Circle of Andrea Appiani
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Andrea Appiani (31 May 1754 – 8 November 1817) was an Italian neoclassical painter.
He was born in Milan. He had been intended to follow his father's career in medicine but instead entered the private academy of the painter Carlo Maria Giudici (1723–1804). He received instruction in drawing, copying mainly from sculpture and prints. He then joined the class of the fresco painter Antonio de' Giorgi, which was held at the Ambrosiana picture gallery in Milan. He also frequented the studio of Martin Knoller, where he deepened his knowledge of painting in oils; and he studied anatomy at the Ospedale Maggiore in Milan with the sculptor Gaetano Monti.
Appiani's interest in aesthetic issues was stimulated by the classical poet Giuseppe Parini, whom he drew in two fine pencil portraits. In 1776 he entered the Brera Academy of Fine Arts to follow the painting courses of Giulio Traballesi, receiving a mastery of the fresco technique. Among his masterpieces are the frescoes depicting the four evangelists and doctors of the church that he painted for the cupola and pendentives for the church of Santa Maria presso San Celso in 1795 and the fresco with The Parnassus, representing Apollo and the Muses, on the ceiling of the dining room of Royal Villa of Milan. Another masterpiece are the frescoes depicting Allegories of Virtues and others honoring Napoleon in the rooms of the Royal Palace of Milan.
Although created a pensioned artist to the Kingdom of Italy by Napoleon, Appiani lost his allowance after the events of 1814 and fell into poverty.  During his period as court painter he rendered portraits of Napoleon and the chief personages of his regime, among the most graceful of which are his oil paintings Venus and Love, and Rinaldo in the garden of Armida. He is known as "the elder", to distinguish him from his great-nephew Andrea Appiani, an historical painter at Rome. Other painters of the same name were Niccolò Appiani and Francesco Appiani.
Appiani painted a large canvas of the Encounter of Rachel and Jacob for a church in Alzano. The Brera has a fresco by Appiani representing Olympus.
He died at Milan in 1817. Among his pupils are Antonio De Antoni, Carlo Prajer, Angelo Monticelli, and Giuseppe Bossi.
Andrea Appiani (1803), Descrizione dell' opera a fresco eseguita nel 1795 nel tempio di S. Maria presso S. Celso in Milano dal pittore Andrea Appiani, Milano: Presso Pirotta e Maspero, OCLC 145947448
Luigi Lamberti (1809), Descrizione dei dipinti a buon fresco eseguiti dal signor cavaliere Andrea Appiani nella sala del trono del Real Palazzo di Milano, Milan: Dalla Stamperia reale, OCLC 644307069
*Caimi, Antonio (1862). Delle arti del designo e degli artisti nelle provincie di Lombardia dal 1777-1862. Milan, Italy: Presso Luigi di Giacomo Pirola. pp. 48–49.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Appiani, Andrea". Encyclopædia Britannica 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Domenico Sedini, Andrea Appiani, online catalogue Artgate by Fondazione Cariplo, 2010, CC BY-SA.
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