the Salon. By the end of the 1870s, particularly after the success of his painting Mme Charpentier and her Children (1878) at the Salon of 1879, Renoir was a successful and fashionable painter.[6]

In 1881, he traveled to Algeria, a country he associated with Eugène Delacroix,[9] then to Madrid, to see the work of Diego Velázquez. Following that, he traveled to Italy to see Titian's masterpieces in Florence and the paintings of Raphael in Rome. On 15 January 1882 Renoir met the composer Richard Wagner at his home in Palermo, Sicily. Renoir painted Wagner's portrait in just thirty-five minutes. In the same year, after contracting pneumonia which permanently damaged his respiratory system, Renoir convalesced for six weeks in Algeria.[10]

In 1883, Renoir spent the summer in Guernsey, one of the Channel Islands in the English Channel with a varied landscape of beaches, cliffs and bays, where he created fifteen paintings in little over a month. Most of these feature Moulin Huet, a bay in Saint Martin's, Guernsey. These paintings were the subject of a set of commemorative postage stamps issued by the Bailiwick of Guernsey in 1983.

While living and working in Montmartre, Renoir employed Suzanne Valadon as a model, who posed for him (The Large Bathers, 1884–87; Dance at Bougival, 1883)[11] and many of his fellow painters; during that time she studied their techniques and eventually became one of the leading painters of the day.

In 1887, the year when Queen Victoria celebrated her Golden Jubilee, and upon the request of the queen's associate, Phillip Richbourg, Renoir donated several paintings to the "French Impressionist Paintings" catalog as a token of his loyalty.

In 1890, he married Aline Victorine Charigot, who, along with a number of the artist's friends, had already served as a model for Le Déjeuner des canotiers (Luncheon of the Boating Party, 1881), and with whom he had already had a child, Pierre, in 1885.[10] After his marriage, Renoir painted many scenes of his wife and daily family life including their children and their nurse, Aline's cousin Gabrielle Renard. The Renoirs had three sons: Jean Renoir, who became a filmmaker of note, Pierre Renoir, who became a stage and film actor, and Claude Renoir, who became a ceramic artist.
Later years
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, c. 1910

Around 1892, Renoir developed rheumatoid arthritis. In 1907, he moved to the warmer climate of "Les Collettes," a farm at Cagnes-sur-Mer, close to the Mediterranean coast.[12] Renoir painted during the last twenty years of his life even when he was wheelchair-bound and arthritis severely limited his movement. He developed progressive deformities in his hands and ankylosis of his right shoulder, requiring him to change his painting technique. It has often been reported that in the advanced stages of his arthritis, he painted by having a brush strapped to his paralyzed fingers,[13] but this is erroneous; Renoir remained able to grasp a brush, although he required an assistant to place it in his hand.[14] The wrapping of his hands with bandages, apparent in late photographs of the artist, served to prevent skin irritation.[14]

In 1919, Renoir visited the Louvre to see his paintings hanging with those of the old masters. During this period, he created sculptures by cooperating with a young artist, Richard Guino, who worked the clay. Due to his limited joint mobility, Renoir also used a moving canvas, or picture roll, to facilitate painting large works.[14]

Renoir's portrait of Austrian actress Tilla Durieux (1914) contains playful flecks of vibrant color on her shawl that offset the classical pose of the actress and highlight Renoir's skill just five years before his death.

Renoir died in the village of Cagnes-sur-Mer, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, on 3 December 1919.
Artworks
Two Sisters, oil on canvas, 1881, Art Institute of Chicago
Girls at the Piano, 1892, Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Renoir's paintings are notable for their vibrant light and saturated color, most often focusing on people in intimate and candid compositions. The female nude was one of his primary subjects. In characteristic Impressionist style, Renoir suggested the details of a scene through freely brushed touches of color, so that his figures softly fuse with one another and their surroundings.

His initial paintings show the influence of the colorism of Eugène Delacroix and the luminosity of Camille Corot. He also admired the realism of Gustave Courbet and Édouard Manet, and his early work resembles theirs in his use of black as a color. Renoir admired Edgar Degas' sense of movement. Another painter Renoir greatly admired was the 18th-century master François Boucher.[15]

A fine example of Renoir's early work and evidence of the influence of Courbet's realism, is Diana, 1867. Ostensibly a mythological subject, the painting is a naturalistic studio work; the figure carefully observed, solidly modeled and superimposed upon a contrived landscape. If the work is a "student" piece, Renoir's heightened personal response to female sensuality is present. The model was Lise Tréhot, the artist's mistress at that time, and inspiration for a number of paintings.[16]

In the late 1860s, through the practice of painting light and water en plein air (outdoors), he and his friend Claude Monet discovered that the color of shadows is not brown or black, but the reflected color of the objects surrounding them, an effect known today as diffuse reflection. Several pairs of paintings exist in which Renoir and Monet worked side-by-side, depicting the same scenes (La Grenouillère, 1869).

One of the best known Impressionist works is Renoir's 1876 Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette (Bal du moulin de la Galette). The painting depicts an open-air scene, crowded with people at a popular dance garden on the Butte Montmartre close to where he lived. The works of his early maturity were typically Impressionist snapshots of real life, full of sparkling color and light. By the mid-1880s, however, he had broken with the movement to apply a more disciplined formal technique to portraits and figure paintings, particularly of women. It was a trip to Italy in 1881, when he saw works by Raphael and other Renaissance masters, that convinced him that he was on the wrong path, and for the next several years he painted in a more severe style in an attempt to return to classicism.[17] Concentrating on his drawing and emphasizing the outlines of figures, he painted works such as The Large Bathers (1884–87; Philadelphia Museum of Art) during what is sometimes called his "Ingres period".[18]

After 1890 he changed direction again. To dissolve outlines, as in his earlier work, he returned to thinly brushed color. From this period onward he concentrated on monumental nudes and domestic scenes, fine examples of which are Girls at the Piano, 1892, and Grandes Baigneuses, 1887. The latter painting is the most typical and successful of Renoir's late, abundantly fleshed nudes.[19]

A prolific artist, he created several thousand paintings. The warm sensuality of Renoir's style made his paintings some of the most well-known and frequently reproduced works in the history of art. The single largest collection of his works—181 paintings in all—is at the Barnes Foundation, in Philadelphia.
Posthumous prints

In 1919, Ambroise Vollard, a renowned art dealer, published a book on the life and work of Renoir, La Vie et l'Œuvre de Pierre-Auguste Renoir, in an edition of 1000 copies. In 1986, Vollard's heirs started reprinting the copper plates, generally etchings with hand applied watercolor. These prints are signed by Renoir in the plate and are embossed "Vollard" in the lower margin. They are not numbered, dated or signed in pencil.
Posthumous sales

Two of Renoir's paintings have sold for more than US$70 million. Bal au moulin de la Galette sold for $78.1 million in 1990.

In 2012, Renoir's Paysage bord du Seine was offered for sale at auction but the painting was discovered to have been stolen from the Baltimore Museum of Art in 1951. The sale was cancelled.
References

Read, Herbert: The Meaning of Art, page 127. Faber, 1931.
Renoir, Jean: Renoir, My Father, pages 57–67. Collins, 1962.
Vollard, Ambroise: Renoir, An Intimate Record, pages 24–29. Knopf, 1925.
Vollard, page 30.
Wadley, Nicholas: Renoir, A Retrospective, page 15. Park Lane, 1989.
Distel, Anne. "Renoir, Auguste." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 27 Dec. 2014.
Renoir, Jean, pages 118–21. Different and less life-threatening versions are offered by Paul Valéry and Vollard. In all accounts, however, their re-acquaintance led to great celebration.
Wadley, page 15.
Poulet, A. L., & Murphy, A. R. (1979). Corot to Braque: French Paintings from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, page 117. Boston: The Museum. ISBN 0-87846-134-5.
Wadley, page 25.
Wadley, pages 371, 374.
Wadley, page 28.
André, Albert: Renoir. Crés, 1928.
"Boonen, A.; van de Rest, J.; Dequeker, J.; van der Linden, S.: "How Renoir Coped with Rheumatoid Arthritis". ''British Medical Journal'', 1997:315:1704–1708". Bmj.com. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
Rey, Robert: La Peinture française à la fin du XIXe siècle, la renaissance du sentiment classique : Degas, Renoir, Cézanne, Gauguin, Seurat, Les Beaux-Arts, Van Oest, 1931 (thesis).
"From the Tour: Mary Cassatt", August Renoir. Retrieved 7 March 2007.
Clark, Kenneth: The Nude, pages 154–61. Penguin, 1960.
Asked late in life if he felt an affinity to Ingres, he responded: "I should very much like to". Rey, quoted in Wadley, page 336.

"For me, Renoir becomes a really great artist in the late nudes, above all in Les Grandes Baigneuses". David Sylvester, quoted by Wadley, page 378

Further reading
External video Renoir, "La Promenade" on YouTube, (1:49) Frick Collection
'Renoir, Impressionism, and Full-Length Painting,' An Introduction to the Exhibition on YouTube, (6:14) Frick Collection

Claude Roger-Marx (1952). Les Lithographies de Renoir. Monte-Carlo: Andre Sauret.
Joseph G. Stella (1975). The Graphic Work of Renoir: Catalogue Raisonne. London: Lund Humphries.
Jean Leymarie et Michel Melot (1971). Les Gravures Des Impressionistes, Manet, Pissarro, Renoir, Cezanne, Sisley. Paris: Arts et Metiers Graphiques.
Michel Melot (1996). The Impressionist Print. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Theodore Duret (1924). Renoir. Paris: Bernheim-Jeune.
Paul Haeserts (1947). Renoir Sculpteur. Bruxelles: Hermès.

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